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Full text of "The American Legion Magazine [Volume 63, No. 3 (September 1957)]"

SEE PAGE 14 



THE AMERICAN 




Attacks 

on the 

nstitution 



MAGAZINE 



SEE PAGE 12 



This uias Toki|o 



SEPTEMBER 1957 




POOR RELATION 




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There are over 200,000 men like this ready to help you, and every 
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Golf has changed 
since 1830 
but the good taste of 

TEACHER'S 



never changes! 




HIGHLAND CREAM 

86 PROOF • Blended Scotch Whisky 
Schieffelin & Co., New York 



Vol. 63, No. 3; September 1957 

THE AMERICAN 



LEGION 

MAGAZINE 

Contents for September 1957 




Cover by Albert Staehle 



BILL OF RIGHTS 11 

THIS WAS TOKYO "D" PLUS "1" by Duane Decker 12 

THE MARINES HAD NO BUSINESS BEING THERE, BUT THERE THEV WERE. 

ATTACKS ON THE CONSTITUTION 

by National Commander Dan Daniel 14 

TIME AND AGAIN ATTEMPTS HAVE BEEN MADE TO CHANGE OUR 
GOVERNMENT. 

PHONES ON WHEELS by Sam G. Wingfield 16 

THE MOBILE TELEPHONE HAS BECOME BIG BUSINESS. 

SYMPTOMS OF DELINQUENCY by Paul Harvey 18 

WATCH OUT FOR THESE DANGER SIGNALS! 

NORTH DAKOTA'S INCREDIBLE AMERICAN LEGION 

by Robert B.PitkIn 20 

HOW THEY ATTRACT HALF THE VETERANS IN THE STATE. 

SOMEONE'S IN THE HOUSE! by Robert Uhl 22 

WHAT TO DO IF SOMEONE BREAKS IN. 

"I WAS A D.I. AT P.I." by Hank Felsen 24 

AN EX-DRILL INSTRUCTOR TATTLES ON THE MARINE CORPS. 

NEWS OF THE AMERICAN LEGION 29 

Features 

SOUND OFF! 4 PERSONAL AFFAIRS .. 8 NEWSLETTER 27 

EDITOR'S CORNER . 6 PRO AND CON 26 ROD AND GUN CLUB . 48 

PARTING SHOTS 56 

Manuscripts, artwork, cartoons submitted for consideration will not 
be returned unless a self-addressed, stamped envelope is included. 



The American Legion The American legion Magazine Midwestern 

Executive and Editorial & Advertising Offices Advertising Sales Office 
Administrative Offices 720 Fifth Avenue (enter and Monroe Stieeli 

Indianapolis 6, Indiana New York 19, New York Bloomington, Illinois 

Please notify the Circulation Dept., Publications Div., P. O. Box 1055, Indianapolis 
6, ind., of change of address, using notice Form 22*5 which you may secure from 
your Postmaster. Remove your address lahel from the cover of the magazine and 
paste it in the space provided. Give your latest membership card number and both 
your new and your old address, and notify the Adjutant of your Post. 



Dan Daniel, Notionol Commonder, The Americon legion, Indionapolis 6, Indiono 



The American Legion 
Publicotions Commis- 
sion: John Stelle, Mc 
Leansboro, III. (Chair- 
man); Dan W. Emmetl, 
Ookda I e, Co I i f., ond 
Rev. Milton B. Fousl, 
Soiisbury, N. C. (Vice 
Chairmen); Lang Arm- 
strong, Spokane, Wash.; 
Charles E. Booth. Hunt- 
ington, W. Vo.; Rolond 

A III. lu Publiiher 

Frank Lisiecki 
EJiioi 

Joseph C. Keeley 
A/.jujging Editor 

Robert B. Pilkin 
A Ti Editor 

Al Marshall 



Cocreham, Boton Rouge, 
Lo-; Clovis Copelond, 
Little Rock, Ark.; Poul 
B. Dague, Downingtown, 
Po.; John E. Drinkord, 
Cullman, Ala.; Dove H. 
Fleischer, St. Louis, 
Mo.; Samuel J. Gor- 
men, West Hartford. 
Conn.; Eori C. Hitch- 
cock, Glens Foils. 
N. v.; Howard Lyon, 
New Castle, Pa.; Eorl 

Publisher, James F. O'Neil 
A ssocijte Editor 

Irving Herschbein 
Editorial A ssts. 

Edward W. Atkinson 
Alda Viarengo 
.Wjnjgcr 

Irving N. Larson 
Indianapolis. Ind 



L. Meyer, Alliance, 
Nebr.; Herschiel L. 
Hunt, El Compo, Tex.; 
George D. Levy, Sumter, 
S C; Dr. Charles R. 
Logon, Keokuk, Iowa; 
Emmet Sofay, Jackson- 
ville, Flo.; D. L. Seors, 
Toledo, Ohio; Harold 
A. Shindier, Newburgh, 
Ind.; Raymond Fields, 
Guymon, Okla. 

Advertiiiug Alunuger 

WilliamM. DeVitalis 
Eastern Adv. Manager 

Howard F. Parkes 
Detroit A dv. Rep. 

Adv. Soles Assoc. 
II '(■)/ Coait Adv. Rep. 

The Eschen Company 



The American Legion Magazine is the officio! publication of The American Legion ond is 
owned exclusively by The Americon Legion. Copyright 1957 by The Americon Legion. Pub- 
lished monthly at 1100 W. Broadwoy, Louisville, Ky. Second doss moil privileges outhor- 
ized ot Louisville, Ky. Price single copy, 15 cents; yeorly subscription, $1.50. Non-member 
subscriptions should be sent to the Circulotion Deportment of The Americon Legion Mogozine, 
P. O. Boy 1055. Indionopolis 6, Ind. 



2 • THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 



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PALL MALL's greater length of traditionally 
fine tobaccos travels the smoke further, filters the 
smoke and makes it mild. So don't miss the fun 
of smoking. Buy PALL MALL Famous Cigarettes 
in the distinguished red package today ! 

Outstanding ..and they are Mild! 



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SHOCKED BY DECISIONS 

Sir: The shocking decision of the 
Supreme Court to make the files of 
the great F.B.I, puhhc to suhversives 
is hut one of approximately 1 deci- 
sions in the past two years to smooth 
the path of these traitors to our coun- 
try. Our Constitution docs not say 
that Supreme Court justices are ap- 
pointed for life, but only during their 
tenure of good behavior. It also clear- 
ly' states Congress has the right to 
conduct its proceedings and investi- 
gations and cannot be encroached 
upon by the Supreme Court, yet they 
are trying to make invalid the inves- 
tigations of our duly elected Congress. 
Soon will come the National Conven- 
tions of our great service organiza- 
tions. I sincerely trust they will not 
let the actions of this body go un- 
noticed. 

foe A. Logan 

Pittsbiir'^h, Pa. 

"SUPER-PATRIOTS" 

Sir: Ever since the Supreme Court 
rendered some important decisions 
the super-patriots would now curb 
tiic powers of that court. They would 
save democracy by destroying it. 
These super-patriots were the ones 
wlio recommended that all our young- 
sters should be required to study the 
U. S. Constitution. Yet it is evident 
that it is they who need to understand 
our democracy and its Constitution. 

George A. J. Froberger 
Portland, Maine 

MYSTERY PIGEON? 

Sir: Just read "The Omaha Beach 
Alystery" in your June issue. The 
pigeon mentioned may have been the 
one that was released by the U. S. 
Ariny Signal Corps aboard the U.S.S. 
Aiicoii shortly after leaving Wey- 
mouth Harbor. It flew up and pcrclied 
on tlie antenna gear near the ship's 
wliistle. The bird must have been ill 
or seasick (if pigeons get seasick) be- 
cause immediate efforts to shoo it off 
failed. Another bird was released and 



flew away, carrying out its mission, I 
hope. No further effort was made to 
get the first bird released into flight, 
but we watched it for quite awhile. 
The "Mighty A" being the flagship in 
our convoy signaled for a change of 
course and when the time of execu- 
tion came, let go with the whistle. 
That bird took off and we never saw 
it again. 

Frank H. Phinncy 

Cavibria Heijilns, N. Y. 

NEEDED SAFEGUARD 

Sir: So far as I know, ever>- reputable 
life insurance company permits pay- 
ment of premiums through automatic 
premium payments out of reserves. 
For years I have beeti trying to get 
automatic pa>'ment in case of sickness 
or accident which would prevent a 
lapse. The \^A says, "No." This means 
that, even though a veteran has paid 
his premium for yO years, if he is in- 
jured or sick at the dividend paying 
time and doesn't pay it because of the 
failure to get a notice or any other 
cause, the Government is just ahead 
that mucli money. It wouldn't cost a 
cent to make the change in this pro- 
vision. 

Name Withheld 

Bloo/iihiatmi, III. 

STOOL PIGEON 

Sir: Re Arthur Miller's tiff with the 
courts: I will guess that the Supreme 
Court will decide that Mr. Miller had 
the right to refuse to be a squealer and 
stool pigeon. AVanna bet? are dis- 
covering, and it is about time, that 
the Constitution is the basic law of 
the land and neither Congress nor 
Hoover's stool pigeons can deny a 
citizen the protection of tivat docu- 
ment. 

Jonathan H. McMiinay 

Stevens Point, M'isc. 

POLICY STATEMENT 

Sir: I read your editorial in tlie June 
issue concerning "Russian ' products 
and advertising. The following sign is 
in our window, and should be in thou- 
sands of dealer-member windows 
throughout the country: 

STATEMENT OF POLICY: 
We do not sell or service any 
machines which are manufac- 
tured in territory under So- 
viet control. 
.Member— National Office iMachine 
Dealers Association. 

Jay Schiff 
Pleasantville, N. J. 

CONVENTION COVERAGE 

Sir: I do considerable traveling and 
visit Posts from Florida to New Eng- 
land. I And a great deal of talk and 
some agitation among tlie rank and 
file over the amount of radio and tele- 
vision time given to National Conven- 
tions. Many thousands, unable to at- 
tend, eagerly watcii T\' for news and 
views of the Convention. They get 



4 • THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 



IF YOU WANT THE BEST] 
buy the best 

Buy ITHACA 



oiiK' a smattering of news or a brief 
picture e\ en though there is plenty to 
tele\ isc in the Convention sessions, 
outstanding personahties, contests, 
parade, etc. Wc get hours of televi- 
sion co\ eragc of the Rose Bow 1 parade. 
Is the Legion of less importance.- 

Lloyd R. Sutton 
I'rovidciicc, R. I. 

MARYLAND'S PRIDE 

Sir: In tlie June issue \ ou ha\ e an 
article, "America's Religious Roots," 
which pictures various old churches 
throughout America. AMiy not one 
of /Maryland's old churches? The 
practice of religious toleratit>n is 
iMar\ land's cliicf claim to distinction. 

Lorraine, VV. Bean 
CalliTiViiy, Md. 

GOOD IDEA 

Sir: In connection with your new 
feature, H\ishiiigto/i Pro <& Con: most 
of us are inarticulate and unwilling to 
compose a letter to our congressmen 
and senators. The Pro Con page 
offers a more or less painless means of 
conveying our opinions to our repre- 
sentatives. Just state which side you 
favor and send it to \ our senator or 
congressman. 

W. L. Moore 

Stockton, III. 

TO CLEAN OLD GLORY 

Sir: We have read \"our articles on 
the display and proper care of the 
Stars and Stripes and we'd like to 
make a suggestion. It's true that Old 
Glory should be destroyed w hen it 
becomes torn and tattered, but, if the 
flag is just soiled through exposure to 
soot and grime, it only needs to be 
washed and not burned. The majority 
of manufacturers produce flags of 
washable, fast-color fabric— such as 
cotton bunting, wool, nylon, or a 
nyloii-and-w ool blend. One easy 
washing method is to fill a tub with 
warm soap or detergent suds, then 
dip a soft brush in the lather and use 
it to pretreat the most soiled sections 
of the flag. Then place the entire flag 
in the tub and di]) up and down until 
clean, being careful not to twist, 
wring, or rub the fabric against itself. 
\\ hen the colors emerge in their ori- 
ginal vibrancy, rinse well, and hang 
on the clothesline as correctly as y^ou 
would for display. When almost dry, 
press the flag lightly on the wrong 
side w ith a moderateh' hot iron, using 
straight strokes parallel to the stripes. 
If the stars are appliqued, pad the 
board with a tow el under the blue 
field. The next time Old Glory flies, 
it will sparkle in the sunlight. 

Ruth D. Goldberg 
Cleanliness Biireati 
Neiv York Citv 



Letters published in Sound Off! do not 
necessarily represent the policy of The 
American Legion. Name icithheld ij re- 
quested. Keep your letters short. Address: 
Sound Off, The American Legion Maga- 
zine, 720 Fifth Avenue, New York 19, N. Y. 



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THE AMERICAN LEGIOV MAGAZINE • ST ITF M liFR 1957 




This Is Your Wife 

How the telephone helps her to be Jive busy people 



This is the very pretty gir! you 
married. 

She's the family chef. And thc 
nurse. And the ehauffeur and maid. 

And when she's all dressed up for 
an evening out — doesn't she look 
just wonderful ! 

How does she do it? 

Of course she's smart and it 
keeps her busy, but she ne\ er could 
manage it without the telephone. 

When the "chef" needs gro- 



ceries, she telephones. Supplies 
from the drugstore? The "nurse" 
phones her order. 

A train to be met? The tele- 
phone tells the "chauffeur" which 
one. A beauty shop appointment? 
A call from the "glamour girl" 
makes it easily and quickly. 

Handy, ever-ready telephones— 
in li\ing room, bedroom, kitchen 
and hobby room — mean more com- 
fort, convenience and security for 
c\cr\bodv. 



Working together to brmg people together .. .BKLL TELEPHONE SYSTEM 



^ • THE . AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 





Editors 

C O R I N E R 



ALLEN, PUBLIC DEFENDER 



SOAIE PEOPLE arc always trying to 
put something over on the public 
scliools, using tliem to spread some kind 
of propaganda. Fortunately, \\ c have such 
people as James E. Allen, Jr., looking out 
for tile public weal. Allen is Commis- 
sioner of Education for the State of New 
York. 

Not long ago, some people on Long 
Island tried to pull a fast one by sneaking 
some plaques into the New Hyde Park 
school district. Fortunately, alert \ igi- 
lantes learned about the scheme and 
wasted no time in tipping off the com- 
missioner. As a result of this quick move 
and Allen's courageous action, the Long 
Fslanders were informed to stop imme- 
diately and forthw ith tlieir plans to spread 
their doctrines in Allen"s schools. 

You may not belie\ c it, but what the 
audacious Long Islanders were trying to 
do was displa>' the Ten Commandments 
in classrooms! And, as the commissioner 
pointed out, such a move might well have 
caused "divisiveness, ill-feeling and un- 
wholesome controversy." 

Better far that all the classrooms in 
i\llen's domain should become black- 
board jungles than that students or 
parents should be made unhappy by be- 
ing reminded of The Law brought down 
from Sinai by Moses. 



SIGNS WE'D LIKE TO SEE 



IF SOME OF OUR wealthy founda- 
tions wish to engage in an educational 
program of a very high order, we'd like 
to offer a suggestion. Let them buy a few 
iuindred thousand copies of a recently 
published book and circulate them to 
educators, editors, politicians, lecturers, 
clergymen, autiiors, students, radio-T\' 
talkers, businessmen and others. Nine 
copies certainly siiould go to the Supreme 
Court, with a few spares for the "bright 
Noung men" who ser\e as legal ghosts 
when important decisions are being 
w eighed and opinions written. 

\A'hat is this book? The title is "Soviet 
Russia in China" and the author is Chiang 
Kai-shek. The publisher, incidentally, is 
Farrar, Straus and Cudahy. 

The reason why every American 
should read the book is because it por- 
trays a terrible object lesson. Graphicalh 
it shows how a great nation can be sub- 
\ erted by "the enemy within" when such 
traitors arc aided by predator\' outsiders. 
Chiang describes iiow a small, fanatical 



group of reds gradually dc\ clopcil a pow - 
erful coalition whicii exerted tremendous 
pressures on the legitimate government 
of China. Aided by influential outside 
forces, including some in the United 
States, these "agrarian reformers'" eventu- 
alK" took o\ cr China. 

Reading tiiis book, you are likel\- to 
get a ilisquieting feeling that the same 
currents are already running stronglj- in 
the United States, but maybe there is 
still time to keep this Nation from going 
the \\ a\- of China. 



SIGNS WE'D LIKE TO SEE 



Tin: PAPERS ARE FULL of talk 
about trade with Red China, but few 
people seem to be concerned about the 
thriving trade being done in this countr\- 
by people who don't mind peddling 
goods made behind the Iron Curtain. As 
a result of their activities it is easy to buy 
guns, cameras, fancy delicatessen, glass- 
ware and other products which bolster 
the communist economy. 

Since few people bother to check care- 
full\- on the things they buy, maybe some 
kind of warning would be in order. In- 
deed, there may be an idea in a system 
being employed in Alabama and South 
Carolina with regard to Japanese textiles. 
A\'orried about such imports, these States 
require retailers handling such textiles to 
post signs prominently stating that fact. 
W hy not require dealers handling Soviet 
merchandise to display signs admitting it? 



READ ALL ABOUT IT 



JOURNALISAl as it is practiced these 
days is more than passing strange. If 
a man is arrested for illegal parking and 
it dc\ elops that he is a scofHaw type who 
has ignored previous tickets and sum- 
monses, that fact is likely to be duly re- 
ported in the papers. A burglar with a 
record can expect to have that record 
spread on newsprint if he is again caught 
a-burgling. If a sex maniac is appre- 
hended, the public will in all likelihood 
be toll! the kind of monster he is. 

But let a fellow with a record of com- 
munist front activity come up with still 
another project dear to the heart of the 
Kremlin, and what happens? The dis- 
creet gentlemen of the press, radio, and 
T\' seldom bother to inform their read- 
ers and listeners of the true nature of the 
creature. His propaganda makes the front 
page, and the pun eyor of the pap is held 
up to readers as a great man, a powerful 
thinker, a holder of many honors, and 
obviously a person to be listened to. 

AA'hat brought this up? Didn't you no- 
tice the excellent press that was recently 
enjoyed by "distinguished scientist" and 
"Nobel Prize winner" Linus Pauling 
u hen he got up his now famous petition 
calling on the U. S. to give up testing 
nuclear weapons? A few papers called 
attention to Linus's background in com- 
mie-sening causes, but most of them 
were not so ill-mannered. And as far as 
we know , only the New York fournal- 
Aiiiericaii pointed out that among the 
signers of his petitions were many com- 
munists. Fifth Amendment commies, and 
others of the same sorry ilk. 



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THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEI'TEMBEK 1957 • 7 



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Information that will help you with your everyday problems. 



With summer about to ebb, most of those nice new homes started in spring 
are getting their finishing touches. Ditto enlargements of existing structures. 

Remember this about new construction: It needs a "break-in" period 
before it settles down to stable behavior. The Long Island Home Builders 
Institute, for example, tells its clients that: 

• Believe it or not, much of your new home consists of water. The cement, 
paint, wallpaper paste, tiling, etc., are full of it. So keep the house well 
ventilated (preferably at a steady 70 degrees) to speed drying. But don't 
overheat— that promotes unevenness. 

• Your house can't possibly be crackproof. Frost and shrinkage are almost 
sure to take some toll. So don't decorate the interior too expensively at the 
start. Wait until you see how many cracks develop. 

• By and large, a house is built to settle evenly. Worst danger is in the 
joists (horizontal beams) because wood shrinks across the grain— thereby 
lowering the joists just enough to put a strain on the plaster. 

• Dampness in the cellar doesn't necessarily mean a poor basement. It's 
likely to be condensation due to coolness below. 

• Nor does cool air near the windows automatically indicate leaky frames. 
Glass transmits chillness from the outside. 

• When you take title to your place, you're on your own— except for the 
warranties on plumbing, roofing, etc. 

• So try to learn as much as possible about the 3,000-odd parts that went 
into the structure. 

• • • 

The 1958 automotive parade begins in a few days with the advent of 
Ford's new Edsel. Thereafter Detroit will be jumping— with the peak of 
activity due in early November when GM brings out its new Chevrolet. 

One thing is sure: Prices will be up. But once you're past that initial price 
hurdle, how much does it really cost to keep your car on the road? 

Here are some averages to guide you: 

1) Figure on $1.74 a day (or $635 a year) before you even get your car 
out of the garage. That's about what you will need to cover insurance, license, 
and depreciation. 

2) Actual driving expenses should run you about 3.74 a mile for gas, oil, 
tires, and maintenance. 

3) As a quick guess, take $1,000 as operating costs for a popular-priced 
job driven 10,000 miles a year. 

• • • 

• The world has just started the International Geophysical Year (IGY— 
which runs through 1958) . During it, scientists of all major nations will 
cooperate in probing phenomena on the earth's surface, beneath it, and 
above it. They will examine, among other things, ocean currents, weather, 
solar activity, ice, cosmic rays, gravity. 

• How much do you think a major league baseball player gets a year? 
A congressional committee has dug out these figures: Averages in the 
National League last year ranged from $10,000 to $18,000; in the American 
League, the spread was from $10,000 to $18,500. By and large the Brooklyn 
Dodgers and Cleveland Indians paid best. 

• Doctors know that patients with injured limbs are doubly unhappy 
(especially the kids) because their casts look so grim. Sometimes hospitals 
even mix a little color into the plaster of paris to pretty it up. Now Johnson 
& Johnson is doing it for them with a line of plaster of paris bandages in 
four pastel shades (light enough so they can be autographed— or decorated 
with colored patches shaped like stars, hearts, diamonds, clovers). 

• How many patents really ever get into commercial use? The Patent, 
Trade-Mark, and Copyright Foundation of George Washington University 
says that between 45% and 65% of assigned patents make the grade at least 
part way ; for unassigned patents, the figure is somewhere between 30% and 
45%. Biggest reason why assigned patents aren't used is lack of market 
demand. For the unassigned, it's lack of venture capital, and— note this— the 
inventor's neglect to exploit his brainchild. 

By Edgar A. Grunwald 



g • THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 




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new liberalized policy, you have even greater opportunities than before— a wider range of skills 
accepted, choice of assignments, paid 30-day delay in reporting and, for all ex-servicemen, a more 
liberal conversion list. And if you don't have a usaljle skill, you may, before you sign up— on the 
basis of aptitude testing— 6e guaranteed technical training in a needed skill. Find out, too, about 
more generous pay raises, increased bonuses and allowances, and extended retirement benefits. 
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J^ivi»t6cn^mett?>mcnfe to tl)c Con^ttitxittoit 



(?oncixv$5ei ektll make no lau* fcfiipccTtiy an c^Kibli^lwtcitl' of religion, 
or >nvbibtlntii the five cNavtjJc tbcivof; or ubrt&^tn^ tU jrccX^nt of epcovrS.or of Hic prc^i? ; or 
tbc rt^bt" of tlic people pea ecublv fo aeeemble, anb petition tbe Govcrnmenl'for a rc^re^ 
o\ vjviewtnce^. 

^$t*ticlc Ha^ ^lvl^re^ulate^ wttlttta, beiit^ tieccseary ib the scciirily o/ a free kittle, tl-)c^ 
ri^bl of tiie people Ib keep aIt^ bear arnte, t^ball not" be tnfrin5Ie^. 

Mrticlc nio ?to i?ol^ier ^ball.in tfmc of peaee,be ^uarlcre^ in anv bou^e, u'itkou^ fbe coitjjail' of 
Hie oirnei'.nor tn Inne of u'ar,bul' in a manner lb be pre0crtbe^ by law. 

article IV, oIk ri^ht of tbe people lb be sceure in tbetr per^oite, boiti?e6, pay»cre, an^ effcel&, 
atiatni<l'unxvai?onable ^earebei? an^ ^eijuxw ?ball no^ be viola le^, anb no vuarranle ^ball iesuc, 
bul'upon probable cau^e,0upporle^ by oatb or affirmation, an^ parlicularly 5>c«cribiitci tl->e 
place lb be ^earcbe^, an^ tbe pcreono or tbin^e lb be ^e^^e^. 

Article V. ?to person ^kill be bel^ lb answer for a capital, or otberunW infamoui* crime, unle?^ 
on a pre^eittment' or inbiclfnenl: of a c^l•an^ jurv, e.-<cepl'in caeee arielnjj tn tbelan^ or naval foreei?, 
or tit tlv ntilitia.ti'ben irt aclual service in lime of vuar or public banker ; nor eball any person be 
^ubiecl^ fortiv^ame ol)eit?e Ibbe lunce pul iit jcoparvV of life or limb ; nor ^ball be compelle^ in cin^ 
crimittal cat^e lb be a wihieeu aj^ainetbiniBelf nor be ^eprive^ cf lifc.ltberly, or properly, u'itlioul ^ue 
procet*? of law; nor eball private properly be taken for public uise, u'ilftoul' fu^hcompeneatioit. 

Sw all criminal piwccuttond tbe accu0e5 oball enjoy tberi^bl'lo a gpco^y an^> 
public Trial, bv an imparftal jurv of the isKilc an^ ^ietricl' wbcrein the crime shall ba'oebceit commit- 
teJ», which biefrtcr shall kive been previously ascerlaine'^ bv lau\an^ to be informe^ of the italurc and 
cause of the accusation ; lb be confronted with the vuilncsses against him; to have compulsory 
process for obtaining wiltiesses in his)avor,an> to have tl^e assistance of counsel for his befensc. 

flrtidcYII » S\\ suits al' common Ivtw, where tbe value in con trover s;j shall CA!cce^ ICvenlvj 
^ollars,the rtcihl'of ttial bvjvtry shall bepreservv^,an^ no fact trie> by a jury shall be othervutse 
re-exami^Te^ in anv court of the United Slalbs,than accordinq to the rules of the commoit la\.p. 




dcVlIL O.xcessive bail shall iiol" be required, nor excessive fines inrpose^.nor cruel an^ un- 
usual punishmeitls inflicted. 

Ghe enumeralion m riv Constilulion, of cerlain ri^hl^, shall nol' be construed* lb 
deity or disparage others I'elained by tbe people. 

Mrticlc X Ohc pou\nrs nol' delegated lb theUnil'ed S'tales by the ConstiKilioit, nox- 
prohibiled by it lo the sKtles.are reserved lb the stales respecKvelv, or to the people. 




Nobody had actually expected to get to 
Tokyo, but there we were looking at it.^ 








One of the first Americans to get inside 
Tokyo at the end of the war tells what 
the citv was like. 



By DUANE DECKER 

I GUESS, TO EXPLAIN this title, I've 
got to explain that I was a staff 
sergeant in the Marine Corps, a 
correspondent for Leatherneck, official 
magazine of the Corps. I went into 
Japan— Yokosuka naval base— with the 
4th Marine Regiment under Marine 
Brigadier Genera! William T. Clement 



who, I remember, had a remarkable re- 
semblance physically and in terms of 
personality, to General of the Army 
Douglas MacArthur. At any rate, J was 
privileged to be one of the first eight 
Americans to get inside Tokyo the first 
day after the landings (which took place 
August 30). Six of us went together. 
The other two were from Yank Maga- 
zine and I don't know who they were. 



I just know they were there. General 
MacArthur's troops came in couple of 
weeks later. 

The six of us were five Marines and 
one Seabee. This is a good average. 
Marines included Don Petit, of Burling- 
ton, Vt., and Bernie Milligan, of Los 
Angeles (both Marine Corps combat 
correspondents); Staff Sergeant John 
Birch, of Waterbury, Conn., our pho- 



12 



tographer; Corporal Joseph Purcell, of 
Boston, Mass., a former combat corre- 
spondent who had been transferred to 
the Leaihenieck staff; and me. The won- 
derful Seabee guy who drove us (Sea- 
bees always did everything important, 
as a matter of fact) was John Hunter, 
of Nitro. W. Va. 

We'd landed with the first wave of 
the 4th Marines and nobody really 
knew, for a while, what was what. "It's 
pretty dead around here," Seabee Hunt- 
er said. 

It really was, for a fact. A couple 
of hours after we'd landed (wondering if 
this was a gigantic trap— because you 
know how shifty the Japanese were 
when they put the chips down), things 
really did hum. A Jap admiral sulkily 
surrendered the Yokosuka naval base to 
General Clement, and a couple of miles 
farther north the air station fell like a 
ripe plum to the 4th's 1st Battalion. In 
practically no time at all the Marines 
had finished what they'd come to do: 
so had the Army; in fpct, so had every- 
body. It was all over too fast. It was 
discouraging — to a correspondent, 
though maybe not to a line-duty man. 

The Seabee had a jeep and we took 
off for Yokohama, where General Mac- 
Arthur was. We 
followed the 
bumpy, winding 
road that led 
from Yokosuka 
to Yokohama. We 
went through the 
rubble of what 
had been small 
suburban settle- 
ments: Susaki, 
Nagahama, and 
Sugita. They were 
burned out most- 
ly, not blasted out. 
Incendiaries. 

What remained 
of the Japanese 
were all shabbily 
dressed, incred- 
ibly thin, and just 
plain dirty-look- 
ing. I mean, no- 
bath-for-a-couple- 
months-look. Oc- 
casionally you'd 
see them standing 
at the side of the 

road, defecating in public. No one paid 
attention to such public displays— except, 
maybe, us. 

We went through a series of tunnels, 
still trying to get from Yokosuka to 
Yokohama. Each tunnel was about 40 
or 50 yards. Then we hit the city limits 
of Yoko and here was utter devastation 
that our bombers had left, for calling 
cards. The pattern was similar to that 
of Manila (where I'd had a chance to 
look, at the time the Army Rangers had 




The bellhops were all 
young Japanese girls. 



ILLUSTRATED BY JOHN McDERMOTT 

opened up the prison camps where 
China Marines from Bataan and Cor- 
regidor as well as Army prisoners and 
civilians were then being held). Against 
the Manila job this was more workman- 
like in pattern— our bombers had learned 
some. Block after block had been burned 
out, or blasted out, completely. 

Here and there were blocks where 
buildings remained almost in- 
tact, but they were few and 
far between. Streetcars and 
buses lay pushed to one side 
of the road, charred and rusted 
ghosts of what had 
once been a big-city 
transportation system. 
The Army was all over 
Yokohama— in patrols. 
By this time, the Japa- 
nese (or Nips, as we 
called them then) 
were so used to seeing 
Americans about that 
they seldom even 
stared at you. Japa- 
nese women, invari- 
ably short and seldom beautiful at first 
glance, turned their heads 
quickly when they saw you 
watching them. 

We pulled up in 
front of what must 
have been a third- 
or fourth-rate hotel. 
Its name was let- 
tered in Japanese, 
but below, in Eng- 
lish, it said: "Bund 
Hotel." We went 
inside the lobby 
and found that din- 
ner was being 
served. We sat 
down. Grapes and 
rye bread with but- 
ter came at us first. 
The grapes were 
rough, small, and 
sour, with seeds 
and tough skin. 
But, investigation 
showed that if you 
squeezed one into 
your mouth a la 
Concord, it was rea- 
sonably swallow- 
able. Sweet, even. 

There followed a fish plate, large plate 
but little fish. Three or four bites did it. 
Strong. Not too good. Then came a 
small plate, about the size of a saucer. 
On this was what inevitably must be 
called stew. At least it had a few small 
chunks of meat, slices of onion and a 
watery juice. Then, of course, tea. And 
very weak. 

Now came the Tokyo foray. 
Outside the hotel the Seabee said, 



"We got the jeep and Tokyo's only 15, 
maybe 20, miles." 

"Let's go," one of us said. 
We started. No American troops had 
been beyond the city limits of Yoko- 
hama. We did not know how to get to 
Tokyo. We knew no Americans had 
been there yet. We made a few false 
starts, trying to get out of the city, al- 
ways winding back inside it. 

Finally, three Japanese in a 1940 
Detroit U.S.A. Ford 
coupe started to 
pass us and we 
shouted. 




The -sentries bowed, saluted and knocked themselves 
out trying to explain that we should not proceed. 



pointing ahead: "Tokyo?" 

In extremely good English the driver 
shouted back: "Yes. Follow us. We are 
headed that way." 

This one took us on a terrible ride. 
After going through a maze of alleys 
and tunnels, we broke clear on what 
must have been, at the time, the most 
beaten-up stretch of road in the entire 
home island chain. Finally this battered 
stretch ended abruptly and turned into 
a fairly smooth, black-top highway. A 
few miles farther and our guides slowed 
down. So did we. 

The driver called: "We turn oft" here. 
You proceed straight through Kawasaki. 
Stay on this road. Soon you will arrive 
in Tokyo." 

His grammar was impeccable. With 
your eyes shut he was a Harvard man. 
He gave us a snappy salute, turned off 
the Kawasaki highway, and we were on 
our own. I mean. General MacArthur 
and his men were about 20 miles behind 
us. 

We kept going. "I don't see many 
troops," Don Petit said after a while. 

It was a slightly eerie feeling. I 
imagine skin-divers get it when they find 
themselves surrounded with nothing ex- 
cept fish. We jolted through Kawasaki. 
It had obviously been an industrial town, 
but it looked like the collection point 
for a scrap metal drive now. There was 
practically nothing left upright except 
a few dogs. The XXI Bomber Command 
of the Army Air Force had really been 
busy around here. 

Out of this vast rubble had sprung 
up one of the strangest towns this side 
of Tobacco Road. The surviving Japa- 
(Contimiecl on page 46) 



13 



By DAN DANIEL 

NATIONAL COMMANDER. 
THE AMERICAN LEGION 



T 




HE CONSTITUTION OF THE United 

States was planned not just for the 
period in which it was drafted, 
but for all time. Delegates to the Con- 
stitutional Convention therefore made it 
flexible enough to cover all foreseeable 
eventualities. 

"In framing a system which we wish 
to last for ages," said Madison, "we 
should not lose sight of changes which 
age will produce." 

Over the years our Constitution has 
been amended in accordance with pro- 
visions written into the Constitution it- 
self, but few people realize how many 
attempts have been made to change the 
Constitution's words and guarantees. 
When you next visit the Nation's Capi- 
tal, a few hours spent in the National Archives Building will 
prove enlightening on this score. There you will find pre- 
served 4250 proposed constitutional amendments.— a vast 
majority of which were not in our best interest — which men 
have tried to force on us, and which past Congresses had to 
study, warn against, and defeat. 

Here you will find the Constitution's enemies we escaped, 
sometimes by a frighteningly close margin. Each of our 
Congresses has had to consider between 40 and 80 constitu- 
tional changes, and it has been only through legislative vigi- 
lance and wisdom— and the alertness of citizens who sent 
Senators and Congressmen to Washington— that we have 
prevented ratification of ideas many groups wanted to effect, 
under which they could impose their peculiar ideologies on 
the rest of us. 

There was, for instance, the insistent Washington argu- 
ment that we had too many diverse States, that we would 
prosper better as a nation if States were abolished and the 
country divided into just four large territories. Unable to 
ride that through Congress the perpetrators came back, later, 
to another Congress, with a proposed amendment for giving 
the President authority to veto State laws. Failing to catch 
our ancestors ofT-guard, they came back again with a pro- 
posed amendment installing each President in federal power 
for life. 

Reading of past efforts to change the Constitution, some 
proposed amendments sound as ridiculous, today, as others 
were dangerous. One proposed amendment would have 
changed the name of our nation to "The United States of the 
Earth." The men behind that scheme returned with another 
proposal I'br name-changing: "The United .States of the 
World." Then the men who didn't like our Constitutional 
name tried again: We should renamed ourselves "America." 

We are not today, nor have we ever been, united states 
of the earth, or of the world; nor are we America. We are 
a sovereign part of the vast America that stretches from 
the Arctic to the Antarctic; our distinction is that we are 
the only united states of a republic in the hemisphere— The 
United States of America. The thought comes quickly to 
some of us, as we study these old defeated proposals, that 
our more recent Congressional sentinels failed us. as ap- 
praisers of deceptive semantics, when they ratified us into 
a 2()th Century "United Nations" which never were and 
never will be iiniled. 

Let's look at a few other proposed changes, while we are 
on the subject: Some among us tried to get Constitutional 

14 



Attacks 



Thousands of attempts have been made to 
chang-e our Constitution. Many of the proposed 
changes were ridiculous, others dangerous. 



amendments through our Congresses which would have 
prohibited ministers of the Gospel from holding public 
office; prohibited divorce; taken citizenship away from any 
man or woman who accepted any honor, present or "emolu- 
ment of any kind" from a foreign government; legalized the 
election of naturalized aliens as future Presidents; taxed all 
exports; substituted a federal law for our state laws regulat- 
ing marriages; prohibited citizens from marrying aliens; taxed 
incomes derived from state tax-free securities; authorized 
the federal government to conscript private property in 
emergencies or wartime without compensation to the owners. 

There have been more attempts to break down the Con- 
stitution's limitations on Presidential powers than any other 
subject. Over 450 amendments have been proposed for 




President Roosevelt and his first-term cabinet. In 
this administration the executive branch of govern- 
ment was anxious to get certain laws on the books. 
The 7.'ird Congress i)owed to the will of the White 
House, but the .Supreme Court checked much of 
this legislation by declaring it unconstitutional. 




A few words (li.iMi^cd luic .\iu\ there would give us a different kind of go\ friinu iit. 



changing our process of electing a President and 
for increasing a President's authorities while in 
office. Wisdom and alertness won all these battles. 
yVe The People, to make our national opinion legal, 
initiated and ratified our own Amendment, limiting 
each President to two terms. There are men in 
Washington, today, hard at work trying to propa- 




The present Supreme Court is being widely criticized 
because of decisions which provide legal loopholes 
for members of the communist conspiracy and crooks. 



gandize us into rescinding that wisdom by accepting a new amend- 
ment extending again the right of Presidential White House occu- 
pancy. 

Our two methods of expressing the purpose of the people by 
amendment of the Constitution are set forth in Article V. If 
two-thirds of the members of both houses of Congress think an 
amendment necessary. Congress can take the initiative and pro- 
pose the Aineiuiiiient. If the legislatures of two-thirds of our States 
think it necessary, and request it, Congress niiist call a Convention 
for the purpose of proposiii!^ the Aniendnient. In either case, there 
must be ratification of any amendment .so proposed by vote of 
three-fourths of the States, either through the legislature of the 
State or through a State Convention convened for that purpose. 
Therein We The People have a double check and final vote. 

Of the Amendments we have allowed, the first ten, known as 
our Bill of Rights, were proposed in the first Congress, .September, 
1789. By December 15, 1791, eleven of the original states ratified 
them. Since then we have concurred in the need for only 12 new 
Amendments. One of them, the 21st. was a second-look, better 
informed decision to wipe out a previously allowed Amendment, 
the 18th, by which we handed over to the federal government the 
power to prohibit the manufacture, transportation and sale of 
alcoholic liquors in any of our states. We regained that power 
from the federal bureaucracy and returned it to the states. We The 
People have approved an average of only (Continued on page 44) 

15 




A mobile jihone unit is no more con- 
.sjjicuoiis tlian :i regular car radio. 



By SAM G. WINGFIELD 

'""wTF ANYBODY CAN hear me, come down here quick— I've tipped 

I my truck over. . . ." 

These cryptic words muttered into a mobile radio-telephone 
saved the life of Jack Fischer, a logger, who was badly injured 
when his heavily loaded truck plunged down a 105-foot bluff near 
Prineville, Oregon. 

His message was heard 
by another logging truck 
a mile away, and a search 
was started immediately. 
After locating the mis- 
hap, the crew of the 
second truck used its 
telephone to summon 
medical assistance and an 
ambulance. They also 
used it to clear the log- 
ging road so the ambu- 
lance could remove the 
injured man at top speed. 

It was not so long ago 
when the harassed and weary business 
executive felt he would go nuts if he 
didn't get away from the jangling bell 
of the telephone. He would then head 
for the solace of the woodland's depths, 
entrain for the Far West, or start for 
Europe by steamship or plane. 

But he doesn't do so any more. Be- 
cause now that the telephone has teamed 
up with radio, it has acquired wheels 
and mobility, and it really goes places. 
It rides the roads, travels the trains, 
climbs the clouds, and goes to sea on 
everything from ocean liners to motor- 
boats. Today the executive would have 
a hard time finding a place where he 
could completely dodge it. 

Yet the mobile phone is by no means 
a new invention. As far back as 1915 
one of them was installed on a fire 
truck in Baltimore. In the twenties the 
Detroit Police Department was operat- 
ing a mobile station using the call let- 
ters KOP. 

It was not iiniil ihe end ol World 
War II, however, that its great possibili- 
ties were recognized and expanded. 
Huge strides had been made in com- 
munications. Thousands of GFs had 
become acustomed to telephoning from 
trucks, tanks, and jeeps, as they rolled 
along at 40 or 60 miles an hour. Many 
of them began to think and plan how 
they could apply this gadget to their 
own particular needs when they were 
hack in civvies again. 

In 1945 they got a tremendous assist 
from the Federal Communications 
Commission. It ruled that the radio- 
telephone, heretofore restricted to local 
and Federal government use, was now 
opened up to industry and the public 
in general. Since then its growth has 
been enormous. 

At the close of last year, according 
to the Wall Street Journal, there were 
nearly 62,000 licensed mobile telephone 
stations. (We are not talking here about 





fI()^vc■^c^, spate is required for the electronic eqiiijiment 
necessary to transmit and receive messages. The luggage 
compartment usually serves. \ good antenna is a must. 



the esiimated 40,000 stations used by 
police and fire departments throughout 
the country.) Each of these stations in- 
cludes a base transmitter and a varying 
number of mobile units; these mobile 
units run into the hundreds of thou- 
sands. It is estimated that more than 
$100,000,000 has been invested in the 
mobile units and their transmitters and 
that sales this year will run around 
$35,000,000. 

Basically there are two types of radio- 
phone operations that lend themselves 
to use on motor vehicles. 

There's the Bell Method, operated by 
the telephone companies. This gives car 



riders the identical 
service they now get 
at office and home. 
It permits them to make and receive 
local and long-distance calls. Likewise 
they can converse two-ways, person-to- 
person, with anyone who can get on a 
phone, at any time, day or night. 

The monthly cost for this is a rental 
that will run in the neighborhood of 32 
dollars. This includes maintenance, and 
20 three-minute telephone calls free of 
charge. Additional calls are billed at 30 
cents each. In some localities the call 
rate is slightly higher. A 50-dollar 
charge is made for installing the equip- 
ment. Full particulars on the Bell Sys- 
tem may be obtained by calling any Bell 
Telephone business office. 



.\ typical clearing ► 
center for messages, ty- 
ing in both radio and 
tele])hone, is Telephone 
Message Service of Yon- 
kers, oi)erated by Ed 
Steiner of Yonkers, N. Y. 
This is primarily a tele- 
j)hone-answering serv- 
ice, but subscribers can 
also have mobile j)hone 
service permitting them 
to be reached anywhere. 






telephone acquires a new dimension. 




The second system, the Miscellaneous 
Common Carrier, generally called the 
MCC, differs from the Bell method in 
that the parties making the call do not 
necessarily talk person-to-person. MCC 
functions something like a teletype, ex- 
cept that it is wireless and verbal. A call 
is made by phone to the radio dispatch- 
er. He is given a message for the occu- 
pant of a car or truck. He then contacts 
the vehicle and delivers the message. 
Should there be an answer, the dispatch- 
er takes it and relays it to the caller. 

In this system the client has the option 
of rental or outright purchase. The 
rental is $17.50 per month, plus a serv- 
ice charge of about $18 or $20 depend- 
ing upon the number of calls. 

To purchase, the price would be ap- 
proximately $500 for the phone mecha- 
nism and parts. The service charge 
would be the same. In either case there 
would be an installation fee of $25. 

MCC is usually operated through a 
telephone-answering service. These are 
the people who for pay will legally tap 
your telephone line. Then during your 
absence from home or office they receive 
your phone calls and relay them to you 
upon your return. Also, when needed, 
they mobilize -doctors, nurses, and am- 
bulances, and alert hospitals in catas- 
trophes such as fires, wrecks, explosions, 
and cyclones. 

Business and industrial concerns 
whose operations necessitate the use of 
many motor vehicles usually prefer to 
get an FCC-assigned frequency and 



operate their own mo- 
bile communications. 
These installations are 
often custom made and 
tailored to fit the needs 
of a particular business or industry. 

Their costs vary widely, according to 
Harold White, of Federal Telephone 
and Radio Co., a division of Interna- 
tional Telephone and Telegraph Corp. 
The main factors are the number of ve- 
hicles to be equipped, the area to be 
covered, and the degree of dependability 
desired. 

Those desiring information on this 
can get it by writing to the Federal 
Communications Commission, Wash- 
ington 25, D. C, or by contacting elec- 
tronic manufacturers such as Federal 
Radio of I. T. & T., Motorola, R. C. A., 
DuMont, or General Electric. Virtually 
all of these companies have branch 
offices or representatives in the larger 
towns and cities. 

To the average person the mobile 
phone is something confined exclusively 
to police cars and taxicabs. Nothing 
could be more wrong. There seems to 
be no limit to the uses to which they 
are being put by business, industry, the 
professions, and a countless number of 
just plain citizens. These uses run the 
gamut, good or bad, from one extreme 
to another. 

A redheaded lady in a midwestern 
city had a two-way radiotelephone in- 
stalled in her brandnew snowy-white 
Cadillac convertible. With some reason, 




This ambulance, operating in Nutley, N. J., 
is one of many which can be reached without 
delay by means of the mobile telephone. 




Boy Scouts of Troop 1, Bronxville, 
N. Y., learn how the outfit works. 

as a member of the oldest profession, she 
listed herself with the answering service 
as a "saleslady." 

In contrast, a minister in Fort Lauder- 
dale, Fla., finds his automobile tele- 
phone a valuable asset in his congrega- 
tional work. 

{Continued on page 54) 



17 



By PAUL HARVEY 

Dant^er siu'is of delinqiteucy , such as 
truancy, dishonesty or disobedience, 
must be recognized early and, where 
faihtre is evident, constructive action 
is imperative. The program of Paul 
Harvey bringing these early symptoms 
of juvenile delinquency to the atten- 
tion of parents is indeed commendable 
and most worthwhile. 

.1 . Edgar Hoover. Director 
Federal Bureau of Investigation 




Zi|) guns, kni\e.s. and a whip taken 
tioni young New Yoik City hoodhinis. 



IN MADISON. WIS., whcn a 14-year- 
old boy had admitted 6 1 burglaries, 
his mother said, "it's impossible!"' 
Four teen-agers from Worcester, 
Mass., last July "decided to look for a 
drunk to roll." They found a 70-year- 
old unemployed painter, beat him to 
death, got 1 2 cents. 

Jn Detroit mothers confess that they 
have been giving their youngsters a 
nickel or dime for "protection." The 
younger ones pay tribute to older chil- 
dren or face "getting stomped." 

One 1 ."^-year-old was slugged with a 
lead pipe and kicked in the head and 
face. 

In Brooklyn members of the Youth 
Board, seeking to settle a war between 
rival gangs, had to run for cover when 
the teen-agers grew tired of the peace 
talks and started waving zip guns around 
the room. 

•Something is badly wrong when a 
generation is being terrorized by its own 
children. Yet, in all the oratory up to 
now, we've had accusations, protesta- 
tions and questions— but no answers. 

In Wheeling, W. Va., there is a club 
for teen-age boys called the "Pigeon 
Killing Club." 

Membership requires that a boy put 
his hand over the barrel of a BB gun 
and take a solemn vow to kill pigeons 
and "never to show mercy to a wounded 
one." 

Parents learned about the club only 
when one of the young boys was found 
with his skull split from front to back 
and his throat slashed with a knife. 

The two charged with murder were 
the ringleaders of the "Pigeon Killing 



SYMPTOMS of 
DELINQUENCY 

Juvenile crime can be prevented if 
parents watch out for certain danger signs. 



J. Edgar Hoover says, "There is now 
one delinquent in every 18 youngsters 
between the ages of 15 and 17 inclu- 
sive." 

He says the numbei- is increasing. 
That we are "heading into a crime wave 
of grave proportions." 

Mr. Hoover says that the teen-age 
criminals do not come from the slum 
areas. That the majority of them are 
healthy, bright, and physically strong. 

I know this is shattering some of our 
pet theories, but his findings are irref- 
utable. 

What to do about it? Mr. Hoover sug- 
gests we "stop molly-coddling juvenile 
criminals." That we "impose sterner 
penalties and restrictions on young law- 
breakers." 

So much for that. 

I have two specific suggestions. Pick- 
ing up where Mr. Hoover leaves oflf, I 
would like to propose two steps toward 
discouraging crime. 

My recommendations had their ori- 
gin on the Cicero side of Chicago, where 
somebody dies violently so frequently 
that it doesn't even make the front 
page anymore. 

I respect the social service workers 
and their theories which seek to excuse 
and explain rather than punish the 
criminal. I think their intentions are 
good and their eflorts are noble. 

But they haven't been getting the job 
done. 

So, from living very Close to where 
the stench is strongest, I recommend 
two things. 

Make the death sentence mandatory 
lor dope pushers. 

Second, for certain other criminals, 
public whipping. 

Please don't get mad and stop reading 



Club." Each of them is 14 years old. 

Now the parents are asking them- 
selves what went wrong. 

Now they ask! 

More than half of all the car thieves 
in the United States are under 18. 



PHOTOS BY ANGELA CALOMIRIS 




One danger sign is a hostile and unco- 
operative attitude toward the family. 




I lie ( iiild IS < riiel to animals is 



likely to act viciously to people. 



18 





at this point. If you and I were totally 
agreed on everything, there'd be no 
sense in this exchange of views. Let me 
finish. 

If the dope pushers— the depraved 
hoodlums who sell the stuff to high 
school youngsters— were faced with a 
mandatory death sentence, if they knew 
it was mandatory, that no legal cunning 
or political conniving could get them 
off the hook, I sincerely believe it would 
scare them off. Without hired help, the 
syndicate bosses who import the weed 
would wither on the vine. Experts on 
delinquency agree that traffic in nar- 



cotics is the lifeline of organized crime. 

I do not believe we have the courage 
to call this hideous form of slow murder 
by its right name and punish its per- 
petrators as they should be punished. 

But I'll wager 
the city crooks 
would be just as 
impressed as the 
Texas boss thieves 
were by the pros- 
pect of a necktie 
party. 

These vertical 
swine who sell 



The thiee kids shown above were lu-ld l)y Fern- 
dale, Mich., [)olice tor vandalism costing $2,000. 
At right, an all-loo-comnion sight these days. 



Discipline used to be considered a personal 
problem, but today we try to delegate the job. 

narcotics are base creatures who are left 
totally unperturbed by the traditional 
"six months probation." 

But dust off the electric chairs, and 
you're talking a language they'd respect. 

You say there must be a better way. 
I hope so. Because I know we haven't 
what it takes to employ this method, 
and the one we're using has us heading 
into a "crime wave of grave propor- 
tions." 

The way things are now, the Halsted 
Street hoodlum returns from a stretch 
in stir to his old neighborhood and he's 
a hero. 

I mean it, a prison record makes him 
something special. Sort of a "Diablo of 
Distinction." 

The con who's done "big time" in 
Sing Sing. Leavenworth, or The Rock 
is the idol of every wet-eared kid on the 
street. 

Suppose, instead of just pampering 
this punk for a few months at taxpayers' 
expense, we take the fellow out in 
front of the precinct hoosegow and 

PPG — ROBERT W. YOUNO 





The boy at left was ioiiiul dead in 
New York after a dope party. Above 
are ini|>lements used by drug addicts. 

strip him to the waist and ad- 
minister a thorough, properly 
supervised whipping? 

Now wait a minute. Don't 
get so suddenly righteous. This 
thing beat up a pregnant house- 
wife for her purse! Or maybe 
he was a Pachuco. Members of 
that gang are forced to beat 
up one man over 70 years of 
age to prove they are emotion- 
less. That is supposed to prove 
they're tough. That's a require- 
ment of membership. 

Maybe he wouldn't look so 
tough, maybe it would de- 
(CoiUiniieJ on page 37) 

19 



POSTS MAKE BASK PROGRAMS COME AllVE 




North Dakota Boys State is limited by size ot latililies. 
There's always a waiting list as civic groups join Posts 
in sponsoring statewide average of two boys per commiinitv. 




$75,000 lighted ballj)ark oi Pom ;>. Diikinsou. Mhcit li57 
boys play Legion ball. Junior Baseball started in the Da- 
kotas. North Dakota has two leagues in the nat'l program. 




Lounge in home of Post 1, Bismarck. North Dakota Posts 
have huge investments in bright, new, sparkling clubhouses. 
Legionnaires gang up on any Post that becomes mere tavern. 




Devotion to mutual helpfulness. Members of Post 103, in 
Kcnsal, North Dakota, turn out to thresh the wheat of com- 
rade J. L. Neva, who was being treated in a vets hospital. 




By ROBERT B. PITKIN 



THE APPROACH of fall Heralds The American 
Legion's annual membership drive. The 
thoughts of every elected and appointed official 
turn to the more necessary than enjoyable question 
of how to get the old members to pay their dues 
promptly, and how— most efficiently— to enroll desir- 
able new members. 

It is a time to speculate more than usual on how 
North Dakota does it. The American Legion in North 
Dakota— a vast, thinly populated state— is the colossus 
of membership achievement in The Legion. Just about 
half of all the war veterans in the state— whose total 
population is roughly that of Newark, N. J.— are 
Legionnaires. 

Nationally, this is the best record in attracting 
eligible vets: so there is a general conviction that 
North Dakota knows something worth learning. 

As a matter of fact, there is very little in The 
American Legion in North Dakota that is not familiar 



FEW OF THE MANY OUTSTANDING LEGION LEADER! 




Judge 
James Morris, 
Bismarck 



Nate 
Cummings, 
Oakes 



\Vayne 
Seelhammer, 
Cogswell 



Stub 

Noyes, 
Beach 



20 




incredible 



American Legio 





elsewhere. When asked directly what 
his membership "secret" is. North Da- 
kota Adjutant Jack Williams— who has 
been on the job ever since 1919— pulls 
on his nose and says: "We just have an 
active Legion and we try to run an 
efficient operation, I 
guess." 

Jack doesn't guess. 
He knows. Active Le- 
gion programs, a gen- 
eral dedication of the 
membership to Legion 
ideals, and a high-class 
leadership interested 
in the good of the Le- 
gion are the chief "se- 
crets" North Dakota has. 

More than anything else. North Da- 
kota's operation proves again that the 
way to have a lot of members is to hew 
to Legion fundamentals all year, with 




Bill Stern. 
Fargo 



precise attention to the many details that 
will produce the highest level of Legion 
accomplishment. 

The state's membership campaign it- 
self is only a part of the story. But it is 
interesting to note that in North Dakota 
the membership campaign is all over 
before Christmas. It starts in Septem- 
ber and is wrapped up in three months. 
This clears the decks for action on posi- 
tive Legion programs— which get undi- 
vided attention from January on and 
help maintain the reputation that makes 
the next year's membership drive easier. 

There are no District or County 
Commanders in North Dakota. Recog- 
nizing that this is perhaps the most im- 
portant position of leadership, North 
Dakota Legionnaires have created an 
equivalent position whose title is Dis- 
trict Deputy. The title indicates a built- 
(Continued on page 39) 



I NORTH DAKOTA 




Mr. and Mrs. Jack Williams, Adjutant 
and Assistant Adjutant ol the North 
Dakota American Legion since 1919. 
They made a career ot working lor 
the good of The American Legion. 




Stanibaiigh Mrs. Morris 

Lynn Stanibaugh. Fargo; Mrs. James 
Morris, Bismarck; and John Clonmy, 
Fargo, have headed the nat'l Legion, 
Auxiliary, and 40&:8 res[)ectivel y. 




Triunan 
Rishriidt, 
Jamestown 



Pat 
Milloy, 
W ahpeton 



Lars 
Stennes, 
Drayton 



Don Frank Perry Ernie 

Newberger, Traynor, Goss, Tollefson, 

Bottineau New Town Carrington Regent 



George 
Marl)ack, 
Mandan 



Mel 
Christianson, 
Minnewaukan 

21 




By ROBERT UHL 

^^V* TARTLFD OUT OF slccp by my 
wife's clutching hand and shrill 
1^ whisper, "Someone's down- 
stairs." I knew I was on stage again in 
a familiar, unfunny comedy. No one 
was downstairs. No one ever is. Yet my 
skin was creeping; my hair was on end. 
Vague shadows seemed to stir in the 
darkness beyond our open bedroom 
door. There were sounds, hard to locate 
exactly, but definitely sounds; creakings, 
rustlings, something that might be the 
hoarse, half-suppressed breathing of a 
criminal; something that might be— that 
uY/.v— a stealthy footstep. 

What should 1 do? My wife said, as 
always. '"Don't move," which gave me 
an easy out. No one is a coward just be- 
cause he obeys his wife. But should I 
call the police? We could be murdered 
before they came. Or, more likely, they'd 
come, circle the house, find nothing 
amiss, and listen to my lame explana- 
tions while I felt like someone's maiden 
aunt. We could spend the night trem- 
bling in bed, with the covers figuratively 
or literally pulled over our heads, 




Your life may hinge on what you do if, late 
at night, you awake to hear a stealthy footstep. 




That gun may save your life, 
but don't use it unless you 
have tried everything else. 

robbed of needed sleep, to find an un- 
disturbed house in the morning. I could 
call "Who's there?" in a shaky voice 
that proved my lack of manhood; 1 
could yell or fire a shot out the window 
and face the anxious replies of my neigh- 
bors, followed by their unbelieving, re- 
sentful, or contemptuous reassurances. 
Or I could take my gun, creep down- 
stairs, and either get killed or, finding 
no one, kick the cat and come up brave- 
ly, scornfully reassure my wife, and go 
back to a hero's sleep. Which is what I 
did, as I have done countless times be- 
fore. So, probably, have you. 

This is a favorite subject for cartoon 
artists. There's even a comic song from 
Gilbert and Sullivan which runs: "What 
was THAT? It was the CAT!" But when 
you are an actor in this little drama, it is 
no joke. Fear is never funny, and in- 
truders, real or imagined, cause one of 



the commonest terrors of modern life. 
Police protection in this country is good, 
but your daily newspaper will testify 
that it is by no means foolproof. There 
are ten times as many burglaries as ar- 
rests for burglary every year, although, 
of course, one arrest may solve a num- 
ber of individual crimes. Housebreakers, 



burglars, and sex maniacs do exist; dope 
increases the boldness and brutality of 
criminals. What are we supposed to do 
about it? 1 was astonished to discover 
how many contradictory opinions exist 
and how vehement people can get on 
this subject. 

Law enforcement authorities are 










1 









r.cloic \(>ii t;i'i a li.i M(I<;iin. find out about j)olice 
regulations governing ownership oi such weapons. 



Having a gun isn't enough. You 
must also learn how to use it. 



22 



PHOTOS BY DONATO LEO 




Jerry Lewis. When Jerry answered, the 
stranger shoved a piece of paper in his 
hand. The note began: "I want to 
kill . . ." Lewis read that far, then 
slammed the door, set off a silent bur- 
glar alarm, and got his 38-caliber re- 
volver from a desk. The suspect was 
prowling around behind the house. Mr. 
Lewis rushed out and held him at bay 
with the gun until police arrived. 

There's another side to the coin too: 




son or to death or injury from the gun 
of an intruder. Nor are there statistics 
on how often rape or assault is com- 
mitted or attempted in the home. If such 
figures did exist, they would be invalu- 
able in helping a man to decide whether 
or not it is wise to keep a loaded gun 
at hand for defense. 

A much more serious hazard result- 
ing from loaded firearms in the home 
comes from accidents through children 
or inexperienced people 
finding, examining, and 
playing with them. The 
danger is greatest when 
there are teen-age boys 
in the family. Even here, 
clear-cut statistics are un- 
obtainable. Accidental 
death of a child is so hor- 
rible that there is inevit- 
able exaggeration of the 




unanimous in their opposition to the 
idea of resistance by the householder un- 
less he is actually attacked. They want 
you to call the police and wait as quiet- 
ly as possible for the prowl car to arrive. 
This does not mean that the police want 
a monopoly on heroics. It is their ex- 
perience that the householder is more 
likely to get killed or injured and the 
burglar more likely to escape, if private 
citizens try to apprehend or even to 
scare off an intruder. They are particu- 
larly adamant against any attempt by 
the homeowner to use or even to have a 
defensive weapon like a revolver. Yet 
sometimes you can't wait for the police. 

A few months ago, Walter Blanken- 
ship of Columbus. Ohio, woke to hear 
his 12-year-old daughter scream: 
"Daddy, daddy, a man. a man." She 
ran into his bedroom. Mrs. Blanken- 
ship fled downstairs and out the door, 
seeking help. Mr. Blankenship rushed 
to the doorway between the two bed- 
rooms. He was hurled back by the rap- 
ist, and shot to death. The killer escaped. 

Mr. Blankenship was unarmed. Yet 
no one can suggest that he should not 
have come to the aid of his child. If he 
had had a loaded gun at his bedside, he 
might have had a chance, not only to 
have saved his life, but to have killed or 
captured a maniac who would probably 
commit other horrible crimes before his 
inevitable capture. 

In Hollywood, recently, a wild-eyed 
stranger rang the doorbell of comedian 



To prevent accidents, make sure that 
all members of your family are in bed. 

Accidents. The whole country was shocked when 
the famous sportsman William Woodward, owner 
of the racehorse Nashua, was mistaken for an in- 
truder by his wife, and killed with a shotgun blast. 
Someone, it later developed, was actually trying 
to get into the house that night. The Woodwards 
slept in separate bedrooms. Both were awakened; 
both got up and went to the hall— Mrs. Woodward 
with a loaded shotgun. She saw a figure and fired. 
It was her husband. 

There are no available statistics to prove which 
of these examples is most typical. We 
don't know, for example, whether there 
are more or fewer cases where posses- 
sion of a gun might have given or did 
give the homeowner a chance to pro- 
tect his family than there are cases 
where possession of a firearm led to an 
accidental shooting of an innocent per- 




An ii|>s(airs phone may per- 
mit you to alert the police. 




A shot fired out the window 
may frighten the intruder, 
but Hrc i( into the ground. 



frequency. According to the Metropoli- 
tan Life Insurance Co., some 173 acci- 
dental deaths from all kinds of firearms 
occur in or around the home during an 
average year. However, only a small but 
undetermined fraction of these involve 
(Conliiiiicl on pai^e 50) 



23 



By HANK FELSEN 



THE RISK of being hissed out 
of the pool hall, having my 
utilities cut off. and the air let 
out of my bicycle tires, 1 have a con- 
fession to make. Once, I was a Marine 
Corps Drill Instructor. 

If you have been reading the papers 
recently, or were once a Marine, you 
probably have me pictured as a fierce, 
hulking, vitriolic brute, who teased, tor- 
tured, and terrified whole platoons of 
helpless recruits. 

Ah — would that this idyllic picture 
were true! 

The man you have in mind was my 
D.I. 

When I was enlisted in the Marine 
Corps, I was no different from any 
other recruit. I was a stupid, knuckle- 
headed feather merchant (of the rear 



I was a knuckleliead, a 
disgrace to the C^orps. 





He snapped the rifle to me, and 
I caught it right in the face. 

rank), a miserable, pale, trembling, in- 
ept, skinheaded disgrace to the Corps; 
a furtive yardbird who saluted pfc's, 
called corporals "Sir," and believed ser- 
geants ranked below the commander in 
chief only in the matter of time served 
in grade. I weighed 135 pounds (all 
fat) ; I towered nearly five feet, six 
inches high; I was bothered by sinus 
trouble, a nervous stomach, homesick- 
ness, and migraine headaches; and I was 
allergic to liquefied hamburger served 
on toast. 

As such a recruit, I confidently as- 
sumed my future would be the same as 
any other Marine's. I expected to be 
shipped to some remote, humid, enemy- 
occupied, snake-infested, disease-ridden 
Pacific island where, on patrol and in 
foxhole, I would soon recover from the 
sufferings and discomfort of my recruit 
training. Thence, to a combat area. 

Instead, I was ordered to Drill In- 
structor's School. 

I was delighted. Somehow the Marine 
Corps had cleverly guessed that my in- 
ability to carry out orders indicated that 
I was born to !>ive them. Becoming a 
D.I. meant the realization of a lifelong 
dream. Although I was physically small 
and weak, I had a big, tough, mean 

24 



'I was a D.I. 



A former Marine Corps drill instructor 
recalls the good old days at Parris Island. 




Following orders, the platoon kept coming, right over my prostrate body. 



heart, and a vicious attitude toward my 
fellow men. I looked forward to being 
in a position where I could lord it over 
others, terrorize and punish them, and 
where they wouldn't dare talk or hit 
back. 

As well as being mean, I was also 
lazy, and the D.l. job appealed to me 
on that score. I yearned for the day 
when I could stroll about disdainfully, 



dressed in starched khaki, with my 
swagger stick tucked under my arm; the 
day when I would loll in the shade, 
cursing those who toiled in the sun; the 
day I would inhabit comfortable quar- 
ters, with recruits to run my errands 
and do my dirty work. Being a D.I. 
meant being based close to a liberty 
town, and — so forth. It meant leader- 
ship, command, and absolute authority, 




It p.i: 



It meant, first of all, Drill Instructor's 
School. 

I don't remember too much about the 
school. The first afternoon, someone 
stepped on my head while I was lying 
on my rug during naptime, and things 
stayed fuzzy until after graduation. I do 
remember sighing for the good old, 
happy, carefree days as a recruit— which 
should give you some idea of the cur- 
riculum. 

I came out of the school limping, 
bruised, twisted, insulted, and burning 
for revenge against those responsible 
for my sufferings— the helpless recruits 
soon to be mine! 



95 



Determined to be as cruel and 
terrible as the law allowed, I de- 
cided to pattern my behavior after 
that of my own D.I. He was a 
man who stood six feet four, and 
weighed 250 pounds. He had a 
voice like a foghorn and a glare 
that made strong men weak and 
weak men fall out for Sick Call. 
I had always thought it was his 
size and strength that had terri- 
fied us, but now 1 knew better. It 
was the authority of the Marine 
Corps, represented by the stripe 
on the sleeve, that produced the 
awe and trembling. My stature 
was half my old D.I.'s but my pfc 
stripe was just as big. 

I went down to meet my 
platoon of pale, miserable, 
frightened, puny recruits. But 
my old D.I. got that platoon. 
I was given another group, 
composed of 65 professional 
football players who had enlisted 
together. Ignoring their size, I 
proceeded to strike terror into 
their hearts. 

"You are my people!" I 
cried, losing half my 




"Try to kill me with that bayonet," 
I said. I woke u j> in sick bay. 



ILLUSTRATED BY 
HOWARD BRODIE 




I told them to cross the line if tlie\ thought 
they could lick ine, and 65 men came at me. 




The final blow came when I lost one of my 
emits. Nobody could figure out where he w 



words to the wind. "From now on you 
will take all your orders from me, or you 
will be sorry! If anybody here doesn't 
like that idea, just step forward, and I 
will tear you up like wet tissue paper! 
I will stomp you into the ground like a 
tack!" 

Sixty-five men stepped forward. 

I stepped back and drew a line in the 
sand. "Anybody who thinks it's worth 
20 years in a naval prison to hit me 
will cross this line.'" 

Thirty men crossed the line. 1 stepped 
back and drew another. "How many of 
you people are willing to face a firing 
squad by taking a punch at me?" 

Eight men stepped across the line. 

"You eight men." I said, "will be my 
(Continued on pat^e 49) 

25 





PROftCON 



Presenting both sides of big issues facing the nation 
THIS MONTH'S SUBJECT: 
SHOULD WE RELAX OUR BARRIERS ON TRADE WITH RED CHINA? 

(PRO) Any discussion of trade with Red China must begin, in my opinion, with the position that the question 
of trade restrictions has no relation to the separate questions of recognition of Red China, or of her admission 
to the UN. I am opposed to both actions, as I am unaherably opposed to the totaUtarian government which 
alleges to represent the people of China. But I believe that the distinction between the people and their 
government is in this case a matter of real and tragic fact, and it is to the people, on a basis that is a humani- 
tarian one, that we must direct our efforts. For no matter how violently we object to the politics of Red 
China, the people themselves must not feel we have abandoned them. 

There is no better way, and indeed no other effective way to do this than to remove the restrictions 
on those goods that have a direct impact on their standard of living. This would naturally exclude materials 
that would be strategic to any war effort. However, by limiting trade to those items which contribute to a 
better way of life for the individual, we would not aid or condone Chinese communism, but rather block its 
progress. Just as it was the influence of the free world in Hungary which fired discontent to revolution, so 
greater contact with China will abet the cause of Democracy. 

Our current policy is rooted in negative foundation, and can only hurt the United States without coming 
close to achieving its purpose. There can be no question that the existing restrictions on China trade is 
damaging our own economy. Every other major nation is benefiting from trade in which we deserve a share. 
Moreover, by standing alone in this matter, we leave ourselves open to the justified criticism that we are a 
petulant people who do not deserve the leadership of free nations. America is capable of true and effective 
leadership against the communist threat. As in Europe, so in Asia, we can succeed by reaching the people 
directly by limited extension of trade. 




James Roosevelt 'D) Member ol Congress from 26th District, California 

(CON) I firmly believe that any relaxation of our barriers on trade with Red China would be at this time 
inadvisable and contrary to the best interests of our Nation. 

As long as the communist regime in China continues its aggressive policies, we should do all we can to 
isolate it from sources of potential war strength. We are doing this at present, by curtailing Western trade 
with Red China. Our policy in this respect has been carefully reviewed over a period of years by the Com- 
mittee on Foreign Affairs. I believe that it has proved effective. 

Red China is intent upon dominating the Far East. It has c big edge over other nations of that region 
because of its size, population, and close ties with Moscow. If our trade policies should be changed so as 
to aid Red China in growing even stronger, we will be — in effect — supporting the communists' drive to 
dominate the Far East. 

The purpose of our mutual security program is to thwart communist growth and expansion. Does it 
make sense to give military and economic aid to our allies and friends so that they may stand up more strongly 
against communism and then turn around and relax controls that will help build up the communists? 

There are other, equally compelling reasons why we should not lift our restrictions on trade with Red 
China. One of those reasons is the 450 American servicemen whom the communists still refuse to account 
for as prisoners of war. 

My subcommittee has been investigating what has been done to obtain a full accounting for, and a 
release of, these men. As long as our boys are being held prisoners by Red China, common sense would 
dictate that we keep our trump cards in reserve. 

The fact that Red China has been arming and providing communist soldiers and armies for North 
Korea, in open violation of the truce agreement; that it has been bombarding the off-shore islands near 
Formosa; and that it has generally displayed a belligerent attitude toward its neighbors — these are very 
good reasons for going slow on any resumption of trade with that regime. 

If we are going to live by what we preach, let's not start aiding the biggest bully of the Far East. 

If the United States should decide to help the communists in China, is it reasonable to ask or expect 
anyone else in Asia to resist them? Such a policy could lead only to loss of Asia. 



Clement J. Zablocki CD') Member of Congress from 4th District, Wisconsin 
Tlic .AirR-rifan Logion's stand is: We stroiii^ly oppose any relaxation ol the embargo against trade with Red China 
25 • THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 



VETERANS 




A DIGEST OF EVENTS WHICH ARE OF PERSONAL INTEREST TO YOU 



NEW HAMPSHIRE PUTS DEADLINE 
ON WW2 AND KOREA BOUNUSES: 

New Hampshire's WW2 and Korea bonuses, which 
have been operating without a deadline on applica- 
tions, have a deadline imposed by the 1957 session 
of the General Court. . . . Applications for both 
bonuses will now close as of July 1 , 1 958 . . . . 
Eligibles who resided in New Hampshire on entry into 
war service apply to: Adjut ant General . State 
Military Reservation . Concord. N . H . 

COSTS or TRAVELING FOR LEGION BY 
UNPAID OrnCERS IS TAX DEDUCTIBLE: 

Recent ruling of Internal Revenue Service held 
that traveling expenses incurred in connection 
with performance of o ffici al duties as an uncom- 
p ensated officer and member of certain organiza- 
tions, including The American Legion, are d eductible 
for income tax purposes as charitable c ontribu- 
t ion s ■ . . . Presumably delegates and alternates 
who pay their own expenses to official Legion 
gatherings in Districts, Departments and nation- 
ally would benefit by this ruling, as would officers 
and committee members attending various official 
Legion area and state conferences. 

Legion employes traveling on business may 
already deduct legitimate travel expenses in excess 
of travel allowance as business expenses . by first 
including travel allowance as taxable income and 
then deducting complete actual cost of travel . 



VA compensation and pension to widows and most 
children of deceased vets is not affected, as these 
benefits are based on death rather than disability. 
• • • Death compensation and pension to helpless 
children is deducted from Social Security disability 
benefits because, besides being based upon a death, 
they are based on the helpless condition of the 
child (such a "child" can be a person of any age . ) 

:|: ^ ^ * 

MANY WWI VETS DIDN'T KNOW THEIR 
INSURANCE COULD MATURE FOR DISABILITY: 

Publication in "Newsletter" last month of 
advice that many WWI vets could stop paying pre- 
miums and start drawing benefits under their USGLI 
insurance policies, if disabled, has resulted in 
many successful applications for such relief from 
high premiums and drawing of benefits. . . . Inci- 
dentally, the current VA form for applying for this 
change is form 9-357c . . . . VA has ceased using form 
9-579, which was cited here last month as the one 
to use . 

BOOKS ON VETERANS BENEFITS: 

American Red Cross has discontinued publishing 
changes and corrections to its handbook of infor- 
mation concerning servicemen and veter a ns , will no 
longer keep such information current. . . . "News- 
letter" sympathizes. . . . Rapid changes justify 
Red Cross ending attempts to keep up between covers 
of one volume . 



DEDUCTION OF VETS COMPENSATION FROM 
SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS IS OUTLAWEDt 

The President, on July 17, signed HR6191 , whose 
section 2 ends the deduction of veterans compen- 
sation from Social Security disability benefits. 
. . . Legion Legislative Commission was active in 
securing passage. . . . Bill now becomes Public 
Law 85-109. . . . This bill was subject of major 
article in our News Section in August issue. . . . 
Dep't of Health, Education and Welfare had opposed 
it, but both House and Senate passed it. . . . The 
bill is an amendment to the Social Security Act. 

The new law also extends for an additional year 
(to July 1, 1958) opportunity for the disabled to 
apply for a retroactive disability freeze on their 
Social Security coverage. 

Other Federal and some state disability benefits 
will still be subtracted from Social Security dis- 
ability payments . . . . These include: (1) veterans 
pensions, for non-service-connected disability; 
(2) officers disability retirement pay; (3) VA 
death compensation and pension payments for help- 
less children of deceased veterans. 

American Legion is opposed to the above deduc- 
tions as well, maintains there is no relation be- 
tween Social Security and disability benefits to 
which there is other entitlement, will continue to 
work for their elimination. 



"Newsletter" does not plug any book that wraps 
up vets benefits in a single volume, although a few 
such books are excellent. . . . Changes in laws and 
regulations quickly outmode them. . . . Only re- 
cently a Korea vet was advised by a public official 
(who referred to one of the best books on vets bene- 
fits published) that it was too late for him to 
apply for Korea GI educational benefits. ... So 
he didn't apply. . . . But Congress had extended the 
deadline after book was published. . . . Before the 
vet found that out the new deadline had passed away. 

The better books on vets' benefits are fine as 
gener al guides . but no vet should stake his rights 
on an ything less than the best current a dvice from 
a competent and alert veterans service officer. 

LIFE MEMBERSHIPS IN THE AMERICAN LEGION: 

Publication of names of life members of The 
American Legion on these pages has drawn many 
queries about life memberships. . . . Here are some 
facts : 

There is no nation al life membership plan. . . . 
Nationally, membership is annual only. . . . Dif- 
ferences in dues structures of Departments have 
been obstacles to a Nat ' 1 plan. 

Four Depa rtme nts (Kansas, Maryland, Ohio and 
Texas) have life membership plans that regulate how 
life memberships will be provided for, within those 



THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEI'TIMUER ]957 • 27 



Dep'ts. ... If any other Dep'ts have such plans, 
they have not been reported to "Newsletter". 

However, any Post in a Department not governed 
by Dep't life membership rules may give a life 
membership to a comrade by obligating itself to pay 
his annual Nat ' 1 and Pep ' t dues for life . 

Such awards are usually a token of the esteem 
in which the life member is held by his comrades, 
and they recognize outstanding service to The Ameri- 
can Legion. . . . Each Post is the judge of whom it 
will so honor . 

It is customary to give life members a gold ($50 
plus 10% Fed. tax) or silver ($21 plus 10% Fed. 
tax) life membership card, engraved with : (a) life 
member's name, (b) the Post name, (c) date of award 
and (d) the signatures of the Post Commander and 
Adjutant. . . . Such cards may be bought on 3 weeks 
minimum notice, with samples of signatures for 
engraving, from the Legion's Nat ' 1 Emblem Sales 
Division, P.O. Box 1055, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Gold and silver life membership cards do not 
constitute payment of annual dues for life. . . . 
Annual membership cards must still be issued, and 
Nat ' 1 and Dep't dues must be paid annually, other- 
wise life member is no life member, nor even a mem- 
ber. . . . (Dep'ts with life membership plans 
require payment of an actuarially computed lump 
sum to cover lifetime dues) . 

In July 1955, this magazine began to publish 
names of all Legionnaires now living who have been 
given a life membership by their Posts which: 

(a) Are reported to the editors over the signa- 
ture of a proper Post official, and include the year 
of the award, and 

(b) Have not been previously published. 

As of July 17, 1957 a total of 2,476 names had 
been properly reported of which 1,543 had been 
published in the order received. 

* * * * 
VA EMPOWERED TO CONTROL 
DISCOUNTS ON GI HOME LOANS: 

Public Law 85-104, enacted July 12, has em- 
powered the Veterans Administration to fix "reason- 
able limits" on "charges, fees, and discounts" 
imposed by lenders in making GI home loans. . . . 
As most GI loans now made are discounted by the 
lenders to make up for the low interest rate, VA 
control may further reduce the traffic in GI home 
loans, and illustrate more clearly the ineffective- 
ness of the program to operate successfully under 
the present unrealistic 4^^% interest rate. . . . 
Korea vets, today, are getting negligible benefit 
from VA loan guarantees, due to unattractive 
interest ceiling. 

* * * * 

NAVY PERSONS CAN BE MEMORIALIZED 
BY GIFT TO NEW ACADEMY STADIUM: 

The Naval Academy Ass'n is building a brand new 
Ncvy-Marine Corps Memorial Stadium at the U. S. 
Naval Academy in Annapolis, Md., with 31,000 seats, 
to be adorned with memorial plaques and various 
state flags. . . . Ass'n has raised one million of 
three million dollars for project . . . . Congress 
has not appropriated money for stadia at any of the 
service academies. 

Legion Posts or individuals wishing to memori- 
alize anyone who has served in the Navy or Marine 
Corps may, by a contribution of $100 toward the 
construction of the stadium, have a chair in a 



memorial section of the stadium inscribed in thp 
memory of the selected person. 

Such voluntary contributions should be sent to: 
Memorial Stadium, Annapolis. Md . . . . Additional 
information about the proposed stadium, and what 
can be done with lesser or greater gifts may be had 
from the same address. 

UN MEDAL HAS BEEf STRUCK FOR KOREA VETS: 

Among service medals for which those who served 
in the Korean war theater are eligible is the 
United Nations Medal . awarded not by the United 
States but by the United Nations. . . . This medal 
has been struck and is available . . . .U.S. 
servicemen who are eligible get it the same way 
they get U. S. service medals -- through their own 
branch of service . . . . Addresses to which to write, 
depending on branch of service, were published in 
June in this "Newsletter." 

WHY DIDN'T VA ANSWER MY LETTER? 

If you wrote to the Veterans Administration and 
didn't get a prompt answer, it may be because you 
sent a "mystery letter" ... No matter how odd your 
name may be. VA may have someone else in the 
30,000,000 names on file with it with the same name. 
. . . So if you write VA about a claim or insurance, 
make sure to give claim number or insurance policy 
number . 

Make sure too that your name and address appear 
clearly printed . . . VA says 10% of the mail it 
gets is "mystery mail" whose writer has not clearly 
identified himself. . . . Some of the mystery mail 
never gets identified, much less answered. 

RETIREMENT INCLUDED IN SITUATIONS 
REINSTATING GI LOAN GUARANTEES: 

Vets who use up GI home loan privileges, and 
then must move for business reasons, may use their 
loan privilege all over again at new location if VA 
is relieved of guarantee on former home. . . . Vets 
who move in connection with retirement fall in same 
category . ... In some instances, a job shift 
requiring vet to move from one area to another of 
the same community may also qualify for restoration 
of GI loan entitlement. . . . Vet must show that 
move is needed to avoid substantial increase in 
time or cost of going to and from new job. 

VA ADVISING VETS ON MEANING 
OF HOSPITAL PRIVILEGE; 

The few vets who use VA hospital privileges for 
non-service care when they could afford their own 
care usually don ' t understand exactly what the 
admission privileges are. ... In the past VA did 
not make this too clear to them on admission. . . . 
Today all VA hospitals carefully make clear to each 
such patient exactly what the conditions of admis- 
sion are . 

Case of John Petrik of Caldwell, Kansas, brought 
this to VA attention forcefully. . . . Petrik was 
fined $2,499 last December under U.S. Civil False 
Claims Act for getting VA care when he could afford 
his own. ... He was a martyr to poor information 
and the type of harassment AMA is subjecting sick 
vets to. . . .On leaving VA hospital where he got 
care, Petrik offered to pay his bill, learned then 
that he couldn't, freely volunteered he could afford 
it, was prosecuted and fined for applying for ad- 
mission in the first place. . . . New VA policy 
should prevent such prosecutions, which American 
Medical Ass'n is urging Justice Dep't to press. 



2g • THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 



NEWS f^^- 



merican Legion 

and Veterans' Affairs 



Legion Set for First Nat'l 



Convention in Atlantic City 



Here are some facts and figures on 
the 1957 Nat'l Convention of The 
American Legion, set for Atlantic City, 
N. J. in mid-September. 

Official convention dates are Sept. 17- 
18-19 (Tues-Wed-Thurs) . These are 
dates for business meetings of the con- 
vention in the huge Atlantic City Con- 
vention Hall. Convention business will 
actually begin Saturday Sept. 14, when 
convention committees start organizing. 

For three days before the official 
dates most of the colorful events will 
occur. Memorial excercises are set for 
Sunday, Sept. 15. The big parade will 
take place on the boardwalk, starting 
at 10 a.m. Monday Sept. 16. 40&8 
parade Sept. 17. 

Both the senior and junior drum and 
bugle coi-ps championships finals will 
take place indoors, for the first time in 
Legion history. They'll be held in the 
Convention Hall, big enough to hold a 
football game plus 12,000 spectators. 

Junior drum and bugle corps finals 
will be held Sat. Sept. 14 at 7:00 p.m. 
Senior finals will go on Sunday, Sept. 
15 at 7:00 p.m. 

Because of limited seats (14,000), 
admission to these finals will not be in- 
cluded in registration packet. Seats at 
$1.00 and $1.50 (none reserved). 

Major Events 

In addition to the parade and major 
contests, major convention events in- 
clude: 

Nat'l Commander's dinner to distin- 
guished guests, Sept. 17. 

Mammoth ball in Convention Hall, 
Sept. 17, put on by U. S. Brewers 
Foundation for all registered Legion- 
naires (registration packet ticket ad- 
mits). 

Gala Musical Festival in Convention 
Hall Sept. 16 (registration ticket ad- 
mits). 

Wednesday night TV fights. Conven- 
tion Hall, Sept. 18 (special rate on reg- 
istration exchange ticket ) . 

40&8 banquet (ticket only) Sept. 18. 

Major address to the convention by 
FBI chief J. Edgar Hoover. 

Amusements 

In addition to privileges cited above, 
$3.00 registration packet provides ad- 



mission to (a) eliminations of drum & 
bugle corps contests and all phases of 
all other contests; (b) special rates or 
free admissions to the following: 

Atlantic City Country Club (guest 
privileges except green fees); boat trips 
from Starn's Inlet Pier (sightseeing, fish- 
ing); boardwalk bicycle rental; amuse- 
ments, shows, dancing, etc., at major 
piers; Hackney's seafood restaurant; 
Gray Line tours of south Jersey shores; 
seats at Atlantic City Racetrack. 

This is a centralized and pedestrian 
convention. Scene of practically every 
event, every office and nearly all living 
quarters fronts on the boardwalk, within 
earshot of the Atlantic surf. 

Climate 

The expected ocean water tempera- 
ture for convention week is 70°. Aver- 
age air temperature is 69° for week of 
Sept. 14-20, with daily maximum of 
74° and minimum of 63°. Average rain- 
fall during this week is least of the year, 
0.12 inches. 



Sports clothes and sunglasses are in 
order for outdoors. Ties necessary for 
most ocean front hotel restaurants. Low 
heeled shoes are best for women on 
boardwalk. 

Here's how to drive to Atlantic City 
from major connecting highways (toll 
roads and toll bridges marked by°). 

From Pennsylvania Turnpike* — At e. 

end of Penna Tpk * take NJ Tpk* 2 mi. n. 
to exit 7. . . . Thence s. 34 mi. on US206 to 
US30. . . . Thence e. 27 mi. on US30 to At- 
lantic City. (Total 63 mi.) 

From the South — Just s. of Wilmington, 
Del., go e. on US40 over Delaware Memo- 
rial Bridge* . . . Continue 75 mi. e. on US40 
to Atlantic City. 

From NY State Thruway* - Leave NY 
Thruway* at exit 15 near Suffern, N. Y. . . . 
Go s. on NY17 (which changes to NJ17) 14 
mi. to Garden State Pkwy* . . . Go s. on 
Garden State Pkwy* 123 mi. to exit 40.... 
Go e. on US30 7 mi" to Atlantic City. (Total 
144 mi.) 

From New England and NY City — From 
New England take appropriate thru routes 
to NY City. . . . From NY City cross Geo. 
Washt'n Bridge* to NJ. . . . Go w. on US46 
3 mi. to NJ Tpk* ... Go s. on NJ Tpk* 30 
mi. to exit 10 (jet. with Garden State 
Pkwy*) . . . Go s. on Garden State Pkwy- 
88 mi. to exit 40. . . . Go e. on US30 7 mi. to 
Atlantic City. (Total 128 mi. from Geo. 
Washt'n Bridge.) 



OUTSTANDING TFCTON PROJECTS: Khode Island 




THE 25,000TH PINT of blood of the outstanding Rhode Island American Legion Blood 
Bank was donated June 23 by Joseph Stetkicwicz, police cliief of Central Falls, as blood 
bank director Daniel Gorton (second from riglit) and VA and Legion officials looked on. 
This year ( its 10th ) the bank's 5,000 donors supplied one-third of all the blood used by 
VA hospital and one-fifth of the blood used by all 21 private hospitals in Rhode Island. 



THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 • 29 



VETERANS' BENEFITS: 

Hcic W e Go Again 

There has been a recent lull in overt 
efforts to undermine veterans' benefits 

That the silence did not mean inac- 
tivity became plain on June 27 when 
Percival Brundage, Dnector of Bureau 
of the Budget, sent a lengthy letter to 
Senator Harry Bird, (Va ) Chmn of the 
Senate Finance Committee. 

The Brundage letter opposed, in the 
name of President Eisenhower, a bill 
(HR52) to give a cost-of-bving com- 
pensation increase to war-disabled \ et- 
erans, which had passed the House and 
was then in the Senate Finance Com- 
mittee. 

The President, said Brundage, has 
"often expressed" his "determination" 
that service-disabled veterans should re- 
ceive "sympathetic consideration b\ the 
Government." 

The President would "favor action" 
that would help disabled vets "without 
disrupting the sound oxer-all disabiht\' 
compensation structine." 

It sounded as if the President were 
endorsing HR52, which is directly in 
line with both the Republican and 
Democratic party platforms for cost-of- 
living increases in compensation to war 
disabled vets, as issued during the last 
Presidential campaign. 

But ... "I am authorized to ad\ise 
you," Brundage finished, "that enact- 
ment of HR52 in its present form would 
not be in accord with the program of 
the President." 

Brundage intimated in his letter that 
the President has a special secret pro- 
gram cooking, apparently being de- 
veloped by top advisors in private talks. 

HR.52, he advised, would just make 
trouble for the President s program when 
it is ready to be unveiled — probably 
ne.xt year. 
Bradleyism 

Brundage made freciuent allusions to 
the Bradley report as the basis of inner 
chamber huddles to develop "the Presi- 
dent's program." 

It is known that a special group in the 
Veterans Administration has been work- 
ing on ways to implement the Bradle\' 
report, and that it is not answerable 
to the VA Administrator for its work. 

Theme of Bradley report was that 
vets don't rate special consideration, as 
their participation in warfare was 
merely a routine civic duty. The Bradley 
report recommended reducing Federal 
veterans' programs until Social Security 
would be considered ample. 

To the credit of the Senate Finance 
Committee it ignored the Brundage 
letter and reported HR.52 out favorably 
on July 18. As these words are being 



written, the bill awaits the end of the 
civil rights hassle for the attention of 
the full Senate. 

Other omens of the determination of 
the administration to adopt the Bradle\ 
philosophy are seen in the making of a 
p.ew rating schedule for veterans' dis- 
abilities in the VA. 

The rating schedule is the guide for 
classifying how disabled a veteran is, 
and provides the basis for fixing the 
amount of compensation for every vet 
with a service-connected disability. 

A new rating schedule is needed, and 
the VA is not operating in complete 
secrecy on it. But a marked trend of 
the early work on the new schedule is 
to decrease the ratings, especially for 
vets now rated 30% or less disabled. 

The schedule is supposed to have an 
objective medical basis. But the trend to 
knock down the lower ratings accom- 
panies Washington mutterings that 
"there are so many disabled vets rated 
•30% or less that a great savings could 
be made by reducing them." Another 
Bradleyism. Of course the reason there 
are so many such vets is that so many 
fought and were disabled in the wars. 
AMA Busy 

On another front, the American Medi- 
cal Association has recently been able 
to report proudly to its members that 
it has been busier than ever trying to 
prevent admission of sick veterans to 
VA hospitals. 

It has reported promising audiences 
(in its view) with the Budget Bureau, 
the Veterans Administration, the Justice 
Department and with Col. Olin E. 
Teague, Chmn of the House Vets Affairs 
Committee, in its drive to prevent hos- 
pitalization of war veterans. 

AMA now claims to be chiefly in- 
terested in veterans with non-service 
disabilities who enter VA hospitals on 
a statement of inability to pay, but who 
purportedly are covered by health in- 
surance or workmens' compensation. 

AMA once said that many vets cheat 
to get into VA hospitals, but backed 
away from that when asked by Congress 
to prove it. 

It then said that the VA hospitals are 
socialism and tried playing that tune 
for a while. 

Its new beef about vets with medical 
insurance sounds righteous enough on 
the siuface. Vets who are adequately 
covered for the care they need by medi- 
cal insurance should not enter any VA 
hospital for non-service care. 

But AMA is not making the distinc- 
tion of "adequately covered ". And it 
demands stern justice. Its boys went to 
the Justice Department to demand the 
pro.secution of sick \ets who go to the 
\'A if they have medical insurance, on 



the face of it, whether or not the in- 
surance will cover the care. 

In May, AMA men met with \'A 
officials to discuss barring sick vets from 
VA hospitals, and were told the basis 
of admissions. Having heard the facts 
at the source, AMA publi.shed a sly "re- 
buttal" in its journal. The VA isn't re- 
quired to take in broke, non-service- 
connected veterans, but it is only 
auihorized to do so, said the journal. 
So, it added hopefully, it was just a 
matter of a difference of opinion. 

If the \^A could merely be persuaded 
to see eye-to-eye with AMA, it could 
deny care to the sick wholesale without 
any new laws or regulations. 

Is AMA onhj interested in vets who 
are supposed to have enough insurance 
to take care of themselves? Hardly. A 
class of patients that scarcely exists 
doesn't merit all that zeal. What then? 

Well, there's a bill up to increase the 
pay of VA doctors — and badly needed. 
The Legion vvent into Congressional 
hearings and spoke up for the idea. 

American Medical Association folks 
were there too, but sat on their hands 
without a word in support of the bill. 
Later an AMA bulletin spoke out 
against increased pay for its members 
working in VA hospitals. 

Effect of AMA policy against more 
pay for VA doctors would be to de- 
teriorate the ciuality of \'A care through- 
out — not just for patients supposed to 
have medical insurance, but all veterans 
in VA hospitals. 

The destruction of the VA hospitals 
is undoubtedly the AMA's real aim It 
opposes better pay for its own members 
to achieve this end. 

Luckily for America, the AMA does 
not represent the sentiments of the aver- 
age doctor. Probably the majority of 
non-sei"vice-connected veterans now get- 
ting care in Veterans Administration 
hospitals were sent there by their own 
doctors. 

The growth of Bradleyism within the 
administration and the continued zeal 
of the AMA to harass disabled veterans 
have been carefully noted by Legion 
officials throughout the country and will 
undoubtediy command considerable at- 
tention at The American Legion Na- 
tional Convention in Atlantic City. 

LEGION MARINES: 

A Message to Cluircliill 

IJ. S. Marines Post 1, American 
Legion, Baltimore, Md., decided a few 
months hack to give a citation to Sir 
Winston Churchill. Comrade James M. 
Swartz, armed with the citation and 
letters from Maryland dignitaries, was 
instructed to deliver same. However, 



30 • THE AMERICAN LECilON MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 



the U. S. Embassy in London adxised 
by mail impossible to see Sir W. 

Swartz proceeded to London. "Em- 
bassy was surprised to see me," he re- 
ports. "They felt my trip was futile." 

Followed 3!-! days of Swartz wrestling 
with Scotland Yard red tape, refusing to 
accept refusals from Sir Montague 
Brown, liaison officer between Sir Wins- 
ton and the British gov't. 

After hundreds of telephone calls "I 
finally wore down Sir Montague to ask 
Sir Winston himself," says Swartz. 

Sir Winston told Sir Montague: "Tell 
that man to come see me, if he came all 
that distance for that purpose." 

Sir Winston was at an estate in south- 
ern France. 

Swartz flew to Nice, where he phoned 
Sir Winston's secretary. She adx ised that 
Sir Winston was at that moment with 
Mr. Onassis on his yacht but would ex- 
pect Swartz for tea at the estate. 

Swartz drove to Roqueboune-Cap 
Martin "bearing suitable gifts," passed 
through French and Scotland Yard 
guards, was escorted into the mansion, 
ushered into a huge room and met Sir 
Winston, sitting by the fireplace puffing 
on a huge u-know-what. 

Churchill's daughter, Mrs. Beau- 
champ, took charge of the ceremony. 
Lady Churchill then read the citation. 
Suddenly she stopped, Swartz reports. 
"Stop blowing that horrible smoke in 
my face, Winston!" she said. 

Apparently he did. When she had 
finished. Sir Winston "rose from his 
cliair, and, back to the fireplace, said: 'I 
hope you will convey, to the people who 
sent you, my gratitude and respect, and 
may I say that your courtesy and your 
compliment goes far beyond the limits 
w hich I can claim.' " 

Says Swartz: "Tea was ser\'ed to the 
ladies on a gold service, and whiskey to 
the men. The conversation was pleasant 
and spirited. My visit lasted one hour 
and a half. From my conversation they 
concluded that our U. S. Marines Amer- 
ican Legion Post 1, Baltimore, was a 
huge and influential organization." 



THE LEGION AT WORK: 

All ()iiiic(" of Pn-'veiiiion 

One of a series of sketches of little- 
known daily activities of The American 
Legion. 

Something new was added to Ameri- 
can Legion child welfare work in f954. 

For more than 30 years. Legionnaires 
and Auxiliares had poured dollars by 
the carload (over $140 million to date) 
and manhours untold into softening the 
seamy side of life of unfortunate Ameri- 
can children. 

Essentially, the Legion's traditional 
Child Welfare program was, and is, a 
program of help to children in dire 
need of relief from the many webs of 
social, economic or physical ills which 
can and do engulf them. 

No milk in the house? The bread- 
winner sick, dead or in jail? Medical 
care or a convalescence more costly 
than the parents could afford? 

Direct Legion aid was given. Legion 
weight was thrown behind bills to create 
better state and county welfare agencies, 
hospitals, etc. 

By and large, before 1954, the Legion 
was not in the steady business of pre- 
venting children from becoming welfare 
cases; nor were Legion leaders certain 
that the Legion was technically quali- 
fied to operate in this complex field. 

Yet, from time to time, both the na- 
tional organization and local Legion 
units had found ways to back up pre- 
\entive work. Such expressions were 
found in a $50,000 Legion gift to the 
American Heart Association in 1948 to 
fight rheumatic fever in children; in 
highly organized Legion support on the 
Post and state level of March of Dimes 
and Heart Association annual fund 
drives and similar activities. 

These sporadic Legion adventures 
into specific preventive measures cul- 
minated in the proposal of Dr. Garland 
Murphy, WW2 vet of Post 10, El 
Dorado, Ark., that the Legion establish 
a foundation for the express purpose of 
helping worthy and qualified groups 
and societies dedicated to the preven- 



tion of the manifold tragedies of child- 
hood. 

Dr. Murphy lent weight to his sug- 
gestion by offering to make the initial 
gift to endow such a foundation; 
namely, oil and mineral rights to certain 
holdings of his own in the Williston oil 
basin of North Dakota, and in .Montana; 
and stock in uranium lioldings in New 
Mexico. 

Result was the incorporation, in July 
of 1954, of The American Legion Child 
Welfare Foundation, to "finance in 
whole or in part, research, demonstra- 
tions or other special projects whicli will 
benefit children and youth." 

Still a baby today, the young Founda- 
tion is well embarked on its career, gov- 
erned by a board of directors of nine 
who are appointed by the Nat'l Execu- 
ti\ e Committee of The American Legion. 

To date it has received, entirely 
through gifts, a sum in excess of $122,- 
000. it lias made grants of $51,050. It 
has spent for expenses in three years 
$449.84. And it currently has a waiting 
list of projects for consideration of the 
board at its next annual meeting. 

Most numerous gifts to the Founda- 
tion toda\' are man\' memoi ial conti ibu- 
tions from American Legion Posts and 
Auxiliary Units made on the occasion 
of the death of a member, to memorial- 
ize him in a good cause. Occasional large 
gifts from various persons who know 
the Legion work swell the fund. 

Six projects ha\e received grants to 
date. 

First was a proposal from the De- 
linquency Control Institute of the Uni- 
\ersity of Southern California, which 
runs a 12-week course for specialized 
training in juvenile police and court 
work. 

Policemen and juvenile com t officials 
throughout the country can earn scholar- 
ships to the DCI, but many found 
trouble covering travel and li\ing ex- 
penses while there. 

The Legion Child Welfare Founda- 
tion ■ granted $3,750 toward such ex- 
penses, at $250 an officer. Assistance 
under this grant — now exliausted — en- 




THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTE.MBER 1957 • 3] 



abled 15 police and juvenile court offi- 
cers from 13 states to bring the benefit 
of this advanced training back to the 
police forces of their communities 
where, as police chief William Proetz, 
of St. Paul, Minn., said of the training 
received by Lt. John H. Roberts, "It will 
be noted and felt for years to come for 
youngsters of our area." 

Second was a grant of $16,000 to the 
Nat'l Ass'n for Retarded Children, an 
organization with a big and difficult job 
and limited finances. Purpose: to put a 
qualified man on the road for a year to 
counsel teachers and parents on the 
most advanced methods of training re- 
tarded children. 

The remarkable job done by the re- 
markable man selected. Dr. 1. Ignacy 
Goldberg, was worth more than the in- 
vestment, and has attracted additional 
funds and interest from other sources to 
the problems of retarded children. 

Third was a $4,000 grant to the Nat'l 
Society for the Prevention of Blindness, 
to produce a film for the teachers, par- 
ents and supervisors of partially-sighted 
children to help them preserve the re- 
maining sight of such children. The film 
is still under production. 

Fourth was a $3,500 grant to the 
Nat'l Ass'n for Mental Health for a pul:)- 
lic education project dealing with the 
mental health of teenagers — also still in 
preparation. 

Fifth was a $13,800 grant to the 
Council on Social Work Education, 
which underwrote the expenses of a 
special training conference at Rutgers 
University last April. Purpose: to pro- 
vide better training for the staffs of 
juvenile correction institutions all over 
the country. In attendance were per- 
sons responsible for staft training in 24 
state juvenile correction schools. 

Sixth was a $10,000 grant to the 
American Social Hygiene Association. 
Purpose: to help finance a major study 
of the conditions responsible for an in- 
crease in venereal disease among teen- 
agers. The Legion grant was useful in 
attracting to the study additional need- 
ed fimds from other sources. 

Still an infant in years and size 
among major foundations, The Ameri- 
can Legion Child Welfare Foundation 
has already made a niche for itself in 
its field, and is a new and growing 
chapter in the continuing chronicle of 
The American Legion at work. 

EXTENSION INSTITUTE: 

School f'oi- Leaders 

Enrollments are now being accepted 
for the 12th term of The American Le- 
gion Extension Institute, a correspond- 
ence course of study about the Legion 



— its history, its structure, its achieve- 
ments in six lessons. 

All American Legionnaires are eligi- 
ble to take this coiu'se; approximately 
40,000 have done so; and any Legion- 
naire who wants to learn more about 
the Legion should do so. 

Tuition fees for this correspondence 



COMING SOON 




Watch for this. 



course for Legion leaders — and the 
course does fit its graduates for posi- 
tion of leadership in the Legion — are: 
For 1 to 4 students in one order— $6 
each; 5 to 9 in one order— $3 each; ten 
or more— $2 each. Orders payable to 
Nat'l Treasurer, American Legion and 
sent to American Legion Extension In- 
stitute, P.O. Box 1055, Indianapolis, 
Ind. Applications close Dec. 15. 

DISASTERS: 

F J ()(> ( I .W in ( [ T 1 1 e Leg ion 

Capping a turbulent spring of U. S. 
tornadoes and heavy rains, summer 
brought major disasters to Fargo, N. 
Dak. and the Louisiana-Texas Gulf 
Coast. 

The American Legion again ga\ e im- 
mediate assistance in both disasters. 

Legionnaires and Auxiliares of Post 
2, Fargo, N. Dak., mobilized promptly 
as more than 1,000 of them pitched in 
to succor victims of the tornado that, 
on June 20, displaced 2,000 persons 
from 1,364 damaged or ruined dwell- 
ings. 

The Louisiana hurricane catastrophe 
so completeh' destroyed the coastal 
area around Cameron that it will take 



years to rehabilitate the populace. Major 
Legion project there is to build a $150,- 
000 rehabilitation hospital, which the 
Dep't of Louisiana has undertaken. 

In July, the Nat'l Legion contributed 
$20,000 ' toward the building. Early 
gifts also came from the Dep't of Ar- 
kansas and from Legion Posts in De- 
troit. Louisiana American Legion Dis- 
aster Fund, 720 Union St., New Orleans 
12, La., is accepting additional gifts. 

Meanwhile, the Legion's nat'l Emer- 
gency Relief Fund has been so heavily 
drawn upon by 1957's crop of calami- 
ties that Nat'l Cmdr Dan Daniel has 
called for replenishment. Contributions 
ma\- be sent to Emergency Relief Fund, 
American Legion, P. O. Box 1055, In- 
dianapolis, Ind. 

BRIEFLY NOTED: 

^ GI home loan figures for June bear 
out Legion mid-winter warnings that 
program would die if not corrected. 
Loan requests were lowest for any June 
since WW2. So were appraisal requests. 
Housing starts were lowest since June, 
1951. 

► Post Mortem Club (a Legion lunch- 
eon club in Washington, D.C.) has 
given $100 to American Legion En- 
dowment Fund in memory of the late 
Lem Bf)lles, 1st Nat'l Adjt of the Legion, 
who died in July. Mrs. Edith B. Wilson, 
widow of Pres. Woodrow' Wilson, also 
gave to the fund i?i Bolles' memory. 

^ Army is starting a 10-year switch- 
over from feet and yards to the metric 
system in all its firing measurements. 

^ The first $25 he gets from a new 
Yankee baseball contract will go to the 
Legion Junior Baseball program in Ab- 
erdeen, S. Dak., says young Roger Hack- 
ett. He credits his pro success to Legion 
play and co;iching in Aberdeen. 

► Legion Public Relations Division, 
P.O. Box 1055, Indianapolis, Ind., wants 
all the local clippings on 1957 Boys 
Nation it can get. It's studying the 
coverage. 

^ Legion's Nat'l Membership & Post 
Activities Division has devised a "Here's 
Howitzer" club, with certificate, for Le- 
gionnaires who sign up 12 or more mem- 
bers. Dope on this new badge of dis- 
tinction is in new 1958 nat'l membership 
booklet. 

^ American Legion Dep't of Connecti- 
cut issues a weekly Legion news review 
that is used in whole or part by 67 
broadcasting and newspaper outlets. 
Dep'ts of Washington and Alaska do 
likewise. 



32 



• THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 



^ Taking part in dedication of the 
Hany S. Truman Library in Independ- 
ence, Mo., were Legion officials of ex- 
Pres. Truman's Post (#21) and District 
( 5th ) , as well as the 5th District Legion 
Color Guard and Kansas City Legion 
band. 

^ The seventh annual "Know Your 
America Week" will be observed Nov. 
24-30 this year. Sponsored by the AU- 
American Conference to Combat Com- 
munism (of which the Legion is a 
member body), the observance empha- 
sizes basic American principles. 

For information about the program, 
write to: Ail-American Conference To 
Combat Communism, 917 15th St. 
N.W., Washington 5, D. C. 

^ Chamber of Commerce, Kewanee, 
111., has just raised $7,600 in a public 
fund drive to procure new imiforms for 
the Black Knights, drum and bugle 
corps of Post 31, Kewanee. Corps 
ranked third in nation last \ ear. 
Chamber fund drive went $2,600 over 
goal of $5,000. 

► Au.\iliary Unit 11, Glendale, Ariz., 
recently sponsored a demonstration of 
the respectful disposal of old American 



flags before 1.000 school children. Pro- 
gram was arranged by Americanism 
Chmn Mrs. Karlton Pidgeon. 

^ Dr. James Clifton Cheatham, of 
Wolfe City, Tex., who died recently at 
the age of 80, was so highly respected 
by his friends and acquaintances that, 
among other things, he had served 17 
years as Commander of American Le- 
gion Post 16 in Wolfe City. 

^ Robert E. Gates, newly elected Dep't 
Cmdr of Indiana, is the son of former 
Ind. Gov. Ralph Gates who was Dep't 
Cmdr in 1931-32. 

► The Korean Gl Bill has provided 
training for more than 1,800,000 vets, 
a VA survey reported in mid-July. 

^ Nat'l Chaplain Father Bernard W. 
Gerdon was awarded a distinguished 
service citation by the 39th Convention 
of the Dep't of Rhode Island. 

^ The 12th annual American Legion 
Boys Nation took place July 19-26 at 
College Park, Md. Ninety-six boys — 
all of them high school juniors selected 
from Legion Boys States in 46 States, 
the District of Columbia, and Panama, 



C.Z. — took part in the government and 
citizenship training program. During the 
week-long school they visited Gov't 
buildings, were greeted by the Nat'l 
Commander, met Gov't officials, ran 
their own model government, and chose 
17-yeai--old Thomas Peake, of Norton, 
Va., as their president. 

^ Nat'l Cmdr Dan Daniel vmderwent 
surgery in his hometown, Danville, Va., 
on July 29. In early Aug. his doctor de- 
scribed the Commander's condition as 
"fine." 

► Nine more Dep'ts had exceeded their 
1957 membership quotas by July iO, 
and had thereby raised to 21 the num- 
ber of quota-breaking Dep'ts for this 
year. The nine are, in order: R. I., N. 
Mex., Mexico, Ind., Ala., N.H., 111., Md., 
and Conn. 

► Dep't of Idaho won the John R. Quinn 
Trophy for 1957 by enrolling a higher 
percentage of its previous four-year 
average membership as of June 15 than 
any other Dep t. 

► A membership publicity packet is 
available to Post Publicity Officers and 

{Continued on next page) 



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THE AMERICAN LEGIO.N MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER }9fi7 • 33 



BRIEFLY NOTED 

( Coiitiinied ) 

editors of Legion publications. Send re- 
quests to: Membership and Post Activi- 
ties Section, The American Legion, P.O. 
Box 1055, Indianapohs 6, Ind. 

^ Dep't Cmdrs ot South Dakota and 
North Dakota won the Nat'l Com- 
mander's 1957 membership contest (by 
recording the greatest percentages of 
their Posts with 1957 membersliip on 
June 15 greater than their total 1956 
enrollments). They will receive free 
trips to Einope on the Legion's Pilgrim- 
age for Peace following the Nat l Con- 
vention. 

Departments of N.J., Alaska, Del., S. 
Dak., and Tenn. led their regions in 
having most Posts with 1957 member- 
ship on June 15 greater than their total 

1956 membership, and thereby won the 
right to pick one of their members to 
receive a free trip to the Nat l Conven- 
tion, in another phase of the Nat'l Com- 
mander's membership contest. 

^ Anthony J. Volpe, Cmdr of Post 137, 
Ocean City, N.J., spearheaded a drive 
among Cape May County, N.J., resi- 
dents to secure money and materials to 
provide a chapel for the 770th Aircraft 
Control and Warning Squadron at 
Palermo Air Force Station, N.J. 

► Preparations are underway for the 

1957 Employer of the Year program of 
The American Legion. Program, which 
provides for awards to the employer 
who has done the outstanding job in 
employing physically handicapped vet- 
erans, is sponsored by The American Le- 
gion Economic Commission. 

Citations will be issued during Nat'l 
Employ the Physically Handicapped 
Week, which will take place Oct. 7-13 
this year. Awards are made to the win- 
ning firms on the recommendation of 
each Dep't of the Legion. 

Nominations by Dep'ts sliould be sent 
to the Nat'l Employment Committee, 
The American Legion, 1608 K Street 
NW., Washington 6, D. C, not later 
than Sept. 9. They should be accom- 
panied by a brief summary of the em- 
ployment record of the selected em- 
ployer. 

^ American Education Week will be 
observed from Nov. 10 through Nov. 16 
this year, and The American Legion 
will— as it has for the 36 previous con- 
secutive years— be a leader in the ob- 
servance. Other national sponsors of the 
special "week" are the Nat'l Education 
Ass'n, Nat'l Congiess of Parents and 
Teachers, and the U. S. Office of Edu- 
cation. 

Theme of this vear's observance is 



"An educated people moves freedom 
forward." 

Americanism Div. has mailed to Dep't 
Hq copies of a brochure filled with sug- 
gestions for proper observance of the 
event. Brochures will be put in hands 
of Posts before the school term opens 
in Sept. 

^ The Washington Redskins, profes- 
sional football team in the Nation's Cap- 
ital, will salute the veterans of America 
with special ceremonies at a game with 
the Baltimore Colts on Nov. 10, the day 
before Veterans Day. 

LIFE MEMBERSHIPS: 

The citation of an individual Legion- 
naire to Life membership in his Post is 
a testimonial by those who know him 
best that he has served The American 
Legion well. 

Below are listed some of the previ- 
ously unpublished life memberships that 
have been reported to the editors. They 
are arranged by States. 

Edward R. Diirrah (195.<i) and Frank Konwin- 
ski (1956), Post I, Hamilton. Bermuda. 

Albert Joseph Mehii (1957), Post 48, Oxnard, 
Calif. 

George W. Reed (1946) and Dr. Henr.v G. 
WaHers and Fred W. Flodberg (both 1948) and 
Antone Lema (1953), Post 121. Watsonville, Calif. 

Tom Rnoney (1957), Post 319, Los Angeles, 
Calif. 

William J. Galhraith (1948) and Nerses A. 
KasarKiaii (1950). Post 336, Los Angeles. Calif. 

Dr. F. H. McCabe and Lite E. Bevington (both 
1957). Post 10, Boulder. Colo. 

Rev. Ro)»er B. T. Anderson (1957). Post 1, 
Waterbury, Conn. 

Robert C. Vance (1957). Post 6, New Britain, 
Conn. 

Frank H. Cnll (1952) and Rudolph Shapira and 
H. S. Mann (both 1956), Post 268, Chicago. III. 

R. H. Poland (1955). Post 733, Rossville, 111. 

Ernest C. Pate (1951), Post 776, Catlin. III. 

A. R. Isenogle (1956) and Ralph G. Bivler 
(1957), Post 121, Washington, Ind. 

John Hackert (1955). Post 89. Pella, Iowa 

William C. Palmer (1950). Post 168, Kno.wille. 
Iowa. 

David Franks (1955) and Carl A. Mitzlaff (1956). 
Post 15. Lousiville. Ky. 

Clinton D. Wallace (1957), Post 17, Portland. 
Maine 

Robert IVf. D'L'nger and Sidne,v B. Meserve and 
William J. McKeever and John J. Sullivan (all 
1957), Post 39. Arlington. Mass. 

Joseph E. Gately (1957). Post 76, Jamaica Plain, 
Mass. 

Robert F. Murphy (1957), Post 97, Winchester, 
Mass. 

Daniel J. Doherty (1938) and George W. Finn 

(1951), Post 101, Woburn, Mass. 

Alphonse J. Boutin (1947). Post 126. Fall River. 
Mass. 

Charles A. Hagman (1951) and George A. Pierce 
(1957), Post 146, Winthrop, Mass. 

F. Earle Wilder (1951), Post 189, Sterling. Mass. 

Clifford C. Hubbard (1951) and Donald Tucker. 
Jr. and Charles V. Crowd (both 1956). Post 198, 
Mansfield, Mass, 

Louis Dranetz (1956) and Anthonv George 
(1957), Post 2fJ6, Hyannis, Mass. 

Enrico Ercole and Dr. Walter T. Parker (both 
1925) and George Carruthers and James L. Chap- 
man (both 1928). Post 57, Owosso, Mich. 

Dr. R. R. Goldstone (1948), Post 218, Detroit, 
Mich. 

Lawrence Paul Jacobs (1953) and Ernest W. 
Reinke (1954) and Leiand H. Curtis (1955), Post 
253, Roval Oak. Mich. 

Fortner C. Anderson (1957), Post 500. Minne- 
apolis, Minn. 

Arnold F. Nease (19S7). Post 142, Marshfield. 
Mo. 

Walter Creelv and Sam Sullender and Albert 
Cochran (all 1953), Post 338, Overland. Mo. 

Charles S. Hammond (1957). Post 70, Nutlev. 
N. J. 

H. Ogden Rogers and Robert S. Higginbotham 
and Charles J. Kiiglen and Louis J. Mier, Jr., (all 
1956). Post 109. Rutherford, N. J. 

Ralph J. Caneva (1957), Post 153. Park Ridge, 
N. J. 



William Brunson and Garrett Lee (both 1957), 
Post 247. Passaic. N. J. 

William J. Longuet (1952), Post 101. Westbury, 
N. Y. 

James J. Lantelme (1957), Post 118, Woodhaven, 
N. Y. 

Clarence F. Morse (1949) and Joseph W. Conley 
and Leon Rothschild (both 1950). Post 221. Ithaca, 
N. Y. 

George Rehkamp, Sr. (1954) and George Dess 

(1956). Post 246. Baldwin, N. Y. 

George Lawson (1946), Post 248, Middleburg, 
N. Y. 

Mark Ezard and Howard Simpson and A. J. 
Barton (all 1957), Post 255, Caledonia. N. Y. 

Byron K. Hall and A. Sawyer Jones and James 
E. Kohler and Fred J. Lewis (all 1957), Post 660, 
Dundee, N. Y. 

Louis J. Naftalison (1957), Post 1141, New 
York, N. Y. 

Harry G. Johnson (1957), Post 3, Fayetteville, 
N. C. 

John W. Gladden and Arthur Clyde Sanders 

(both 1957), Post 155. Kings Mountain, N. C. 

Stener Hillerud (1954) and Barney H. Salvey 
(1956), Post 155, Granville, N. Dak. 

Alec Faulkner (1952) and Otto Koenig (1953) 
and Alfred Jarvis (1954) and Joe W, Lynn and 
Walter C. Deppe (both 1956), Post 1, Tulsa. Okla. 

David Wenner (1947) and Jack Pannell and Earl 
E. Simmons (both 1953) and Addison Walker 
(1954), Post 148, Sulphur. Okla. 

Joseph Ryan (1941) and Harry K. Stinger and 
Tonv Murphy (both 1943) and Gus VanRoden 
(1945), Post 20, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Leonard A. Delph and C. Herbert Hoffman and 
J. Allen Kaiser and Harry Kotz (all 1948). Post 
67. Pottsville. Pa. 

Dr. Ralph B. McCord (1928), Post 105. North 
East. Pa. 

Harold J. Lee (1951), Post 138. Smethport, Pa. 
J. Ravmond Breen (1957), Post 156, Pittsburgh, 
Pa. 

Stanley Norberczuk and Frederick J. Simmons 

(both 1957), Post 332, Philadelphia, Pa, 

Curtis W. Sechrist (1946) and Harold D. Moody 
(1949) and Park P. Roebuck (1956), Post 403, 
Glen Rock, Pa. 

Gene Sherry and Walter C. Gloekler and Albert 
J. Clarke and Howard F. Hick (all 1954). Post 
538. Pittsburgh. Pa. 

Roy W. Painter (1957), Post 553, Elizabeth, Pa. 

James P. Stull ( 1953) and Charles Layman and 
Tony Pryor (both 1956). Post 744, Marianna, Pa, 

Benjamin Olewine HI (1950) and John E. 
Dougherty (1951) and Kenneth Ueberroth (1952) 
and Anthonv P. Mazza (1953), Post 1001, Harris- 
burg, Pa. 

Ernest Carpenter and Ernest Spencer and Theo- 
dore Barrette (all 1957), Post 2, West Warwick, 
R. I. 

Israel Medoff (1949) and Joseph L. Reith (1952) 
and Frank E. Perry (1954), Post 3. Woonsocket. 
R. I. 

Jud'je Ashton H. Williams (1957), Post 73, Lake 
City, S. C. 

Robert E. Mehaffe.v. Jr. (1950), Post 191. Breck- 
enridge, Te.x. 

Gustavniis I. Nowell (1957). Post 76. Barton. Vt. 

William A. Roberts (1947), Post 22, Chehalis, 
Wash. 

Post Commanders or Adjutants are 
asked to report life membership awards 
to "Life Memberships," The American 
Legion Magazine, 720 5th Axe., New 
York 19, N. Y. Date of award is re- 
quested in all cases. 

ENGINES: 

(Cabooses 

Legionnaires in Lorman, Miss., are 
engines. 

By last July 1st, every member of 
Bear-HoIlida\ Post 149 in Lorman had 
paid his 1958 dues. Such prompt pa\ - 
ment permits the Post to get on to other 
things without sapping its energies 
tracking down unpaid dues. It may help 
explain why the Post's letterhead car- 
ries 13 citations that Post 149 has re- 
ceived for outstanding actixities. 

Prompt dues payment also assures 
each member that there will be no break 
in his magazine subscription which, 
under Audit Bureau of Circulation rules, 
must be interrupted where there is delay 



34 • THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 



in receipt of the subscription renewal. 

July is really on the safe side for 
getting a Post off to a good start on 
100% renewals of annual dues. Normal 
dues-pa\ ing time is October. A member 
is generally considered an engine in The 
American Legion if he attends to his 
dues payment during the fall months. 
Nearly two million do, and they are the 
engines. 

About 750,000 members drag on into 
January, February, March, April — and 
later. 

The>' are the cabooses, exercising 
their right to be the last car on the train. 

It is their right, but it is not good for 
the Legion. Billing, rebilling, juggling 
finances, tracking down delinquents and 
near delinquents, closing out then later 
reopening magazine subscriptions are 
among the useless embarrassments and 
hardships imposed on their comrades 
and the Legion by delayed dues re- 
newal. Nobody has yet cited any ad- 
vantages to being a caboose. 

PEOPLE IN THE NEWS: 

REV. JOSEPH MaccARROLL, Past Nat'l 
Chaplain of The American Legion 
(1955-56), appointed public relations 
ass't to the president of Princeton Theo- 
logical Seminary, Princeton, N.J. 

CHARLES N. COLLATOS, American Le- 
gion Nat'l Executive Committeeman 



from Massachusetts, appointed State 
\'eterans service commissioner. 

HOLLis HULL, Past Nat'l Executive 
Committeeman from Oregon, appointed 
ass't director of The American Legion 
Public Relations Div. 

JAMES S. WHITFIELD, PaSt Dcp't Adj't 

of Missouri (1953-55), .ippointed gen- 
eral manager of The American Legion 
Emblem Sales Div. 

ROBERT L. JARNAGIN, cllUin of the VA 

Board of Veterans Appeals, retired. He 
was suceeded bv james w. stancil, of 
Post?], Clayton', N.C. 
Died: 

HERVE J. l'hEUHEUX, U.S. CoUSul 

General at Montreal, Canada, since 
1955, and a member of Post 43, Man- 
chester, N..H.; after a long illness; in 
Washington, D.C. 

RUSSELL R. RHODES, Past Dep't Cmdr 
of Indiana (1937-38); of a heart attack; 
at his home in Peru, Ind. 

IRA E. LYON, Past Dcp't Cmch" of 
Indiana (1954-55); in Greenfield, Ind. 

BARAK T. MATTiNGLY, member of The 
American Legion Aeronautics Commit- 
tee; suddenly; in St. Louis, Mo. 

MARION A. SHAW, Past Dep't Cmdr of 
Nebraska (1943-44); in Corpus Christi, 
Tex. 

KENAZ HUFFMAN, Past Dep't Cmdr of 
Colorado (1929-30); in Denver. 

KENNETH ROBERTS, notcd author and 



a member the 1946 Legion Histoiical 
Advisory Commission; at his home in 
Kennebunkport, Maine. 

MRS. RUTH HARRIET MATHEBAT, Past 

Nat'l President of the American Legion 
Auxiliary (1942-43); in Alameda, CJalif. 

RECENT POST DOINGS: 

H POST 37, Michigan City, Ind., gave 
an American flag (for the hall used by 
various unions) to Local 290, Brother- 
hood of Railway Carmen. Post had pre- 
viously given same union a large copy 
of the pledge of allegiance to the flag. 
([ ON JUNE 30 Post 1, Denver, Colo., 
perennial runner-up to Post 1, Omaha, 
Nebr., for Legion membership honors, 
was well ahead of tlie Omaha Post. On 
that date Post 1, Denver, had 9,875 
members; Post 1, Omaha, had 7,463. 
Also on June 30 a total of 44 Legion 
Posts had enrolled more than 2,000 
members each. 

f[ POST 276, Englewood, Fla., has 
raised the first $4,000 toward construc- 
tion of a new Post home. 

MEMBERS of Post 1, Tokyo, Japan 
are particularly proud of their Child 
Welfare Chmn^ Mrs. Ethel M. Hetrick. 
She shipped so much stuft into Japan 
for kids in orphanages and hospitals 
(3,000 packages since 1947) that the 
Army once investigated her for possible 
(('.(iiil i n iicti on ii<'\t l>iigi') 



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THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 • 35 



RECENT POST DOINGS 

( Contin iied ) 

operations in black market activities. 
^ POST 23, Milwaukee, Wis., gave its 
annual Americanism award this year to 
Vice President Richard M. Nixon for 
his "many contributions to American- 
ism." 

f[ POST 29, Miami, Fla., has indoc- 
trinated an average of 1,450 new citi- 
zens a year for the last six years, in a 
naturalization training program which 
U. S. District Court Judges J. W. Hol- 
land and E. C. Choate recently called 
"outstanding in America." 
([ DELAWARE POSTS 8 and 5, at George- 
town and Rehoboth Reach, have in- 
creased their membership for 11 and 7 
years running, respectively. 
f[ AT THE REQUEST of the couuty Super- 
intendent of schools. Post 22, St. An- 
thony, Idaho, sponsors youth activities 
which since last Oct. have included: A 
party for 155 kids; weekly classes in 
boxing, wrestling, and tumbling, as well 
as dancing for 136 youths; fencing in- 
struction for 12 boys and girls; a base- 
ball program for 60 boys and a softball 
program for girls. 

C POST 830, Ransomville, N.Y., has an 
all-brother color guard, made up of John, 
Joe, Paul, Henry, and Richard Figura. 
Sixth brother, Rruno, is Niagara County 
Legion Commander. 
f[ POST 52, Leesburg, Fla., more than 
doubled its membership this year, in- 
creasing from 102 to 212 members. 
H POST 370, Elk Creek, Nebr., spon- 
sored the 3-shot community polio vac- 
cination program for that town, which 
was recently completed. 

C THE AMBULANCE COrps of Post 388, 

Olney, Pa., did stand-by duty at the 4th 
Nat'l Roy Scout Jamboree at Valley 
Forge, July 12-18. 



COMRADES 
IN DISTRESS 

Spate does not permit notices to contact 
persons for any purpose except to assist in 
establishing a claim for a veteran or liis de- 
pendents. Statement to that effect should 
accompany notice. 

Send notices to: Comrades in Distress, 
Tlie American Legion Magazine, 720 Fifth 
Avenue, New York 19, New York. 

Army 

4th Div, 20th FA Bn, Btry A-Need help on claim 
from anyone who served with me in Europe 
in 1944, especially: Capt McGhee (btry com- 
mander); Bruce Hodges (chief of section); 
Pfcs William A. Martin, McCarthy, and 
Robert Smith; Cpl Harold O. Hunt; S/Sgt 
Roberson; Sgt Harris. Write me, Henry E. 
Thomas, 1882 Fleming St., Pomona, Calif. 

42nd Div, 166th Inf, Co K-On Nov. 11, 1918, I 
was injured in an explosion; my hands and 
face were badly burned. Now need to contact 
anyone who remembers my injury. Especially 
need to locate the man who took my picture 
on Nov. 15. 1918, at Base Hospital 15 near 
Masey, France; I was in Ward 7 of this hos- 
pital from Nov. 15 until Dec. 21, 1918. I was 
in a field hospital before being moved to Base 



Hosp 15. Write me, (former Pfc) Clyde Comp- 
ton, 719 E. Broun St., Seymour, Ind. Claim 
pending. 

89th Div, 354th Inf-Need to locate 1st Sgt Or- 
ville L. Hackerson (of III.), with whom I 
served at Camp Carson, Colo., in 1942-43. 
Write me, Clarence C. Shelton, Domiciliary 
Bldg. #38, Sec. A., U. S. VA Center. Temple, 
Tex. Claim pending. 

128th Inf, Co K (WWD-Need to locate Elmer 
Meyer, Elmer Wilson, and Salem Buxton— 
all of Spooner, Wis. Write me, Ira J. Cherry, 
1106 E, Dover Court, Davenport, Iowa. Claim 
pending. 

191st FA Bn, Service Btry-In Mar. 1942 medics 
of the 191st FA Bn treated callouses on the 
bottoms of my feet. Now need to locate any- 
one who remembers me. One of my NCO's 
was Cpl Alton J. Mangruie (of Shelbyville, 
Tenn.) My nickname was "Frog"; I entered 
the service from Salad, Ark. At the time I 
was treated I was in the East Garrison at 
Camp Roberts, Calif. Write me, John L. 
Taylor, 704 Case & 23rd St.. Batesville. Ark. 

378th Inf— While serving with an ammunition and 
pioneer platoon in this outfit I was injured 
in a land mine explosion in the Calif, desert 
on Nov. 9, 1943. I was hospitalized for seven 
and a half months. Immediately after the ex- 
plosion I was in a field hospital: then I was 
in the 22nd Gen Hosp, Torney Gen Hosp, and 
Clinton Gen Hosp. Need to contact anyone 
who remembers me, especially men who 
served with me at the time of the explosion 
and 2nd Lt Joyer, a nurse who was on my 
case. Write me. Robert W. Clark, Sr., 1719 
W. 10th St., Muncie, Ind. Claim pending. 

Camp Callan, Calif.-Need to locate Capt Wolfe 
who commanded the antiaircraft school bat- 
talion I was in at Camp Callan. I arrived at 
Camp Callan on July 20, 1942. Write me, 
Robert W. Crickmore, 129 Methou, Wenat- 
chee. Wash. Claim pending. 

Air 

WAC Det, Hq Co, China Service Command- 
While stationed in Shanghai, China, from 
Jan. to June 1946. I had difficulty with my 
eyes. I suffered hemorrhages of the eyes which 
later caused the loss of sight in my left eye. 
Now the right eye is affected the same way. 
I was sent to the 172nd Gen Hosp by Maj 
Orr. Living quarters for the WAC Det were 
at 31 Rue Retard. Need to hear from anyone 
who remembers me, espcially from: Dr. 
Brown; Nettie Radosevic (now Mrs. Melvin 
A. Mode; her home was in Canton, Ohio, 
but she moved to Rhinelander, Wis.); Gerai- 
dine McGuire, Texas (had worked for State 
Dept in Germany); Eleanor Cihak (Ohio); 



Alice Faye (N. Y.); Alice Givorkian (from 
Pasadena, Calif., now married). I was T/3 
Eleanor Lee. Write me, Eleanor Lee Ozog, 
7118 Boyer Street, Philadelphia 18, Pa. Claim 
pending. 



THE AMERICAN LEGION 
NATIONAL HEADQUARTERS 
.lUNE 3(1. 1957 
ASSETS 

Cash on hand and on deposit. . . .$ 434,987.21 

Receivables 245,996.02 

Inventories .532,002.45 

Invested Funds 1,256,250.29 

Trust Funds: 

Overseas Graves Decoration 

Trust Fund $ 268,330.52 

Employees Retirement 

Trust Fund 2.239,044.44 2,507,374.96 

Real Estate' 804,990.15 

Furniture and Fixtures, 

less Depreciation 230,479.53 

Deferred Charges 125,562.14 

$6,137,642.75 



LIABILITIES, DEFERRED REVENUE 
AND NET WORTH 

Current Liabilities $ 321,466.24 

Funds restricted as to use 23,054.32 

Deferred Income 1,031.499.35 

Trust Funds: 

Overseas Graves Decoration 

Trust Fund $ 268.330.52 

Employees Retii'ement 

Trust Fund 2,239.044.44 2,507,375.96 

Net Worth: 

Reserve Fund $ 23,852.30 

Restricted Fund .. 19.389.49 

Real Estate 978,243.65 

Reserve for Washington 

Building 16,429.37 

Reserve for Reha- 
bilitation 482,313.54 

Reserve for Child 

Welfare 13.839.42 

$1,534,067.77 

720,180.11 2.254,247.88 
$6,137,642.75 



Unrestricted 
Capital . . . 



OUTFIT 
REUNIONS 

Send notices to: Outfit Reunions, The 
American Legion Magazine, 720 Fifth Ave- 
nue, New York 19, New York. 

Reunion will be held in month indicated. 
For particulars, write person whose address 
is given. 

All Services 

Natl Organization of World War Nurses — (Sept.) 
Ethel M. Redfield, 14 Country Club Drive, 
Northfield, N.J. 

Army 

1st Sig Bn - (Sept.) George Hands, Jr.. 12034 

Bramel, Detroit, Mich. 
3rd Pioneer Inf (WWX) - (Sept.) R. F. Palmquist, 

4733 Columbus Ave., Minneapolis 7, Minn. 
15th Ranger Co (Abn) - (Sept.) Cliff Traxler, 

Natl. Guard Armory, St. Paul 2, Minn. 
35th Div - (Sept.) Mahlon S. Weed, P.O. Box 

1001, Kansas City. Kans. 
70th Engr LP Co - (Oct.) Edward J. Soper, 124 

Bryan Ave., Staten Island 14, N.Y. 
101st AAA Bn-(Sept). Ernst Skalla, P.O. Box 

45, Albany, Ga. 
114th Field Sig Bn (WWl) - (Oct.) W. F. Worrell, 

Box 154, Ruston, La. 
115th Inf, 1st Bn, Hq Co (WW2) - (Sept.) Philip 

L Russ. McDaniel. Md. 
117th Ammunition Train — (Oct.) Calvin H. Lam- 
bert, Citizens Bank Bldg., Emporia, Kans. 
134th MG Bn, Co B (WWl)-(Sept.) H. G. Weals, 

Minao Junction, Ohio. 
137th Inf, Co B - (Sept.) Floyd A. McGehe, 

Holton, Kans. 
137th Inf, Co K (WWl) - (Sept.) George G. 

Meeske. 506 Maple St.. Coffeyville, Kans. 
139th Inf, Co L (WWl) - (Nov.) E. M. Holt, 

619 North A St., Wellington. Kans. 
146th Inf, Hq Co (WWl) - (Oct.) Don Black- 
burn, 2987 Norwood St., Columbus 24, Ohio. 
150th FA, 2nd Bn; 208th FA; 989th FA-(Sept.) 

Max Barefoot, 810 W. Gilbert St., Muncie, Ind. 
lS7th Inf, Co G - Vernon Reyer, c/o Post Office, 

Longmont, Colo. 
164th Inf - (Oct.) Donald Robinson, 418 Griffin 

St., Bismarck. N.Dak. 
I68th Inf, Co M - (Oct.) Vernon Mainquist, Red 

Oaks, Iowa. 

203rd CA(AA) (WW2) - (Sept.) O. C. Hayward, 

P.O. Box 706, Webb City, Mo. 
209th CA(AA), Btry D - (Sept.) Edward J. Rob- 

ena, 56 Salina St., Rochester II, N.Y. 
309th Ammunition Train (WWl) - (Sept.) H. W. 

Stearley, 524 E. Mechanic St., Brazil, Ind. 
316th Inf (WWl) - (Sept.) Ray Cullen, P.O. 

Box 1303, Philadelphia 5, Pa. 
319th Engrs (WWl) - (Oct.) Curtis W. Otwell 

Box 246, Palo Alto, Calif. 
326th FA, Btry B (WWl) - (Sept.) Chester Brown, 

Box 112, Cynthiana, Ky. 
330th FA (WWl) - (Oct.) William Bauder, 390 

Ashlind, Detroit 15, Mich. 
605th TD Bn - (Sept.) Jess Dixon, Hartford, 

Mich. 

625th Engr (L) Equipment Co - (Sept.) William 

R. Warner, Box 23-A, R. D. 3, Jerseyville, III. 
Los Angeles MP Organization — (Oct.) C. Glen 

Lewis. 4809 Chicago St., Omaha, Nebr. 
Fort Hayes, Columbus, Ohio, Med Corps (1917-19) 

- (Oct.) Hugh C. Hancock, 68 Chase Ave., 

Columbus 14, Ohio. 



Navy 



33rd Seabees - (Sept.) Wesley B. Bustard, 1002 

E. Heather Road, Oreland, Pa. 
North Sea Mine Force - (Oct.) J. J. Kammer, 54 

Walnut Ave., Floral Park, N.Y. 
Seabees (All Construction Battalions) — (Sept.) 
Seabee Reunion, Construction Battalion Center. 
Davisville, R. I. 
USS Santa Fe - (Oct.) Milton Larkin, 17 George 

St., Saddlebrook. N. J. 
USS Solace (WWl) - (Nov.) Dr. Richard A. 
Kern, Temple Univ. Hospital, 3401 N, Broad 
St., Philadelphia 40, Pa. 
USS Spcrry - (Sept.) V. J. David, P.O. Box 509, 
Medford, Oreg. 

Air 

1st Air Service Mechanics Regt, Co 6 (AEF) — 

(Oct.) Edwin Lord. II Otis St., Everett 49, Mass. 
817th Engr Avn Bn - (Sept.) Dr. H. W, S. 
Richards, 106 Marlborough St., Boston 16, 
Mass. 



35 • THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 



SYMPTOMS OF DELINQUENCY 



glamorize crime a little, if the neighbor- 
hood kids watched the Big Man wince 
and howl for a few minutes under the 
lash. 

Bill Reynolds, 55, former University 
of California student with a criminal 
record of six bank robberies and as- 
sorted other things and repeated jail 
sentences, says, '"I am not sorry. I have 
enjoyed life. I have no regrets." 

British Field Marshal Bernard Law 
Montgomery says it's going to take ""old 
fashioned cane whipping to stop the 
flow of hooligans in the world." 

He says, "A good beating with a cane 
can have a remarkable sense of awaken- 
ing on the mind and conscience of a 
boy. A boy cannot be expected to im- 
agine intellectually the misery and pain 
he has the power of inflicting on other 
people; he has no experience, no imag- 
inative capacity, to enable him to do 
so. Not to administer such chastisement 
in bad cases is in eftect a sort of cruel 
neglect— cruel to the child and cruel to 
society." 

What has happened to us when this 
nation of adults has allowed itself to be 
terrorized by its own young? 

In Akron, Ohio, Judge Walter B. 
Wanamaker heard a guiUy plea to 
"breaking and entering" by 18-year-old 
James Phelps, and he sentenced that boy 
to a parental spanking "with a ping pong 
paddle until his bottom is pink." 

Most judges wouldn't dare. Most 
States wouldn't permit it. 

Circuit Judge Leon Bazile of Han- 
over Courthouse, Va., says, "Criminals 
no longer fear jails." He recommends 
"thirty lashes on the back." 

Roy McLaughlin, superintendent of 
the Connecticut School for Boys for 25 
years, without a scandal, says, "Some- 
times a trip to the woodshed is the only 
cure for a bad boy." 

An inmate of that institution was an 
inveterate car thief. Cottage supervisors, 
social workers, and psychiatrists, all 
failed to stop the boy from stealing cars. 

Then Mr. McLaughlin resorted to the 
slipper he uses for the woodshed chore. 

When the boy turned 17 he joined 
the Navy, returned a hero, and wrote 
this letter: 

"The only thing that saved me was 
that spanking." 

I have thought for a long time that if 
we knew how to recognize the symptoms 
of delinquency, it might help. 

The Heart Foundation and the Can- 
cer Society found it helpful to publish 
"things to watch for," and earlier diag- 
nosis has certainly been of immeasurable 
benefit. 

I wished that somebody would search 
out ten symptoms of delinquency so that 
parents might recognize the signs and 



( ( oiiliiiiicil litmi l/(in< IV ) 

start asking questions before the final 
tragedy. I asked The American Le^iion 
M(ii,'aziiie. Its editors said, "Why don't 
you?" 

Seeking expert guidance in the defini- 
tion of those symptoms, 1 encountered 
these related facts. 

Seventy-five percent of all of New 
York City's juvenile criminals come 
from less than 1 percent of that city's 
families. 

And this: The city of Chicago is half 
the size of London; yet Chicago aver- 
ages in one ihiy as many armed robber- 
ies as there are in London in a whole 
year! 

Yet in Chicago's Chinatown there is 
virtually no crime! 
I asked why. 

"Mr. Harvey, every writer who gets 
involved in the subject of delinquency 
comes to see me as you have done," 
said "Mayor" Wilson Moy of Chicago's 
Chinatown. 

■"Each asks me the same question. 
How do you do it?' ] always must say 
that I sincerely don't know. Our Chinese 
youth just naturally respect and obey 
iheir parents." 

Was this simple utterance a proper 
answer to my terrifyingly important 
question? Surely not. I had been expect- 



ing something complicated. This was 
too utterly elementary! 

They "just naturally respect and obey 
their parents." 

In the half century of Chicago's 
Chinatown (population 5,000) there 
has been only one arrest of a Chinese 
for breaking and entering. 

In the United States a chronic de- 
linquent child of Chinese parents has 
never been arrested. 

When you realize that five percent 
of America's youngsters will be in 
trouble with the law this year, that is an 
impressive fact. 

Not one Chinese. 

In the United States there has never 
been a Chinese convicted for rape, bur- 
glary, bank robbery, or desertion. 

How has this race managed so well 
to checkrein the impulses of its vigor- 
ous young people, even after they've 
been subject to Western influences for 
generations. 

P. H. Chang, Chinese Consul General 
in New York City, tried to answer that: 
"Filial piety is a cardinal virtue with 
my people, brought over from China 
that was once free." 

"A Chinese child, no matter where 
he lives, is brought up to recognize that 
he cannot shame his parents. Before a 



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THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 • 37 



Chinese child makes a move, he stops 
to think what the reaction of his parents 
will be." 

"Above ail other things, the Chinese 
teen-ager is anxious to please his par- 
ents." 

"Most Chinese-Americans, no matter 
how wealthy or poor, maintain a strict, 
family-style home. Mealtimes are cere- 
monious affairs which must be attended 
by every member of the family." 

That's what he said. They are always 
home at mealtime. 

How strange, if such a simple and 
obvious "home remedy" as this helps 
explain the fact that not one of New 
York City's estimated 10,000 Chinese- 
American teen-agers has ever been 
brought into court for narcotics, speed- 
ing, burglary, vandalism, stickup, purse 
snatching, or mugging. Not even speeding! 

Funny, these Chinese. 

From Chinatown I went to the 
schools. There, the more I listened, the 
more I became convinced that we have 
been educating the intellects of our re- 
cent generations, but we have been 
neglecting to discipline the emotions. 

This, the educators naturally ex- 
pected, would be done at home. And it 
wasn't always. 

Hal Piggott writes: "The intellect is 
a tiny speck afloat in an ocean of emo- 
tion." 

The intellect, he is saying, is a little 
bitty thing being shoved around by 
floodtides of emotion. Then our educa- 
tional emphasis has been misdirected, 
hasn't it? 

We've been training and disciplining 
and developing our intellects, and letting 
our emotions run wild! 

It's the emotions which have been 
fouling us up and filling our jails. Crime 
and unhappiness and divorce and greed 
are present because somebody's emo- 
tions got mixed up. 



Maybe he was smart enough to be a 
bank official: yet emotionally he never 
grew up at all. 

We can make mechanical intellects. 
We can make an electronic mathemati- 
cian. Gears will do for brains. 

So what a person thinks about things 
is nothing special. It's how he feels 
about things that's important. And our 
schools haven't been paying much at- 
tention to that. 

So our homes must! 

This is a personal problem. Parents 
can't "gang up on it," as they have been 
trying to do. We don't need more or- 
ganizations to keep minutes and waste 
hours. 

It's a personal business. Dr. Herbert 
Ratner, professor of preventive medi- 
cine at Loyola University in Chicago, 
said: "Fathers and mothers are kidding 
themselves when, under the guise of 
doing a greater good for their children 
and community, they become willingly 
and happily ensnared in the time-con- 
suming work of community organiza- 
tions. Parents should return their talents 
and energies to the work of doing a 
bang-up job of rearing their own chil- 
dren." 

Chicago Judge Otto Kerner, Jr.. says, 
"Most juvenile delinquents feel they are 
not wanted by their parents. . . ." 

R. Sargent Shriver. Jr., president of 
the Chicago Board of Education, says. 
"Parents have shifted their responsibili- 
ties. Home has become little more than 
a boarding house." 

Former Heavyweight Champion Jer- 
sey Joe Walcott, asked by a Senate 
Labor Subcommittee what to do about 
delinquency, said, "While mother used 
to pray for us to behave, daddy would 
take us to the woodshed and make sure 
we did." 

It's up to the parents. They may not 
have to answer to the law, but they will 



have to answer to some higher court 
the day they suffer the anguish of a 
mother or father whose son or daughter 
is in prison or in pieces. 

Parents will reap exactly what they 
sow. The responsibility, sooner or later, 
will come home. 

When medicine wages war on any 
other kind of cancer, it urges early diag- 
nosis and prompt treatment. 

The cause and cure of cancer and 
crime await the application of better 
brains than mine, but meanwhile we 
can't just sit and do nothing! 

I urge diagnosis before the benign 
tumor becomes malignant. 

I urge diagnosis before the juvenile 
becomes a criminal. 

There are readily recognizable symp- 
toms of delinquency which any parent 
can recognize. It is not easy to see im- 
perfection in your own child, but if the 
symptoms are spelled out for us it can 
be done. Delinquency can be "caught in 
time" and prevented from becoming 
crime. 

When delinquency is not arrested in 
the early stages, chances are that it 
never will be. 

Alarm is justified. J. Edgar Hoover 
says that almost 10 percent of all the 
arrests in the United States last year 
were of youngsters under 18. He thinks 
anyone old enough to commit a man's 
crime is old enough to take a man's 
punishment, but we are here concerned 
with prevention. 

Arrests in adults decreased last year, 
1 .9 percent. 

Arrests of juveniles increased last 
year, 2.3 percent. 

It's the trend that's alarming. Mr. 
Hoover says. "We'd better stop this 
flood tide of delinquents before they 
graduate into the underworld." 

So here, based on the best available 
counsel, is a condensation of the many 
manifestations of criminal tendencies. 
Here are the ten most frequent symp- 
toms to watch for before they lead to 
big trouble. Ten early symptoms of de- 
linquency: 

1. Truancy. 

2. Evidence of alcohol or drugs on the 
breath, needle marks on arms. 

3. Cruelty to animals. 

4. Sloppy appearance or dress that ex- 
aggerates sex. In boys, uncut hair. 
In girls, skintight clothing. 

5. Unexplained cuts, scratches, bruises. 

6. Unexplained late hours. 

7. Appearance of strange articles that 
were not purchased. 

8. Possession of unnecessary weapons. 

9. Flagrant disobedience. 

10. Friends he never brings home. 

There are the ten symptoms. 

If you recognize one in your child, 
look into it. 

If you recognize three, look out! 

THE END 




3g • THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 



NORTH DAKOTA'S INCREDIBLE AMERICAN LEGION 

i i.tnititiited fioiti lKii>c 21 ) 



in safeguard against filling such an im- 
portant post with deadheads by local 
political mischance. 

Each district leader is a deputy of the 
Department Commander, and is ap- 
pointed by him. District conventions 
nominate District Deputies, but the 
Commander can accept or reject the 
nomination. Usually the man nominated 
is appointed. The nature of the selec- 
tion acts as a check against voting for 
a deputy unacceptable to the Com- 
mander. 

As a result, all district leaders are on 
the Commander's team, and it is as team 
members— owing their loyalty to the 
state leadership— that they accept their 
jobs. 

Responsibility for the highly organ- 
ized fall membership campaign falls 



directly on the District Deputies until 
Christmas, after which it is their job to 
assist and inspire each Post to carry out 
the basic Legion programs. Great rivalry 
exists among the Districts for member- 
ship supremacy, inspired by popular, 
organized contests among the deputies. 

The planning of the statewide mem- 
bership drive is usually the job of Han- 
nah Williams, who came to work as sec- 
retary of Adjutant Jack Williams in 
1919. She was then Hannah Peterson, 
daughter of Swedish emigres. She and 
Jack were married in 1921, and over 
the years, as Assistant Adjutant, she has 
formed with her husband one of the 
most remarkable leadership teams in the 
Legion. 

The office of Department Adjutant 
in North Dakota is— by design rather 



than chance-^the most powerful position 
in the state Legion. It is powerful be- 
cause it is elective. The membership is 
protected against abuse of the power 
because the Adjutant must run for re- 
election every two years, on his record. 
On his record and his ability. Jack Wil- 
liams is the only man who has ever held 
the job. 

North Dakota Legionnaires don't be- 
lieve in entertaining any more resolu- 
tions than are absolutely needed. Semi- 
annual District meetings are apt to con- 
vene and adjourn without a single reso- 
lution coming on the floor. They don't 
believe in long-winded speeches or re- 
ports either. 

There aren't any rules against reso- 
lutions and long-windedness, but by 
common consent there is a perpetual 



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THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER iy57 • 39 



war against driving members out by 
boring tiiem to death. 

At a recent 10th District meeting in 
Oakes. in southeast North Dakota, five 
guest speakers (including your corre- 
spondent) consumed a total time of 
13' 2 minutes. Such brevity was sug- 
gested to them privately, and by accept- 
ing the suggestion they gave five of the 
most popular speeches of their lives. A 
half-year's business was conducted in 
about 45 minutes. 

After that, five candidates for office 
were invited to state their virtues, taking 
all the time they wanted. Knowing the 
score, and wishing to be elected, they 
didn't want much time. Candidates were 
expected to say: "I ask for your votes," 
and then say why. No generalized ora- 
tory. 

A quick vote was taken for district 
offices, and the meeting ended. 

Any business left hanging fire was at- 
tended to at a joint Legion-Auxiliary 
informal social, over cold drinks and 
s:mdwiches, where speakers, candidates 
and delegates spoke as long as they 
wanted to, privately, to anyone who 
would listen. 

North Dakota Legion leadership is 
not infiltrated and stagnated by glory- 
seekers more interested in titles than in 
duties. Committees are small and ex- 
actly as numerous as necessary, and 
each appointment carries with it a bur- 
den of responsibility. There aren't any 
honorary appointments. So there is 
only one way for an ambitious individu- 
al to use a Legion otTice for his own 
personal prestige, and that is to do a 
whale of a job for the Legion. 

Anyone can imagine the results of 
such a common-sense arrangement. Dur- 
ing 37 years. North Dakota has built 
up a corps of present and past office- 
holders whose ability, sincerity, influ- 
ence, experience and dedication are as- 
sets still available. 

Even those who have long gone else- 
where maintain a keen interest in their 
home state Legion. Past Department 
Committeeman Tommy Whelan. now 
U. S. Ambassador to Nicaragua; North 
Dakota's only Past National Command- 
er, Lynn Stambaugh, now an executive 
of the Export-Import Bank in Washing- 
ton; C. L. '"Dad" Dawson, of Beach, the 
first Department Commander, who ad- 
monished the state Legion in 1919 to "do 
always in the present what is best in the 
circumstances" and is now a prominent 
Washington attorney; T. O. Kraabel, 
North Dakota's first director of veterans 
atfairs and now the Legion's National 
Rehabilitation Director— also in Wash- 
ington-maintain a lively interest in their 
favorite Department and return for the 
Department conventions whenever the 
occasion permits. 

Old time Legion leaders still at home 
seldom quit. State Supreme Court Jus- 



time James Morris, of Post 1 in Bis- 
marck, was an early youth activities 
leader in the Department. Increased re- 
sponsibilities and advancing years do not 
prevent him. today, from presiding over 
a mock trial at American Legion Boys 
State in Fargo each year. The Morrises 
have been another great Legion family 
team. Mrs. Morris was National Auxili- 
ary President in 1938-39. 

Adrian Pfusch. a founder of Valley 
City Post 60. may still be found of an 
evening, drilling a young bugle corps 
in the basement of the Post home. 

North Dakotans are sharply watchful 



CO y 0 




"Of course I liked school! And someday, 
when you're married and ha^e children of 
your own— you'll understand why I liked 
school!" 

AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE 



of who leads them, and their judgment 
ranks high. John E. Davis, from the 
little prairie town of McClusky. was the 
Legion's choice for its first WW2 De- 
partment Commander in 1946. Last fall, 
Davis was the people's choice for Gov- 
ernor of North Dakota. 

To provide a testing ground for the 
new generation of Legion officials after 
WW2. North Dakota Legionnaires in- 
creased the number of Department Vice 
Commanders from one to three, assign- 
ing a region to each. Starting with 
Davis, a long succession of capable and 
dedicated young veterans has filled the 
state Commandership via this route 
since WW2. 

The zeal of Commanders John Pre- 
boske and Wayne Seelhammer in the 
last two years has been almost alarming. 
They hit a tireless pace of visiting Posts 
which, some fear, will set a precedent 
that may break future Commanders in 
their efforts to do better. 

Comradeship and mutual helpfulness 
in the North Dakota Legion go hand in 
hand with dedication to the Legion. 
During the drought and depression of 
the Thirties the western half of the state, 



particularly, was parched brown and 
desolate. Among those who stubbornly 
hung on, money and food became equal- 
ly scarce. 

The relatively more prosperous east- 
ern Legionnaires shipped food in. Mean- 
while there was not enough cash in 
sight to maintain the Legion dues of 
many of the most ardent members. 
Some paid their dues in kind with what 
little farm produce they could salvage. 
Others had nothing from one year's end 
to the next, and find it hard now to re- 
call how they survived. 

In the staunch little western town of 
Beach, where the rainfall is everybody's 
business, "Stub" Noyes was among 
those who, having some cash, kept 
Beach Post 5 going by paying the dues 
of other members. 

"You know," he recalls, "when times 
got better, every one of those fellows 
paid me back." 

Internal Legion politics are healthy 
in North Dakota. Most political con- 
niving is aimed at improving the Legion. 
Power struggles are rare. An exception 
was a sectional fight years back when a 
block of central Posts tried to upset the 
power of the more populous Red River 
Valley in the east, centered in Fargo. 

Adjutant Jack Williams was made the 
issue, on the basis of his power in the 
Legion and his marked influence in 
North Dakota politics. Williams is a 
potent figure in state politics whenever 
he chooses to be, and is conceded to be 
one of the most astute politicians in The 
American Legion. 

Both sides won the sectional fight. 
The central coalition failed to unhorse 
Williams, but served healthy notice that 
it could combine to be a force to reckon 
with. 

Frank Traynor, of New Town, and 
Perry Goss. of Carrington. both mem- 
bers of the original central combination, 
recall with relish how Williams beat 
them, at one point leaping over a table 
on the stage at the Department con- 
vention to answer charges made against 
him. 

"Greatest speech I ever heard." says 
Goss. 

"I'd be sorry, today, if we'd beat 
him," says Traynor. 

Williams was not the real issue. Those 
not part of the sectional fight couldn't 
be convinced that Jack did not invari- 
ably use his power and ability for the 
good of the Legion. So the western cattle 
and wheat men, even more remote from 
Fargo than the central Posts, went down 
the line for Jack. 

No effort is ever made to have a 
closed race for any Legion office in 
North Dakota. If there is a ganging up 
against a candidate, it takes the form 
not of closing the door but of enticing 
others, thought more desirable, to enter 
an open race. Everybody considers it a 



40 • THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 



sad convention if the delegates do not 
have a goodly choice of aspirants to 
vote for or against. 

Numerous North Dakota Posts have 
investments in Post homes so huge that 
they could not have been built or kept 
solvent without the talents of capable 
men. Post 26 in Minot and Post 2 in 
Fargo own clubs that Times Square has 
nothing on. They are brighter and airier 
than the big-city nightclubs, however. 
Both are the favorite rendezvous of vet- 
erans and their wives or dates in the 
two cities. 

The two Posts have a combined mem- 
bership of more than 5,000, and each 
club is a $20,000-a-month operation. 
Live entertainment booked from Chi- 
cago, New York, Hollywood goes on 
nightly. Unlike professional night spots, 
these clubhouses serve many commu- 
nity purposes as well— children's parties, 
civic meetings and so on. The Minot 
Post was showing free movies to kids on 
Saturday afternoons while Mom went 
shopping, until it attracted more than 
600 young customers and the legitimate 
movie theaters put up a justified howl. 

Post 1 in Bismarck is less an enter- 
tainment spot, and more a members' 
club and meeting place, with numerous 
meeting rooms, an elegant lounge. That 
a veteran could enjoy such a luxurious 
private club for $6 a year is one of the 
miracles of well-led Legion Posts. 

Jamestown and Dickinson have bright, 
modern, popular club facilities on only 
a slightly smaller scale. Many very small 
towns, such as Oakes in the southeast 
and New Town in the northwest, have 
substantial investments in Post homes 
of the most modern and colorful design. 

As everywhere, most North Dakota 
Posts have bars. There are few to which 
a man would not take his wife for a so- 
ciable drink. When a Post degenerates 
into a tavern it becomes the immediate 
concern of Legionnaires throughout the 
state. It is subject to unremitting pres- 
sure from within the organization so 
long as the condition exists. 

Most of the larger clubhouses are run 
by full time paid managers. Fargo has 
found it advantageous to combine the 
otfices of Post adjutant and club man- 
ager in one man. Glen Rott. a disabled 
veteran of Guadalcanal. Nobody can 
enter a Legion clubhouse in North Da- 
kota without showing his current mem- 
bership card. If a Post slips on this you 
will soon hear grumbling about it 300 
miles away. 

There is nothing unique about the 
kind of programs that Legion Posts 
carry out in North Dakota. The stand- 
ard Legion programs, plus community 
service activities, fill the bill. 

What is amazing, and undemonstrable 
in anything short of a book-length re- 
port, is the scale on which 238 scattered 
Posts in a state with about 60,000 vet- 




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THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 



• 41 



erans spread over 70,000 square miles 
activate the Legion programs. 

Boys State is limited to 550 boys by 
the capacity of the state college dormi- 
tories in Fargo. It is always full, and 
towns of five to fifteen thousand will 
send two, five, ten, twenty and more 
boys. Posts urge other civic groups to 
sponsor boys. A dozen boys go from 
Jamestown, sponsored by the Legion, its 
Auxiliary and every civic group in town. 
Sponsor pays $33 Boys State fee, plus 
expenses and transportation. 

It's 300 miles from Killdeer to Fargo, 
and Killdeer is a little western street 
scene with 800 people and 126 Legion- 
naires. But Killdeer Post 46 always aims 
to send at least two boys to Boys State. 
Killdeer Legionnaires kicked themselves 
this year because they sent the boys" 
names in too late, and their quota was 
immediately taken up by stand-bys else- 
where. 

American Legion Junior Baseball, 
which began locally in the Dakotas in 
1922, is so enthusiastically backed by 
North Dakota Posts that the state has 
two leagues, "A" and "B", in the na- 
tional program. A "B" team can chal- 
lenge into the "A" competition if it 
wants to take a crack at the national 
playoffs. 

Many "A" class Posts have a second 
team in the "B" league. Midget boys" 
baseball teams and leagues sponsored 
by Legion Posts abound. 

Bismarck and Fargo Posts spend as 
much as $4,000 a year on Junior Base- 
ball. Bismarck has its own bus to haul 
the boys to "away" games. Post 3 in 
Dickinson owns its own night-lighted 
$75,000 American Legion Memorial 
bail park and keeps 257 boys busy play- 
ing summertime baseball. 

Jamestown has an "A" and "B" team, 
plus four Peewee and four Midget teams 
in separate leagues. 

Earnie Schmit, of Beach, the newly- 
elected Department Commander, says: 
"Our little Post spends about $1,000 a 
year for baseball coaches and transpor- 
tation for the team. Mobs follow the 
games, and there's great excitement at 
them. Nobody has any problems with 
kids all summer. They practice ball- 
swim— then go to a ball game either to 
play or cheer." 

Where there's no Legion Post in a 
small town, a neighboring Post may 
sponsor a kids' ball team. Post 153 in 
Wyndmere (114 members) sponsors its 
own Junior Baseball team and another 
in Barney. Post 88 in Hankinson (91 
members) sponsors teams in Great Bend 
and Mantador as well as its own. 

Fargo Post 2 built up midget baseball 
to the point where, with 600 enthusiastic 
players, it got too big to handle. The 
Post had four coaches on the payroll, 
with a northside and a southside midget 
league as well as two regular Junior 



Baseball teams. It finally persuaded the 
City Park Board to take over the 
midgets. 

A full listing of the community proj- 
ects of Posts in North Dakota is an 
impossibility here. The Fargo Post alone 
publishes a list of 26 annual projects 
for which $12,500 is budgeted by the 
Post. 

A major community charity drive in 
the capital city of Bismarck is the "Open 
Your Heart" campaign. Conducted by 
Post 1 for 27 years, it raises from 
$5,000 to $7,000 annually, which is 
turned over to the city nurse for welfare 
administration. * 

Many Posts, such as 139 in Tioga 




"There's $13,756,463,962.50 due today on 
Russian war debts. Perhaps you'd better 
stick around 'till five-thirty, just in case..." 

AMEFUCAN LEGION MAtiAZINK 



and 290 in New Town, help underwrite 
the local medical clinics. Gifts to hospi- 
tals and the maintenance of "on loan" 
equipment needed for the sick at home 
are commonplaces of the North Dakota 
Posts. The 40&8 at Devils Lake places 
"on loan" hospital beds and other equip- 
ment in Posts for issue where needed. 
Recent Post hospital aid projects include 
$2500 for hospital improvement at Mc- 
Ville, and $5,000 toward an operating 
room at Linton, where the Post also 
gave 41/2 acres of land to the city for 
its community swimming pool. 

Richardton Post 180 Legionnaires 
provide and man the local ambulance. 

In Feb. 1956, six of them made a 
1,000-mile round trip to Minneapolis to 
give blood to a 2-year-old Richardton 
girl. 

The Lutheran home for crippled chil- 
dren in Jamestown is well-endowed with 
40&8 equipment. 

Fargo Legionnaires work all year re- 
making old toys that they collect. At 
Christmastime they deliver about 1200 



remodeled toys from their "Santa's 
workshop," along with Christmas bas- 
kets, to children in hundreds of needy 
families. 

Minot's Post provides a continuing 
scholarship for a deserving student 
picked by the regents at Minot State 
Teachers College, and puts on entertain- 
ment one night each week for hospital- 
ized veterans at the Minot VA hospital. 

Legionnaires at Antler Post 263 own 
and maintain a 27-acre park for com- 
munity use. Almont Post 261 recently 
raised $1200 to help the family of a 
sick girl. Abercrombie Post 128 Legion- 
naires lend their manpower annually to 
maintain the state park and grounds at 
Fort Abercrombie. 

Thousands of Legionnaires sprang to 
relief work when a tornado smashed 
through the middle of Fargo last June. 

Such listings of Legion community 
efforts aren't news anywhere in The 
American Legion. But nearly every Post 
in North Dakota could provide a list as 
impressive as the above statewide sam- 
pling. 

North Dakota's membership "secret" 
is not just its well-organized membership 
drive. Its "secret" is everything stated 
above and more— a statewide saturation 
of the best in common-sense Legionism 
which gives the organization the public 
esteem and attractiveness that make 
member-getting easy, and which cir- 
cumvents the familiar organizational 
evils that make member-getting hard. 

The question remains: How has such 
a high level of Legion ideals been main- 
tained? North Dakotans say that "the 
state's chief commodity is people." At 
any event, if anything characterizes the 
North Dakota Legion it is that it has 
good leaders, and that it has members 
who are intensely jealous and watchful 
of their leadership. Nothing that the De- 
partment has accomplished could have 
come to pass if the people who make up 
the organization hadn't wanted it that 
way, and worked hard for what they 
wanted. 

Bill Stern, who has been North Da- 
kota's National Executive Committee- 
man since 1925, is a remarkable para- 
dox. Bill is nothing like anyone else in 
North Dakota or elsewhere, yet his basic 
characteristics typify North Dakota's 
Legionnaires. 

The salty, 71 -year-old president of 
the bright, modern Dakota National 
Bank in Fargo has four loves: his bank; 
Northwest Airlines (of which he is a 
director); The American Legion (of 
which he was a founder); and politics. 

His language is usually fit only for a 
pirate's parrot, and his ideas are younger 
than Bill is old. 

He gads about all over the country 
and the world (he was dining with 
General MacArthur in Korea when 
word came that President Truman had 



42 • THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 



relieved the general of his command ) . 

Wherever Stern is he sells his four loves. 
You have to belong to the Legion if 
you're a veteran; if you travel you have 
to fly; you should vote for the candi- 
dates of Bill's party; and even if you're 
a bellhop in the Carlton Hotel in Wash- 
ington, D. C, where Bill puts up, you'd 
better have a savings account in the 
Dakota National Bank. 

North Dakota Legionnaires who are 
nothing like Bill still share his chief at- 
tributes: rugged individualism, good 
humor, leadership, enthusiasm, sociabil- 
ity and hardiness. 

And it is generally agreed in North 
Dakota that Jack Williams, the Depart- 
ment Adjutant, bears a full share of the 
credit for the Legion's outstanding 
achievements in the state. 

The son of an Irish railroad worker 
from Minnesota who moved to Fargo, 
Williams worked as a youngster in print- 
shops ' in Fargo. Coming home from 
WWi, he threw in with an able group 
of returned veterans who were forming 
the North Dakota Legion, and was their 
unanimous choice for secretary, then 
Adjutant. 

Williams had a flair for politics, a 
vast interest in and a quick intuition 
about people. His talents are those of 
a born political leader. He can listen in- 
terminably, is universally liked, and his 
opinion in political matters is sought and 
respected not only within the Legion 
but at the highest level of state govern- 
ment. 

The remarkably sensible internal or- 
ganization of North Dakota's Legion is 
largely attributable to Williams' guid- 
ance. It was at his own insistence that 
he should stand for election every two 
years, at a time when friends sought to 
protect him by arranging long term ap- 
pointments for the office of Adjutant. 

For 38 years, Williams has devoted 
most of his political acumen to the good 
of the Legion. 

On this subject. Jack recently said: 
"The Legion must keep out of partisan 
politics, but you have to be a pretty 
good politician to know what to keep 
out of." 

In the state capital, where he is 
known and respected as a political pow- 
er, Williams' talents have mainly been 
used to bring about a sound set of state 
veterans laws. He serves extra duty as 
the Legion's state legislative director. 

His wife, affectionately known as 
"Hans" (pronounced "Hance"), has 
lived and breathed the Legion with Jack 
ever since she first came to work as his 
secretary in 1919. 

Jack Williams and Jim Boyle, of 
Maine, are the only men who, today, 
have served continuously as their De- 
partment Adjutants since 1919. It is a 
pretty good tribute to both of them. 

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• 43 




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ATTACKS ON THE CONSTITUTION 



■(Conliiiiied jroiii page 15)- 



one Amendment in each MVi years. 

Our most recent change, Hmiting 
Presidents to two 4-year terms (and 
Vice Presidents who serve more than 
two years to only one 4-year elected 
term) came out of complex experience 
which if continued could have very well 
led to totalitarian statism. 

On February 25, 1913, by Amend- 
ment Number XVI, we gave the Fed- 
eral Government the greatest source of 
its power and control over our lives. 
Upon that Amendment rests the power 
of the Federal Government "to lay and 
collect taxes on incomes from whatever 
source derived." The result has been 
the graduated tax upon incomes, under 
which a mushrooming federal bureauc- 
racy flourishes and is confiscating more 
and more of our pay checks, old age 
investment dividends and the capital to 
continue the growth and job opportuni- 
ries of our free enterprise economy. The 
section of the Constitution which we 
permitted to be amended provided that 
Congress could not levy unequal taxes 
upon us as individual citizens. The 
Amendment was adopted when we were 
approaching World War I and under 
representations to the people that the 
tax levy would be only a nominal 1% 
or 2%. We The People must, in our 
suffering, "trim the locks" of this Giant 
and at least find some way to limit the 
vast power inherent in this Amendment 
of our fundamental law. 

Experience has brought many of us 
also to the fact that, without legally 
amending the Constitution, crafty men 
have found an easier way, they think, to 
subvert our Constitutional rights and 
laws: by slipping through the Senate a 
ratification of some "treaty" with a for- 
eign government, or United Nations in- 
volvement, which, without our realizing 
it, will supersede our own federal and 
state laws. We have seen that deft men, 
knowing the impossibility of getting 
their schemes of regimentation accepted 
by us through public Constitutional 
Amendments, have— more than once- 
made them "Constitutional" (in spite 
of our courts) by inserting slick para- 
graphs and phrases into some treaty 
signed by a President and ratified quick- 
ly by a mere two-thirds vote of Senators 
present. We The People, caught off 
guard by this device of "treaty law," 
have been for five years drafting, and 
redrafting, a new amendment which 
will, in the future, prevent the words of 
any treaty from nullifying the laws of 
our states, or of the Congress. A clari- 
fying and concise amendment to prevent 
the encroachment of our rights by treaty 
law is imperative. 

Most of the Amendments that have 
obtained our consent have succeeded 



only after mounting national insistence 
and several unsuccessful starts, and 
have often been initiated by alert citi- 
zens rather than by the selfish brand of 
politicians. Beginning with only scat- 
tered support, secured by citizen-to- 
citizen mail, and then gathering strength 
as We The People became better in- 
formed they have been adopted. 

The test We The People should apply 
to any proposed amendment is: Does 
it preserve and add to the personal and 
community rights our citizens already 
enjoy? Or does it whittle away rights 
we have legally inherited? Does it pre- 
serve and fortify our sovereignty as a 
state or republic? Or does it subject us to 
domination by or involvement in inter- 
nationalistic mirages? 

The only reason for us to ratify a new 
Amendment is a necessity for affirming 
new powers for the people of the United 
States. History gives us two examples 
of fraudulently devised "Constitutions" 
which seemed to grant all sorts of rights 
and liberties to citizens, yet allowed dic- 
tatorships to enslave them and involve 
them in international catastrophes from 
which they will never recover. These 
are the "Constitution" of Nazi Socialist 
Germany under which Hitler regimented 
the German people, and the "Constitu- 
tion" of the Soviet regime under which 
Stalin and his successors have filled 
Russia's slave labor camps and liquida- 
tion prisons with Russians. 

Into each of these paper documents 
there was inserted a short paragraph 
which stated that all the liberties and 
securities granted in preceding para- 
graphs were to be enjoyed by citizens 
"according to law." The paragraph 
omitted saying that the liberties and 
securities listed would come to the 
people according to laws issued by Hit- 
ler and Stalin. Neither the Nazi nor 
Soviet "Constitution" contained any 
brakes on laws decreed daily by a 
dictator. The Germans and Russians 
awakened to this deception when it was 
too late, when they discovered that each 
liberty or security itemized in their 
"Constitutions" was taken away from 
them by a tricky little phrase they had 
failed to analyze: "according to dic- 
tated law." 

The Senators and Congressmen we 
elect, and the Supreme Court Justices 
affirmed by the Senate after public hear- 
ings, are responsible for preventing any 
such trickery from ensnaring us. Nor 
can we be complacent. For instance, we 
must be alert to the fact that it may be 
easier for the enemies of our Constitu- 
tion to subvert nine Supreme Court Jus- 
tices than 96 Senators and 435 Con- 
gressmen. We have had Presidents who 
tried to usurp the Constitutional au- 



44 • THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 



thorities of our Congress and there is 
disturbing evidence that we may have 
Supreme Court Justices who will try not 
to interpret the Constitutionality of Con- 
gressional laws but to make laws or 
"decrees" for us. A subverted Supreme 
Court will be more dangerous to us 
than an infiltrated Congress. 

Up to now there have been fewer 
amendments aimed at curtailing the 
powers of the Supreme Court, supposed 
guardian and interpreter of the Consti- 
tution, than at the two other balanced 
branches of the federal government— the 
legislative, which makes our laws, and 
the executive, which carries them out. 
From 1789 to 1933 We The People 
concurred in Supreme Court decisions 
which ruled un-Constitutional 64 laws 
and 84 parts of laws passed by Con- 
gresses. The first act of a Congress 
which was ruled illegal was an act, in 
1 789, that would have greatly increased 
the powers of the Court itself; Chief 
Justice Marshall and six scholarly Jus- 
tices unanimously agreed that Supreme 
Court power should not be increased. 

More acts of the 73 rd Congress— 
1933-35— were found un-Constitutional 
by the Supreme Court than of any other 
previous or subsequent Congress. The 
73rd Congress was labeled "Rubber 
Stamp Congress" because it passed all 
sorts of trick laws sent to it from a 
White House "brain trust." Among 
these were the Agricultural Adjustment 
Act of 1933; the National Industrial 
Recovery Act of 1933; the Gold Clause 
Repeal Resolution of 1933; the Bank- 
ruptcy Act of 1934; the Railroad Retire- 
ment Act of 1934; and the Guffey Coal 
Conservation Act of 1934. Only an alert 
Supreme Court saved us from the un- 
usual and unwise actions of the 73rd 
Congress. There is growing concern 
that the Supreme Court will not remain 
the sentinel HV T/w People can depend 



on. In the light of recent experience it 
is evident that the power of the Court 
must be curtailed by appropriate and 
immediate legislation. A subverted Su- 
preme Court can make our wishes, as 
acted upon by our Congress, futile; 
liquidate the Constitutional authorities 
of our Congress to act as our alert 
Washington investigator; decree traitors 
and traitorous acts as "legal"; allow 
socialistic agents and acts to creep into 
every corner of our Republic— just by 
its month to month "decisions." There 
is a liability, as well as an asset, in the 
fact that a Supreme Court Justice holds 
office for life. If we allow the wrong 
kind of man to be nominated by a 
President and affirmed into this lifetime 
authority by a passive majority of the 
Senate present, we have only ourselves 
to blame. Our Constitution has given us 
the weapon for protecting our Republic 
and our communities from Supreme 
Court dictation. 

Make certain, now in September, 
1957, that your copy of the Constitution 
is always handy for reference. There 
can be no more worthwhile moments 
spent by our citizens than in the reread- 
ing, in family gatherings. Legion Posts, 
and community halls, of this unique 
document— so intellectually and patrioti- 
cally astute that even England's great 
scholar and Prime Minister. William 
Gladstone, singled it out as "the most 
wonderful work ever struck off at a given 
time by the brain and purpose of man." 

Beware of voices from Washington, 
or the men or women in your own 
community, who try to insult your in- 
telligence by saying that our Constitu- 
tion, while good enough for us as a 
small nation, is today "outmoded." 
needs to be "modernized" and made 
more "progressive." About the only 
thing our Constitution will ever need 
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versive ideologies and confiscatory fed- 
eral powers. 

Beware of stooges who are not smart 
enough to realize what party line, or 
whom, they are stupidly following. 

Beware of propaganda coming to you 
in the purported form of information, 
objective analyses or statistics. Figures 
don't lie but liars can figure. 

This is not an easy task for Ameri- 
cans with a live-and-let-live credo. But 
these are times when enemies, domestic 
and foreign, force it on us. 

We The People are men and women 
of very good will, handicapped at times 
by our native lack of suspicion of those 
who would destroy us, by our instinctive 
feeling of security and our desire for 
community tranquility, rather than con- 
troversy. But we must remember that 
it is our Constitution, alone, that pro- 
vides our security and tranquility. 



There will never be more than a 
divisive minority among our millions 
who won't want to hand down oppor- 
tunity and tranquility to our grand- 
children. We must make certain that the 
votes, the voices and the writings of any 
such minority do not sound louder than 
ours— in Washington. 

We have learned by experience to 
tack a card near our phones in case we 
need policemen or firemen quickly. We 
should keep the names and addresses of 
our Senators and Congressmen, and our 
State legislators, equally handy on our 
writing desks— so our votes, past and 
future, are not forgotten. 

That is the answer to "What can / 
do?" 

We The People, by intelligence and 
vigilance, can do whatever we want to 
do to preserve our Constitutional rights 
and liberties! the end 



THIS WAS TOKYO "D" PLUS "I" 

(Continued front page 13) 



nese civilians had somehow gathered 
together scraps of burned and rusted 
corrugated tin and had erected little 
shanties, a sort of run-down Erector-set 
village. Occasionally you'd see a Japa- 
nese gentleman step out of his hut, stark 
naked. He'd wash his face in a basin, 
defecate (that seemed to be constant), 
and look around in a sort of daze. 

We got through Kawasaki and came 
to a long bridge; at the far end of it 
there was a roadblock. Two Japanese 
Army privates waited. They were in the 
familiar olive uniform. 

"Tokyo?" Birch called, pointing ahead. 

The sentries bowed, saluted, and 
knocked themselves out speaking rapid- 
ly in Japanese. They seemed to be trying 
to make us feel we should not proceed, 
but that they would not stop us from 
doing so. We proceeded. 

We had a feeling that by this time 
we were pretty definitely on the outskirts 
of Tokyo, which at this moment was the 
Long Promised Land. We were that 
close, we saw in a short time. It was like 
entering New York via New Rochelle, 
or Chicago via Gary, or Boston via Mai- 
den. A gradual process of running into 
heavier traffic, larger buildings. 

As we moved closer to the dead cen- 
ter of Tokyo, the devastation grew no- 
ticeably less. This was because we were 
moving away from the industrial sectors 
and closer to the business districts— and 
the Imperial Palace, moat and all. 

Now people stared at us in abandoned 
amazement. We were goldfish in a bowl 
—that GI jeep was probably the first one 
these Japanese civilians had ever seen. 
They looked sullen. It was not a pleas- 
ant feeling. We were people from a 
spaceship who had landed in the middle 
of the neon of Times Square. War or 
no war, this was a teeming metropolis 



and we, in our khaki, must have been 
a forbidding sight to these lately-de- 
feated people. Japanese soldiers by the 
gross mixed with civilians. They were 
in uniform. They had rifles. They walked, 
bicycled, stared as they stood on the 
curbs. 

"No troops," Petit said. 

"Plenty," Milligan said. "But the 
wrong kind." 

We went past what we knew must be 
the Tokyo Grand Central Station— tracks 
streamed out of it on all sides, like a 
mass of sprawling confetti. More Japa- 
nese clogged the path. More stared. The 
buildings were getting larger— eight and 
ten stories now— and the road was sud- 
denly carrying us alongside a moat. The 
moat, we were sure. 

On both sides of the road were small, 
fat willow trees. In the middle of the 
road were islands of them. Then, far off 
to the right, we saw a big, white build- 
ing. It was four or five stories high, from 
a quick look, and as flat on top as a 20- 
cent hamburger. Spires mounted into 
the sky. 

This had been the dream since boot 
camp. Nobody had really expected to 
get to Tokyo. We were here, we were 
looking at it. We could not speak, just 
stare. 

Hunter made a couple of sharp turns 
and could not stop driving, entirely, on 
the right side of the road. Bicyclists 
avoided us like geese avoid buckshot. 
Now we were in the heart of what we 
knew must be the business district. Be- 
cause the business district looks the 
same, Terre Haute or Tokyo. 

Eight and ten stories was the measure 
of all of them. Conservative, impressive, 
efficient looking. But every one was 
burned out by incendiaries, down to the 
second floor. 



4^ • THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 



We hit the Ginza, the poor man's 
Broadway. Hunter turned. We pushed 
on and touhd ourselves muddling 
through a batch ot movie houses, going 
full blast. There were Japanese grog 
shops doing business, restaurants, elec- 
tric signs— just about everything but a 
flea circus. And this was D plus 1. 

Then we goofed past the Imperial 
Hotel, the Waldorf-Astoria of this town. 
Hunter pulled the car up at the curb. 
Somehow we'd expected from its name 
and international reputation that it 
would be a towering building. It was a 
motel, without a swimming pool. Actu- 
ally, it looked no more than two stories 
high, sprawled for distance. A curving 
horseshoe-shaped driveway (which we 
walked) led us to the lobby entrance. 
There was a little pond covered with 
lilies inside the horseshoe. 

We entered the lobby and immediate- 
ly felt the impact of the atmosphere, 
which fitted the hotel's name. It had that 
rich, formal austerity of a palace. It was 
a mass of marble, brick, and cement, 
but was tastefully furnished, lobbywise. 
A balcony ran around the side. Lots of 
iron grillwork predominated, along with 
voices in a low, nicely modulated key. 
The place really reeked with good 
breeding. 

The bellhops were all young Japanese 
girls. Ideas, that way, were brushed to 
one side. We were six against a city. But 
they were good looking and handled 
themselves like airline hostesses. They 
sort of glided about and registered quiet 
good taste. 

We walked over to the desk. The 
head man there looked a little bit startled 
when he saw us and our khaki. He was 
well dressed, as unctuous as a Madison 
Avenue executive at his gray flannel 
best. And he spoke fluent, barely ac- 
cented English. 

"May I be of assistance to you gen- 
tlemen?" 

"We are correspondents," we told 
him. "We would like to engage a room 
for the night." 

He smiled pleasantly, shook his head. 
"Tokyo has been declared out of bounds 
for Americans by your leader. General 
MacArthur. We are not at liberty, under 
the strictest of military rule, to supply 
quarters. I am most sorry." 

So were we. We'd had plans. How- 
ever, creating an international incident 
did not seem feasible. And at last count 
there were six million Japanese around, 
and six of us. No deal. 

We inquired as to the location of the 
Domei News Agency. (The hotel clerk 
spoke so formally that he had all of us 
making polite noises, like butlers.) We 
went to Domei. It was nearby, and we 
walked. There were not many automo- 
biles on the streets and those that were 
seemed to be mostly Fords, Chevvies, 
Plymouths, Pontiacs. There was a Pack- 



ard now and then. The very tiny Japa- 
nese cars, with the right hand drive, 
looked like elaborate toys scooting 
about. 

We got money from Domei, at a ratio 
of 15 yen to each of our pooled dollar 
bills. Then we went back to the Ginza. 
to a department store called Matuya's. 
It was about ten stories high and, as 
usual, only the first two floors were not 
burned out. There wasn't much to buy 
for the souvenir department, only van- 
ity cases, cigarette cases, cheap jewelry, 
and such. 

When we approached, the girls be- 




"Thiee bucks an hour just tor that?" 

AMKltKAN' I.KGION MAGAZIVl 

hind the counters always looked as 
startled as someone who has just swal- 
lowed a goldfish. We would point at a 
thing in our price bracket (yen tags 
were on all of them) and in this man- 
ner we made our transactions. People 
crowded around, staring at us as though 
we were six Stan Musials. 

We went back to the hotel, picked 
up the car, and headed past the moat, 
the Imperial Palace, the railroad station. 
We were veteran Tokyo travelers now. 
We hadn't seen an American since we'd 
left Yokohama, but on the way back 
we passed the jeep that had the two 
Yank guys in it. Both jeeps were travel- 
ing in too much of a hurry for any talk. 
When we got back to The Bund Hotel 
in Yokohama, a civilian correspondent 
we knew met us in the lobby. 

"I guess I should have stood on 
Guam," he said. "This is a very dead 
show. Tokyo is still off limits and the 
way things look it will be off limits 
quite a while." 

"Well," Milligan said, "that's how it 
is." He pulled out a cigarette case he'd 
bought on the Ginza, snapped it open 
and offered one to the correspondent. 
He took it. Then he stared at the case. 
"Where'd you get that?" he demanded. 

"1 just been shopping," said Milligan. 

THE END 



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THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER IW? 



• 47 




1 e 6 I O N 

ROD 



AND 



GUN 



CLUB 




By jack DENTON SCOTT 



FROM THE CUT of our mail, fisliing is 
still the order of the day, and one of our 
readers reminds us: "Even when winter 
moves in, the fisherman can fare well in 
Florida, and I don't mean the expensive, 
big game, salt water fisiiing in charter 
boats. Florida has 30,000 named fresh water 
lakes and 166 rivers, bodies of water that 
offer sporty and inexpensive fishing. . . ." 
A bit early perhaps, but something worth 
pasting in j our hat. This winter fishing 
idea also goes for other states in southern 
localities. 

CHUCK SCHILLING, well known Florida 
fisherman and outdoor writer reports that 
Florida has made the snook a game fish, 
not to be sold over commercial fish count- 
ers. Hats off to the Florida legislature and 
Gov. LeRoy Collins. The State of Florida 
values its sport fisheries at $200,000,000 an- 
nually and its commercial fisheries at $39,- 
000,000 annually. 




IF YOU WOULD LIKE to build a gun 
rack or cabinet we recommend Dave Fish- 
er's booklet on the subject which shows 
six professionally designed st>'les created 
to display and protect your guns and shoot- 
ing equipment. Dave Fisher is a well- 
known outdoorsman, houndman and 
sports-writer. 

The booklet is 32 pages and cover and 
has illustrations and working drawings of 
six different styles of gun racks or cabinets; 
some just simple wall or standing racks, 
others are glass enclosed cabinets. Capacity 
from four to seven guns. Anyone hand)' 
with tools can build them. Specially priced 
at 50 cents, from Ithaca Gun Company, 
Ithaca, New York. 

JOHN V. NASH, 816 -35th St. N. E., 
Cedar Rapids, Iowa, has one for duck 
hunters; "To help remo\e anchor lines 
from decoys after use, to protect them 
from being marred and the lines being 
tangled, I suggest that you tie a safety pin 
on the end of the line which attaches to 
the deco>-. Even if you're wearing glo\ es 
you can then attach or detach the anchor 
lines quickly and efficientU ." 



"HAVE YOU EVER LOST a small but vital 
screw from \our favorite reel when far 
out on the bay.'" asks Harry J. 0'Sulli\ an, 
of 3925 Park Avenue, Seaford, N. Y. "If 
\'ou have, get a soft lead sinker out of 
>'our tackle box and shave it down to about 
the size of the lost screw. Then twist it 
gcnth' into the cmpt\' screw hole. This 
emergenc\' lead screw will stay in the reel 
until >'ou find time to visit a local tackle 
store." 




MRS. RUSSELL J. RHOADS, SR., Stan- 
wood, low a, belie\ cs in keeping equipment 
in good shape. "Treat >our minnow or 
landing nets and make them last," she sa> s, 
"b\- dipping them in linseed oil and hang- 
ing them up to dry. This will double the 
life of the nets and make them shed water." 

GEORGE LA YCOCK, one of our contribu- 
tors on outdoor articles and whose piece 
"Look out for that Deer," runs in our 
October issue, was named winner in the 
magazine field in a contest among outdoor 
writers sponsored by the Outdoor \\'riters 
Association and Johnson Alotors, outboard 
motor manufacturers. 

Laycock was cited for his informative 
articles about lake development, and pro- 
motion of outdoor recreational areas. 

WE WERE INTERESTED in hearing that 
the N'crsatile Crossmaii air rifle, motiels 100, 
101, 102, has been con\erted b\- some 
State Conservation organizations to shoot 
small steel darts made of drill bits. The 
darts are dipped in nicotine salic> late and 
deer are shot and anestiietizcd in this man- 
ner so that tiie\- may be tagged, counted 
and transferred to other ranges. New- 
Mexico led in this experiment, and it was 
found that the deer suffered no ill effects. 

THIS IS THE TIME of year to w rite to 
L. L. Bean of Freeport, iMaine for your 
free copy of his fall catalogue on gear for 
the outdoorsman. L. L. Bean has supplied 
hunters, campers and fishermen with 
proper equipment including clothing and 
ft)ot-wear for \ ears. 



BOW HUNTING is on the rise. Last year 
216,854 archers in 45 States bagged 7,635 
deer and countless predators and small 
game. If >ou're interested in knowing 
more about the sport, it might be helpful 
to subscribe to the excellent magazine. The 
National BowJ.ninter. It's in its 12th year 
of publication and does an excellent job of 
reporting the sport in all of its phases. The 
subscription rate is $2.50 a year; 25 cents 
a single cop>'. Subscriptions and sample 
copies ma\' be obtained by writing: The 
National Boivl.nriiter, 28 East Jackson St., 
Hartford, ^^'is. 

DO YOU do trotline fishing with cotton- 
seed cakes? If >()u do, Bernard Lausc of 
Union, /Mo., sa\ s to put a single hook on 
each side of the cake. The hole that the 
line runs through should be in di- 

ameter. 




M. L. DONOHOE, 3902 AlacCorkle 
Avenue, S.E., Charleston 4, \'a., has 
help for the hunter. "Several \ears ago 
while deer hunting I slipped and dug the 
muzzle of ni\- rifle in snow and dirt. After 
searching for quite a time 1 found a hick- 
or\' sprout that I could split and after an 
hour or so I fashioned a crude ramrod to 
clean out the obstruction. I kept thinking 
about this and investigating gadgets that 
could be carried easily for such a contin- 
gency, but nothing proved worth while. 
Later on while working in the basement, 
I found some bent copper tubing that 
needed cleaning. I finalh' picked up a piece 
of bead chain and tied a loop of string to 
it and pulled it through the tubing. This 
put me to thinking about the gun situation 
and I came up with a cleaning gadget. I 
now use #6 bead chain for 30 caliber rifles. 
Natural!)', I fasten a cloth patch to the 
end of the chain. The chain is of monci 
metal and I never go rifle hunting without 
carrying one of these w itii me in ni)' w atch 
pocket." 

THIS SEASON after that day of hunting, 
don't lean )'our gun beside the fireplace, 
the radiator or wood-burning stove. Ex- 
treme hea'" blisters the stock finish. 
( Cuntiniicd on pai^e 52 ) 



4g • THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 



"I WAS A D.I. AT P.I." 

(Coutimifd from page 2i) 



squad leaders. This ought to prove that 
it takes guts to get along in the Marine 
Corps. Move out!" 

I decided I had my men properly in- 
timidated, and began marching them to 
the delousing station. When we arrived 
there, a surly master sergeant checked 
my platoon's number. "Your platoon is 
five minutes late," he snarled. "You 
know what the penalty is for that?" 

"You name it," 1 said, getting a firm 
grip on my swagger stick, "and I'll give 
it." 

"The penalty is five days in the brig 
at hard labor, on bread and water. For 
the Drill Instructor!" 

The platoon passed on to other hands, 
and I checked in at the brig. While 
there, I caught up on my studies— I read 
the regulations covering the Drill In- 
structor's job. 

It was all very simple, really. Regu- 
lations said the Drill Instructor was in 
sole, complete, absolute command of his 
platoon and all the recruits therein 24 
hours a day. Any time any platoon or 
individual recruit thereof was not pro- 
gressing according to regulations, the 
D.I. would be brigged for five days on 
bread and water. Regulations said the 
Drill Instructor was in sole, complete 

After five days I reluctantly said fare- 
well to the other D.I.'s in the brig and 
returned to my duties. 

I did not have to get up at 5:30 like 
an ordinary recruit. I had to get up at 
4:30, so that I would be fully dressed, 
awake, and ready for action when I 
woke them. And I wasn't forced to go 
to bed at 9:30 at night, as they were. I 
was forced to stay up until they had all 
settled down and had stopped moaning, 
sighing, having stomach aches, and 
needing drinks of water. When they 
were all tucked in and covered, I was 
allowed to retire. 

The first morning back on the job, I 
decided to get my new men in shape. I 
found a comfortable place to sit down, 
and shivering a little in the predawn 
chill, I ordered them to run around and 
around the mess hall at top speed, until 
it was time for breakfast. 

I was just about to drop off to sleep 
to the regular patter of their boondock 
shoes, when a lieutenant came up. "Are 
these your men?" he asked. 

I replied proudly that they were. • 

"Did you know," he said, "that a 
Marine Corps officer belongs at the head 
of his men? He is supposed to set an 
example for them. It is the responsibility 
of his rank." 

"Yes sir," I said, eying him with ad- 
miration. 

He sat down in the place I had made 
warm. "Then, what are you waiting for. 
Private? Get out there at the head of 



your platoon and run those men into 
the ground!" 

I darted in at the head of my platoon 
and began to run at top speed to keep 
from being run over. 

"Charge!" the lieutenant called cheer- 
fully as I panted wearily past him. The 
second time around, my head was split- 
ting, and I was dizzy. "You will make 
Marines or athletes out of them," the 
lieutenant cried out. The third time 
around, he was asleep, and I allowed 
myself to collapse. The platoon kept 
running, and since no one had ordered 
difi'erently, they ran over my prostrate 
body. Later, when I was rescued, I found 
out that it was a platoon of cross-coun- 
try runners. 

These little incidents did not discour- 
age me. I still had it in my mind to bully 
helpless recruits, and I intended to do 
so as soon as I found some. But some- 
how, the last of the fear-stricken re- 
cruits in the Corps seemed to have been 
the men I came through with. 

I remember the time my platoon was 
getting ready for an inspection by the 
company commander. According to the 
schedule, my men were supposed to 
know how to forward march, right and 
left face, stand at attention, and cor- 
rectly answer three questions: name. 



serial number, and what does the 
thoughtful Marine carry on a long 
march? 

I drilled my men on these matters 
for an entire day. "Now you stupid 
knuckleheads remember this," I said. 
"If you forget the answer, you are to 
tell the captain that you were instructed, 
but it has temporarily slipped your 
memory. You were instructed, but. . . ." 

When the inspection was held, the 
first ten men couldn't answer anything 
except, "Sir, I was instructed. . . . " 

The 11th man knew his serial num- 
ber and what to carry on a long march. 
When it came to his name, he faltered. 
"Sir," he said, his big brown eyes look- 
ing straight at the Captain, "we haven't 
been taught that yet." 

Five days later I came out of the brig 
to hook up with another platoon, which 
was studying judo. Regulations said I 
was to teach it. I did it as I had seen it 
done by my old D.I. I instructed a re- 
cruit to draw his bayonet and face me. 

"Now," I said, "I will show you how 
to disarm a man who attacks you un- 
expectedly with a knife. I want you to 
attack me unexpectedly, and try to kill 
me with that bayonet. You will come at 
me without warning, by the numbers 
in. . . ." 




PRINCE ALBERT 

THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 • 49 



Before I could say slow motion, the 
stupid knucklehead sprang at me unex- 
pectedly with his bayonet, and drove 
the point at my throat. The only thing 
that saved my life was the high leather 
collar I was wearing, a piece of my 
original uniform that I still liked to 
affect. 

1 was in the hospital five days (on 
bread and water) and came out to join 
another platoon that was on the rifle 
range. Things went along fine until I 
saw some feather merchant stand up 
and let the barrel of his rifle swing 
around. 

"Hey! You!" I bellowed, rushing for- 
ward with upraised swagger stick. "I'll 
teach you to swing that rifle around!"" 

The startled little yardbird cringed in 
fear, but he cringed with his trigger 
finger. His bullet creased my skull, and 
I went down like a D.I. who has just 
been shot. 

By the time I recovered from this in- 
cident, I was beginning to get a little 
weary of bullying helpless recruits. And 
life didn't get any better. At inspection 
one of my recruits, instead of handing 
me his rifle with a snappy gesture, 
snapped it to me with a handy gesture, 
and I caught his Ml full in the face. 
That afternoon 1 discovered that the 
platoon had flunked barracks inspec- 
tion and consequently wouldn t be al- 
lowed to see the outdoor movie that 
night. As their D.I., I merely lost a 
month's pay and four weekend passes. 

The final blow came when I lost a re- 
cruit. I called his name at rollcall, but 
he was not there. Nobody knew where he 
was or what happened to him. He was 
listed as missing and presumed dead. 



children who find and play with a loaded 
handgun kept for defense. Bicycles, in 
contrast, take about 400 lives, most of 
them youngsters. A great deal depends 
on where a firearm is kept, as will be 
discussed later. 

You don't always have to have a pis- 
tol to defend yourself. Last January one 
of my business associates. Peter Beach, 
awoke to find a thief assaulting his head 
with a lamp. He managed to struggle 
out of bed and engage his assailant 
with an andiron and a glass vase. The 
intruder, incidentally, was over six feet 
and was rugged, according to the news- 
paper accounts. Pete is of average 
height. While the grappling was going 
on, Mrs. Beach telephoned police. They 
arrived too late to save the thief from 
severe bruises and lacerations. Mr. 
Beach did not "interfere" with the in- 
truder. It was the other way around. 
Even if Pete had had a gun in his night 
table (he didn't), he might not have 
been able to get at it, though he did get 
the andiron— an eff'ective weapon but 



How this happened when the platoon 
had never been out of the squad room 
except to go to the parade ground, I 
did not know. 

While in the brig, I struck up a con- 
versation with another D.I. who had 
been incarcerated for having one recruit 
too many in his platoon. We had plenty 
of time to work out the entire problem, 
and later it was confirmed by investiga- 
tion. Our two platoons had been sitting 
close together during a lecture on hand 
grenades. This recruit had marched off 
with the wrong platoon. 

Well, the way things are in the Corps, 
with every boot walking around in 
oversized dungarees, with a skinned 
head and a pale, frightened look, no- 
body (including the recruit) even knew 
he was lost! Until one day when the 
boy's hair grew out, he recognized him- 
self in the mirror, and he realized he 
was in the wrong place. 

The Marine Corps gave me one more 
chance to be a real, tough, fearsome 
D.I. I needed practice; so I wandered 
around until I saw a skinny little kid 
wearing dungaree pants, a skivvy shirt, 
and a sun helmet. 

I called him to attention. He moved 
his head; so I whapped him over the 
helmet with my swagger stick. He 
started to protest; so I ordered him to 
do calisthenics. He did them until he 
was weak. Then I ran him around in 
the sand for half an hour. After that I 
made him clean the mess hall stove with 
steel wool, then put a bucket over his 
head and repeat certain lines of poetry 
having to do with horses and donkeys, 
as it were. 

Pretty soon I saw the look I wanted 



SOMEONE'S IN THE HOUSE! 

( Coiiliiiiud from I'tige 2J) 

one not ordinarily found in bedrooms. 
However Mrs. Beach could have got 
the gun. And suppose Pete had lost the 
fight? He might have been killed. And 
it seems likely that this thug was not 
just after money, or he wouldn't have 
attacked a sleeping man in an unawak- 
ened house. 

There is no use turning our backs to 
the half million burglaries which occur 
in this country each year nor to the fact 
that the hazards of rape and assault can 
invade the home itself. True, the crimi- 
nals are usually caught, in the long run. 
This is a well-policed country— surpris- 
ingly so when you remember that the 
policeman gets so little recognition and 
pay for the intelligence, courage, dis- 
cipline, and loyalty demanded by his 
profession. But must the private Ameri- 
can citizen depend wholly on the police 
force? Or should he not be permitted— 
some people think encouraged— to take 
defensive measures himself? Would 
there be as many housebreakings if more 
householders were armed and able to 



to see in his eyes. Terror, misery, abject 
fear, and submission. "All right, you," 
I snarled. "What's your snipe-eating 
name?" 

'L . . . L . . . Lieutenant Charles 
Baker, Sir," he stuttered. "S - s - serial 
number 000222888956745360984. I 
just finished my training, and I'm to be 
the new commanding officer of this 
battalion." 

Well, when I got out of the brig, 1 
was shipped to the little, remote, humid 
Pacific island I mentioned earlier in this 
story. 

One night a bunch of us were pinned 
down in a foxhole by mortar fire, and, 
to make the time pass more quickly, we 
began telling stories about our rough ex- 
periences in the Corps. 

■Til never forget how I suffered in 
Boot Camp,"' one boy said in the dark- 
ness. "I had the biggest, meanest D.I. 
you ever saw. Six feet, four inches tall; 
250 pounds of mean muscle and bully- 
ing bone. Voice like a factory whistle. 
Man, the way he used to knock us 
around and torture us and make life 
miserable. Oh, he was a big, tough, ter- 
rible character!" 

I looked closely at the speaker as 
someone fired a flare. It was one of my 
ex-recruits. One from the platoon of 
professional football players. Smiling 
happily, I lay back and went to sleep to 
the murmur of bursting artillery shells, 
and the lullaby of shrieking Japanese 
troops on the attack. There was nothing 
to fear. Marines always tell the truth 
about their D.I.'s, and if what that man 
had said was true, nothing less than a 
silver bullet could do me any harm. 

THE END 



use their arms effectively in defense? 

Before discussing what kind of weap- 
on a man might select for defense of 
his home and how and when to use it 
and not to use it, J want to make one 
thing absolutely clear. Anyone who tries 
to arrest or attack a burglar just to save 
his money is a fool. The average prop- 
erty loss per burglary is only $175— 
hardly enough to justify risking your life 
when the odds are so great against you. 
But if there is reason to fear violence, 
then a man has to protect himself and 
his family. I believe he can do that best 
with a gun. 

Sometime during this year, figures 
show, 32,500 Legionnaires are going 
to be burglarized. Suppose it happens to 
you? You awake and slowly become 
aware of a mysterious sound. Although 
you are terrified, you listen. You realize 
that this is no false alarm. What should 
you do? Don't scream. Don't reach for 
the telephone. It may be harder to lie 
there than to jump up and tackle him. 
But don't tackle him. He knows where 



50 • THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 



you are: you can only guess where he 
is in the darkness. And the chances are 
overwhehning that he's armed. If you're 
lucky, he'll take what he wants and go. 
Tlieii call police. 

A burglar will sometimes flash a light 
in your face and start giving orders. Do 
what he says. Talk as little as possible; 
don't stare at him. Especially if he's 
young (it's an even chance he is), don't 
cross him. But without seeming to do 
so, try to remember what he looks like 
—his height, weight, clothes, how he 
talks, any peculiar slang, the way he 
walks. If he's masked, try to remember 
the shape of his head, ears, jaw. After 
he's gone, don't touch anything till the 
police arrive. 

All this presupposes that the burglar 
is in your room, or close to it. when 
you become aware of his presence. If 
he's downstairs, call the police, then 
make a racket. If you've got a gun, get 
it, but hold it for eventualities. It may 
surprise you to know that you have no 
right to shoot an intruder just because 
he's in your house, unless he attempts 
or threatens violence. Nor do you want 
to shoot anyone if you can help it. Half 
of all persons arrested for burglary are 
18 or under. Even if he is a young punk, 
you don't want the life of a kid on your 
conscience. Ninety-nine times out of a 
hundred, noise will rout a burglar unless 
he's in the room with you or right out- 
side, in which case he'll probably try 
to silence you. Above all, be certain it's 
not some member of the household raid- 
ing the icebox or sleepwalking, nor 
some wacky or drunken friend. The gun 
is more for your morale and for ulti- 
mate defense in case you're dealing with 
a maniac. If you have any doubt about 
your ability to suppress your natural 
panic, don't have a gun. A man who has 
had military service is more likely than 
most men to know how he will react in 
a crisis. Be honest with yourself in this 
self-analysis. 

What if you only think there might 
be someone downstairs. Or your wife 
thinks so? The sensible thing to do is 
to wait it out. But if you're pretty sure 
it isn't anything but the cat, or a loose 
shutter, you probably do what I do. I 
get my gun. I check to be sure all mem- 
bers of the family are where they're 
supposed to be. I make lots of noise. 
If there should be anyone downstairs. 
I give him plenty of time to get out. 
Then I go down and inspect the pre- 
mises, after reminding myself where all 
the mirrors are. The uncocked but 
loaded gun bolsters my morale, that's 
all (never cock the gun — you might 
stumble or fall). If someone is waiting 
for me, and I'm foolish enough to go 
wandering around, at least I have some 
chance. I'll agree it's not w ise. I wouldn't 
do it if I really thought anyone were 
there. It's never fun. But if I feel I've 



got to do it. my .38 Special feels mighty 
comfortable in my hand. 

Many men consider a baseball bat 
as effective a weapon as any. So it would 
be, except that you will probably come 
up against an armed man. The shot- 
gun is also highly regarded by some. 
Certainly it is difficult to miss with a 
shotgun, and at short range it is dead- 
lier than any other weapon. But it is 
harder to swing on a sudden target, 
and of course it's an extremely difficult 
object to conceal in your bedroom. And 
it must be concealed where there are 
children. No one should consider dis- 





Don't delay a single day. Itching, red, raw, peeling 
or cracked skin between toes — these are Nature's 
warning of dreaded Athlete's Foot. Don't experiment 
— the danger of it spreading is too great. Get wonder- 
working Dr. SchoU's SOLVEX at once. Stops intense 
itching; kills the fungi it contacts; prevents spread- 
ing; promotes rapid healing. Don't accept a substi- 
tute — insist on clinic- tested Dr. SchoU's SOLVEX 
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A.MKKH ,\N I.l.f.iox .MAflAZINh, 



charging a highpower rifle in the home. 
The bullet would go through the walls 
of a whole row of lightly built modern 
frame houses. .So for most people the 
logical home defense weapon is the 
handgun. 

It is no defense to own a gun if you 
don't know how to use it. When I was 
a boy, my father brought out his bed- 
side revolver one Fourth of July. A 
whole covey of kids forsook their fire- 
crackers to see this lethal weapon dem- 
onstrated. My father selected a dead 
tree with a high earth bank as a back- 
stop. He fired first from a range of 
about 30 feet. Then he advanced to 
check his accuracy, followed by his ad- 
miring witnesses. There was no mark 
on the tree. He fired again, this time 
from 20 feet, with the same result. 
The next trial was at 10 feet. The tree 
was unscathed. Finally he got up so 
close that the gun was almost touching 
his target. And he missed! He was 
shooting double action, and pulling the 
gun out of line as he yanked the trigger. 
The better his aim, the surer the miss. 
My father wisely gave that gun away. 
It would only create an additional dan- 
ger if he ever had to use it in earnest. 

You don't need to become an expert 
to justify having a handgun, but you 




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THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • .SEI'TEMDLR 



• 51 



ROD AND GUN CLUB 

I Continued jroi// page 48) 

DEAN M. JONES, member of the Frank- 
Starr Post #47, Colvillc, Wash., tells us 
that he has something hot in the way of a 
camp stove. Here's the w ay he puts it: 

"Now for the first time I believe there is 
a dependable, sturdy, long-lasting, collaps- 
ible, wood burning camp stove developed 
for outdoor use. It can be knocked down 
or assembled in a jiffy and requires no 
clamps, screws or bolts. It simply presses 
together and is held in place by the top. 

"Made of 22 guage sheet iron and 
weighing 12 !> pounds, folded it can be 
placed in a carton and easily stored in the 
car, free of soot and dirt and witii little 
room required. The sto\ e retails for $18.50. 
There are also side plates available at $1.00 
each tlvat can be attached to citiier side 
for keeping food warm after cooking. 

For you "Do-It-Yourselfers," a set of 
plans and specifications can be purchased 
for $1.25 each. If you are handy with tools 
> ou may want to make your own stove. 
Write to Dean Jones, 509 So. Elm, Col- 
villc, A\'asli., for further information. 

SASKATCHEWAN, Canada, game officials 
have advised us that any reader of this 
column who wants to go moose hunting 
this year can call in big bull moose simply 
by whacking two dry sticks together. The 
moose, believing that the sound is a bull 
rival knocking his antlers, will rush in look- 
ing for a fight. 

A NEW film designed to tell the story 
of tlic handling of fish from catching to 
serving has just been released by the Fish 
and Wildlife Service. Called i'resb Out of 
the ]Fater, it is 16mm., in sound and color 
and runs 14 minutes. It w ill be available on 
loan, free of cliarge. 

Beginning with an underwater sequence, 
the film first shows the catching of fish, 
emphasizing the cleanliness of the fishing 
boats and the extreme care which is given 
fish from the moment of taking. The film 
then moves into a brief but comprehensive 
picture of what takes place before fish 
reach the consumer— the icing, freezing, 
filleting, canning, transporting and the 
niarlceting. Then it shows two steps so im- 
portant after the product is in the con- 
sumers' hands— the proper preparation of 
the food and, finally, serving it in an at- 
tractive manner. Further information rela- 
tive to the picture nia\- be obtained frt)m 
the Fish and AA'ildlife Service, Department 
of the Interior, \A'ashington 25, D. C. 

NOW THAT most States have adopted 
the Hunter Safety process of gun instruc- 
tion before issuing licenses, it would be 
wise to save your last year's hunting 
license, and present it as proof that you 
have passed the gun handling tests. Many 
States insist that you take the test every 
year unless yf)u ha\e \-our last year's li- 
cense or a certificate. 

If you have a helpful idea that pertains 
to Inintiiig or fishing, send it along. If we 
can use it, wc'W reward yon Kith a hunting 
or fishing atcessoiy. Address: Outdoor Editor, 
The Amoricdii Le'^iou Magazine, 720 Tifth 
Avenue, New ^'ork 19, New York. 



ought to put a couple of boxes of car- 
tridges through it once in a while, pref- 
erably in the presence of a skillful 
pistol shot. And it's a good idea to let 
your spouse fire a few rounds too. You 
may even get interested in target shoot- 
ing as a sport. The handgun game is 
the most challenging and intriguing of 
all forms of target shooting. 

If this gun of yours is to be ready 
in an emergency, it must be kept loaded 
and where you can get at it quickly. Yet 
it should be safe from curious fingers. I 
have a concealed compartment which I 
built behind the slanting headboard of 
my bed. I'll confess that while my chil- 
dren were young I kept the gun un- 
loaded, but kept cartridges ready in a 
homemade loading block. It wasn't 
much defense this way, but the only 
time I used it was on my noisy tours 
of the first floor, when I had plenty of 
time to load it and was almost positive 
my wife was wrong about an intruder 
being in the house. By the time the kids 
were old enough for the thorough edu- 
cation I gave them in guns, I was no 
longer afraid to keep it loaded. In an- 
other house I kept it, loaded, in the 
drawer of a bedside table. This drawer 
had a conventional lock, which I did 
not use. Instead I had a woodworking 
shop turn out a wooden thumbscrew, 
which was inserted from underneath 
the drawer into a threaded block inside. 
The drawer couldn't be opened until 
that hidden thumbscrew was withdrawn, 
which took only a quick twist of the 
finger. 

What's the best kind of defensive 
handgun? Well, thousands of Legion- 
naires already have guns, including a 
great many foreign automatics brought 
back as souvenirs — Lugers, Walthers. 
etc. And a lot of cheap, small-caliber 
foreign automatics are now being im- 
ported to the U.S.A.; these guns are 
far short of our native products in every 
important aspect. Some of us have .45 
automatics such as were issued by the 
Services. I don't think any of these fit 
the specifications for the ideal bedside 
gun. 

I much prefer a revolver to an auto- 
matic. The revolver can be kept fully 
loaded without danger to the working 
parts. It is easier to use — no slides 
to work or safety levers to push. It's 
easy to see when it's cocked. It's easy 
to unload; there's no chance of for- 
getting the round in the chamber — as 
might be done with an automatic — and 
which causes many accidents. A cyl- 
inder gun is a bit more difficult for 
children's fingers to pull through the 
firing sequence. 

One safety feature claimed for the 
automatic is, I think, a hazard for the 
kind of use we're discussing. True, a 
loaded clip and an empty gun can be 
kept together, the clip to be inserted 



and the slide racked back only when 
needed. But all this takes time, whereas 
the revolver is ready right now. Some 
people keep the magazine in the pistol, 
but without a cartridge in the chamber. 
The trouble with this method is that 
the magazine of any automatic must 
have its cartridges contained in a spring- 
loaded magazine. If this magazine is 
kept loaded for a protected period, the 
magazine follower spring takes a "set," 
and a malfunction could result at a 
critical time. 

It is desirable that your gun should 
look vicious, even if you don't. Yet I'd 
recommend against the lethal new .357 
and .44 magnum blockbusters, wonder- 
ful though they are. You don't need that 
much gun; they're too heavy for your 
spouse; and the recoil is too much for 
a guy who isn't practised in their use. 
If I were to buy a gun just for defense, 
I'd certainly get one of the short barreled 
"bulldog" revolvers favored by detec- 
tives, in .38 Special caliber. This snub- 
nosed number is often accused of poor 
accuracy, loss of power, and excessive 
recoil. But the accuracy is more than 
adequate at the target and range you'd 
confront; power loss is slight. In fact. 
I load my gun with the mid-range tar- 
get load; this load has enough wallop 
and is less likely to go right through 
the house; it also reduces the recoil. 
Actually, I still occasionally fire a hand- 
gun for fun; so I'm content with my .38 
Special target revolver. I'm used to it. 
It's plenty mean-looking, is not too 
heavy, and it points nicely. 

Many men keep a gun just to fire 
out the window, to frighten of? prowlers. 
I remember one time when a next-door 
neighbor did just that. It sounded, 
through the thin-walled house, as if the 
shot had gone off in our bedroom. My 
wife and I started up. "What was that?" 
she quavered — that inevitable feminine 
question. I was calm, however. "That 
was a shistol pot," I announced. If there 
was a prowler, he had skedaddled by 
the time the police arrived. But I re- 
member that the police sergeant bawled 
out my neighbor for shooting in the air, 
because no one could say where that 
bullet might have gone. "Shoot into the 
ground if you want to scare someone," 
he told us. "Shoot straight down, so 
there'll be no ricochet. Then you know 
where the bullet is going." 

If you have to use your gun in an 
emergency, there is no time for aiming. 
You have to depend on what is called 
"point shooting" — shooting as in- 
stinctively as you point your finger. An 
expert can place six shots on a playing 
card at 20 feet. You can't. When you 
go out for your practice session, try 
yourself on point shooting at short 
range. Grip hard, and keep your arm 
rigid. One expert I know recommends 
pushing the gun forward as you fire. If 



52 



• THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 



you should have time to plan your shot 
(say. while waiting at the head of the 
stairs when noise has tailed to rout an 
intruder), I'd suggest using both trembl- 
ing hands to hold that one-handed gun. 
You grip the gun normally, then grasp 
the wrist of your gun hand with your 
free hand. This is the most accurate 
way to use any handgun — if you have 
time. 

There are legal difficulties surround- 
ing ownership of handguns. The thou- 
sands of Legionnaires who already own 
pistols or revolvers are already cleared 
— 1 hope! If not, ask a lawyer friend 
how best to get yourself cleared. Don't 
continue to own an illegal gun in any 
State which requires registration or li- 
censing. The consequences can be really 
serious. In many places it's a felony. 

The pros and cons of firearms regis- 
tration are too many for detailed con- 
sideration in this article. Advocates 
claim that registration: Reduces crime 
by making it harder for undesirables to 
obtain weapons; makes it easier to solve 
crimes by tracing weapons; and aids 
apprehension of criminals by making it 
possible to arrest persons found in pos- 
session of unregistered weapons. Op- 
ponents point out that it is easy for a 
criminal to get a gun, that of course he 
wouldn't register it, and that making 
it hard for honest citizens promotes the 
security of the criminal. They can 
demonstrate that there is not less crime 
in States like New York with stringent 
laws on handgun registration than in 
States like peaceable Vermont, which 
take a lenient view of ownership by 
law-abiding citizens. The most extreme 
regulation is in New York City, which 
certainly does not have a proud record 
on crime rates. 

While some trouble must be taken, 
I think that the difficulty of owning a 
gun in most parts of the country has 
been exaggerated. Your right to own a 
gun is protected by the Constitution. 
State and city laws regulating that right 
vary widely and change frequently; so 
no tabulation can be given here. Check 
the attorney general of your State or 
your local police chief on current regu- 
lations. All States forbid the unlicensed 
carrying of concealed weapons. A few 
States make it very tough to get a permit 
for a hip-pocket gun. But it is not or- 
dinarily too difficult to get a permit to 
buy and keep a gun in your home. 
Last time I counted, 3 1 States had some 
restriction on ownership; 17 merely pro- 
hibited unauthorized concealment on 
the person. Thirty-five States did not 
require any pre-purchase license for 
an adult citizen without a criminal rec- 
ord. The others require that you get 
some form of purchase permit. Rhode 
Island demands a $300 bond, but I be- 
lieve it is the only State which has such 
a tough requirement. For the most part. 



if you feel you want a defensive weap- 
on in your home, it will not be hard 
to get it. 

The decision on whether or not it 
is a good idea to have a handgun is 
yours. No one can share your respon- 
sibility. Remember that law enforce- 
ment agencies generally disapprove, 
though they cannot prohibit it. Some 
lives have been saved because the 
homeowner has been able to protect 
himself, and some criminals have been 
killed or captured. And some innocent 
lives have been sacrificed because there 
was a gun in the house. Unfortunately, 




"Which one was the defendant again?" 

AMEIiKAN I.KfilON MA<;AZINIO 



no one has kept track of these particular 
statistics; so even the police can't prove 
whether the bedside gun is more a haz- 
ard than a safeguard. 

Whatever your decision, it is a good 
idea to review in your mind what you 
should do if your home is invaded. 
Don't think you are safe from burglary 
because you are not rich — middle-class 
families suffer more frequently than 
wealthy ones. Don't think you're safe 
if you live in a small town or rural 
area. The rate is less, but there were 
90,000 burglaries in rural areas last 
year — and the police are usually a lot 
further away. 

Your best procedure is to prevent 
burglars from visiting your home. Don't 
talk to strangers about money and valu- 
ables in your home. Let the police know 
when you're going to be away for any 
length of time. Keep a phone by your 
bed and know the telephone number of 
your police department. It's on the first 
page of your telephone directory. The 
operator can relay your call to the 
proper precinct if you just ask for police, 
but in some areas she can do it faster 
if you know the number. Good luck. 
And may all your alarms be false ones. 

THE END 



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THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 • 53 



PHONES ON WHEELS 

— ((.ontiiimil from ptige 17) — 



He was recently rescued from a very 
embarrassing situation by having a 
phone handy. The clergyman was to 
perform a wedding ceremony at 7:00 
p.m. at the residence of the bride-to-be. 
Through an error he was sent to an- 
other home. He got there just a few 
minutes before seven only to learn it 
was the wrong address. His real destina- 
tion was at the other end of the city. 
The radio-phone company's dispatcher, 
who fortunately knew the town, routed 
him over short cuts, and he arrived at 
the proper address only a few minutes 
late, and just in time to prevent the 
bride from keeling over in a nervous 
collapse. 

A kind and thoughtful son in Cali- 
fornia had a radiophone installed in the 
car of his 80-year-old father, so that the 
old gentleman could summon help if 
needed while out on the road. 

Automobile salesmen have found 
that the car phone is a gold mine. They 
install one in a new model and drive up 
and park it in front of the prospect's 
home or office. Then they phone and 
tell him to look out of the window, and 
then come out and inspect "America's 
finest and most beautiful motor car." 
They say this method of selling is far 
superior to television, because the pros- 
pect usually comes out and takes a ride 
in the car and often buys one. 

Boy Scout troops frequently take a 
phone-equipped car or truck on over- 
night camping trips to provide facilities 
for contacting their parents. Sometimes 
a boy takes sick or has to be sent home 
for some reason, such as homesickness. 

Some subscribers install phones in 
their cars, but never make a call. They 
cannot afford to be "unreachable" for 
decisions on urgent matters. They are 
not called often, but when they are 
those calls are very important and usu- 
ally quite profitable. 

It is just the reverse with William 
Zeckendorf, one of the world's largest 
and busiest real estate operators. He 
does much of his phoning from his car, 
while traveling to and from his office. 
Thus he manages to shave an hour or 
two a day oflf a tight work schedule. 

But for their car-phone, the crew of 
an armored truck might still be sitting 
by the roadside near Hempstead, N. Y. 
tightly locked in their bulletproof vehi- 
cle. They had a flat tire. Their com- 
pany's rule forbade their changing it 
(to eliminate the danger of hoodlums 
sprinkling the road with tacks to cause 
a flat, then making a stickup when the 
crew gets out to fix it). A hurry call to 
Harry Baker in the answering office 
brought a repair gang, armed with riot 
guns, who quickly switched tires. 

It was over a two-way phone in the 



car of a plain citizen, a resident of Flag- 
stafl", Ariz., that the dramatic news of 
one of the most horrible airplane acci- 
dents in history was flashed to a startled 
nation. This disaster involved two major 
air lines, whose planes, fully loaded, 
collided in midair and crashed into 
Grand Canyon. 

The gentleman from Flagstafl" had 
picked up the news from a plane and 
phoned it in to Clayton Niles in the radio 
answering office at Tucson. Niles in turn 
released it to the press. 

Users of mobile phones often call in 
with information about automobile 
wrecks they encounter on the roads. 
The cars of many physicians are radio- 
equipped, and frequently these doctors 
are able to give first aid instructions as 
they speed to the scene of the accident. 

A New York State doctor received 
three consecutive emergency calls by 
phone, one concerning a head injury, 
the other a broken arm, and the third 
a serious cut. He was too far from town 




By Rev. HUGH L. RAUWOLF, 
O.F.M. Cap., 

Sacred Heart Church, Charleston, W. Va. 
Department Chaplain of West Virginia 

O God, Omnipotent Judge of the 
living and the dead, from Whom 
arc all holy desires, right counsels 
and just works, grant to us. Thy 
servants, the grace to know Thee 
well, to love Thee deeply and to 
serve Thee faithfully, so that, mind- 
ful always of Thy presence, we may 
show Thee honor as best we can, 
and, conscious of Thy Holy Law 
and living in the ways of Thy Com- 
mandments, we may seek ever to 
do what is right and just by our- 
selves, to our fellow man and for 
oiu" country, and thereby, acknowl- 
edging our complete dependence 
upon Thee, we may deserve to en- 
joy on earth that peace which 
comes only from Thee, and after 
our departure from this life w e may 
come into the everlasting happiness 
of heaven. Through Jesus Christ 
OiM" Lord. Amen. 



to render any assistance. He called his 
answering service and instructed it to 
contact three specialists. The result: a 
neurosurgeon, a bone specialist, and an- 
other surgeon responded as the patients 
were taken to the hospital. 

The answering service frequently gets 
frantic calls from mothers whose chil- 
dren have fallen down stairs, or broken 
up plastic toys and eaten the pieces. 
Often they are able to reach the doctor 
while he is in the vicinity of the home 
from which the mother is calling. In one 
instance the mother heard a knock on 
the door while she was still phoning. She 
shouted through the mouthpeiece, 
"There's the doctor now; tell him to 
wail a minute till I can get some clothes 
on!" 

More and more hospitals are install- 
ing their own radio transmitters to keep 
in touch with their ambulances and 
other vehicles. 

In Hillsboro, Ohio, Dr. W. L. Lukens, 
a veterinarian, has a reputation for un- 
usually prompt service in his area. His 
office and laboratory are located in a 
specially constructed truck. This travel- 
ing animal hospital is stocked with every 
instrument and every supply the doctor 
might ordinarily require. It has a hot- 
water tank, a pullout writing desk, and 
a swivel spotlight for night work. 

But the reason Dr. Lukens answers 
calls in minutes instead of hours is a 
two-way radiophone. When a farmer or 
animal owner telephones the doctor's 
home, the call is immediately relayed 
to him by radio. In an emergency he 
can give instructions on what to do un- 
til he can reach the animal. 

This setup seems to satisfy everyone 
—the doctor, his patients, and the home 
folks, the latter perhaps because he 
never has to use the family car to make 
a quick call on a sick cow. 

A terrific explosion occurred in South 
Amboy, N. J., in the early 1950's; there 
was a subsequent fire, and telephone 
lines were knocked out. A Newark, 
N. J., answering service broadcast ap- 
peals to all of their mobile radio cus- 
tomers to go to the scene and stand by 
as volunteers. Russell Barnes, the sta- 
tion's manager, met them there with 
signs reading, "Free phones for Emer- 
gency," which he put on his car and 
those of his customers. This improvised 
communications network was of inval- 
uable assistance to the Red Cross, the 
Regular Army, and the Salvation Army, 
all of whom were at work on the dis- 
aster. 

A similar service was rendered by the 
telephone company when mobile com- 
munications units were sent to the scene 
of the waterfront holocaust which 
shocked New York City in December 



54 • THE AMERICAN LEOION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 



1956 and destroyed an important pier. 

While it's true that morticians use 
radio on some vehicles, we have yet to 
find a car-phone that was installed on 
a hearse. Some slight idea of the other 
varied uses to which it has been put can 
be gained by a glance at the roster ot 
clients of one answering company, the 
Rodger's Radio Dispatch Service of 
Chicago. 

According to the general manager. 
Ward Rodgers, this company serves such 
diverse businesses as trucking firms, fuel 
oil distributors, radio and TV parts 
manufacturers, TV repair services, vend- 
ing machine operators, all categories of 
salespeople, excavators, building con- 
tractors, hotel courtesy vehicles, photog- 
raphers, newsmen, private ambulance 
services, the Deputy Water Commis- 
sioner of the City of Chicago, tow 
trucks, insurance adjusters, private de- 
tectives, the circulation department of 
one of the nation's largest newspapers 
{The Chicago Tribune) private protec- 
tive patrol agencies, handicapped indi- 
viduals, fire extinguisher services, a meat 
packing firm, and physicians. 

"The movement of heavy excavation 
machines," says Rodgers, "presents quite 
a problem. The rental cost of these is 
considerable. Therefore, any delay in 
their movement is expensive. Through 
the use of two-way radio this problem 
has been lessened considerably by hav- 
ing an advance car "scout' the path of 
the large trailer carrying the equipment 
and thus having it avoid clogged inter- 
sections and other traffic delays." 

"The house mover too," he goes on 
to say, "has found radio a wonderful 
aid to his business. It is hard to imagine 
some of the problems involved in mov- 
ing a house. Perhaps the most important 
aspect in a move is to coordinate the 
various public service agencies such as 
the electric and telephone companies, 
the police escort, etc. The split-second 
timing here is vital. Radio performs this 
function as no other communications 
medium can, because it is on the spot; 
yet it moves right along with the 
project." 

Mr. Rodgers" company serves some 
250 mobile units on two channels, and 
handles close to a quarter of a million 
calls a year. 

The savings made by the use of auto- 
motive radio are little short of astound- 
ing. This is especially true of trucks. 
These highway monsters must keep roll- 
ing in order to show profits. When they 
stop, somebody has to reach in and take 
the rubber band off the bank roll. 

One business— and not a large one at 
that— the Doyle Company of Uncase- 
ville. Conn., showed a saving of $40,000 
by equipping its trucks with radio 
phones. 

Doyle has a big trade in ready-mixed 
concrete. This is a tricky business that 



always works against the clock. Freshly 
mixed concrete must be delivered on 
time and at the right place. If for any 
reason the delivery cannot be made, 
the trucks in transit must be diverted to 
other locations. Otherwise the load has 
to be dumped at random to prevent the 
concrete from drying out or "freezing"' 
in the trucks. Should this occur, the 
only remedy is a "chip job"' which is not 
only expensive but also puts the trucks 
out of operation. 

Here's how Jack Doyle, president of 
the company, puts it: ""With radio we 
avoid delays and can operate on a tight- 




"Frying tggs, why?" 

.AMEKIIAN l.KGION MAGAZINK 



er delivery schedule. We've found that 
ten rigs with radio are equal to 12 with- 
out." And these rigs or trucks that Mr. 
Doyle refers to cost $20,000 each! 

Likewise, a former Chicago White 
Sox catcher, William J. (Sully) Sullivan, 
who owns the Modern Builders Supply, 
in Sarasota, Fla., estimates that he saved 
$16,000 on the day mobile phone serv- 
ice was installed on his concrete delivery 
trucks. 

These are only a couple of examples 
among many. Time and time again busi- 
ness organizations of many kinds have 
discovered that with the adoption of 
radio they can make one truck perform 
the service that formerly required two. 

True, the mobile phone has come a 
long way since its tryout on the Balti- 
more fire engine in 1915. But the ex- 
perts say that although it is out of its 
infancy, it is still in the kindergarten. 
Some of the world's most brilliant elec- 
tronic geniuses are working feverishly 
to perfect it and bring costs down, and 
in a few years telephones may be as 
common on motor vehicles as wind- 
shield wipers are today. 

A step will be taken in this direction 
this September (16-19) in Atlantic City, 
N. J., when for the first time in its his- 
tory The American Legion will use ra- 
diotelephone in the operation of its 
National Convention. the end 



POST EXCHAUGE 

For advertising ratet write Combined-Clatiiried, 

1227 Loyola Ave., Chicogo 26 

LOANS BY MAIL 

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City National BIdg., Dept AC-9. Omatia, Nebraska. 

AUTOMOBILES 

BRAND NEW 1957 Automobiles— Factory Wholesale prices— Save 
SIOOO! KEMP, 2015 No rtheast 18lh Street, Ft. Lauderdale 8. Fla. 

AUTHORS SERVICES 

BOOK MANUSCRIPTS' CONSIDERED for publication and national 
distribution. All subjects welcomed. Atten: Mr. Henderson, 

Greenwich Publishers, 4 89 Fifth A venue, New Yor k. 

Want your book published? Send for FREE booklet CC. Vantage. 

120 West Jl, New York. 

OF INTEREST TO WOMEN 

FREE— BIG NEW WHOLESALE CATALOG! Up to 50% saving for 
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timel WRITE: Evergreen Studios . Box 846 AO, Chicago 42, III. 

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MAKE EXTRA MWeY— Cash commissions; Easy-to sell ADVER- 
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BIG MONEYMAKING OPPORTUNITY. Exclusive uniforms, jackets, 
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AGENTS-BUSINESS-MONEY-MAKING OPPS. 
MEN-WOMEN! START MONEY MAKING PLASTIC LAMINATING 
BUSINESS at home in spare lime. Material that costs 11c brings 
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BURBANK TEST PILOT says: 

"Experimenting is my business, 
but when I shop I don't take risks... 



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I'm always satisfied most 
with a BRAND that's 
made a NAilAE for itself!" 

BRAND NAMES FOUNDATION. INC. 
437 FIFTH AVENUE 
NEW YORK 16, N. Y. 



THE AMERICAN LEGION .MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 • 55 



FIRST DAY OF SCHOOL 




And Dill 

We saw a fur coat on display. 

My wife slowed down to eye it, 
Then looked amazed to bear vie say: 

^''Coine on, dear, Icfs go by it!" 

— S. Omar Barker 

llaril Fa4>t!» 

Budget: a bunch of fifiures that prove you 



shoiildn^t have gotten married m the first 
place. — Hal Chadwick 

Outf£oiiij;$ Malo 

Long on egotism but short on cash, the 
young actor was trying to talk his impa- 
tient landlord into waiting for the rent. 

"In a few years," he said, "people will 
point to this apartment and say, 'Smith, the 
famous actor, once lived in there'." 



"If I don't get my rent tonight," said the 
landlord, "they'll be able to say it tomor- 
row." — Anna Herbert 

Proper Procedure 

If you'd like to win her heart for sure, 
Here's some advice, if you please: 
Don't tell here how wonderful you're, 
Tell her how wonderful she's. 

— Joseph E. Brennan 

What I»w!« Ijii Thiiii? 

A man entered a bar, and as he sat on 
the stool a iiorse came from the back room. 
The horse was wearing an apron and carr\ •- 
ing a bar rag. The horse walked up, started 
mopping tiie bar and said, "\\'hat'll you 
have, bud." 

The man sat in open-mouthed astonish- 
ment. The horse said again, "I said, what'U 
you have?" 

Still no answer. The horse tried again, 
"Come on, fella. I haven't got all day. 
W'hat'U \ ou have?" 

Finally the man found his voice and 
asked weakly, "The cow sold the place?" 

— Ernie Kerns 

.And In Addition 

Another one of a motorist's tmforeseen 
expenses is having his car overhaided by a 
cop. — Al Spong 

.September Song for Mom 

The summertime is through, 
Vacation's over, too 

Aud I resume my dull domestic labors; 
But home seems strangely quiet 
Without the joyous riot 

Of fights betzveeu our children and the 
neighbors'. 
I ntiss the happy noise 
Of shouting girls and hoys 

(Each one of ichoui yells loud enough for 
seven ); 
I sigh and say, "Somehow, 
The house seems lonely, nozc 

The kids are hack in school again— thank 
Heaven!" — Berton Braley 

Goofi for M<»rale 

A class reunion is a gathering where you 
come to the conclusion that most of the 
people your own age are a lot older than 
yon arc. — Kathryn Gelander 

I'an't lie Too f'areful 

The new commander was acquainting 
himself with the camp's water supply. He 
asked the sergeant in charge what was be- 
ing done against contamination. 

"Well, sir," spoke up the non-com, "we 
boil it first." 

"Fine," nodded the officer. 

"Then we filter it," continued the ser- 
geant. 

The officer nodded approvingly once 
more. 

"And then," went on the sergeant, "just 
to play it safe, we drink beer." 

— Harold Helper 



5^ • THE AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE • SEPTEMBER 1957 




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